The importance of terahertz (THz) wave techniques has been demonstrated in various fields, and the range of applications is now expanding rapidly. However, the practical implementation of THz science to solve the real-world problems is restricted due to the lack not only of convenient high power THz wave emitters and sensitive detectors but also of efficient quasi-optical active devices such as amplifiers. In this work, we demonstrate the direct amplification of THz waves in room temperature using magnesium oxide-doped lithium niobate () crystals as the nonlinear gain medium. The input THz wave is injected as a seed beam along with the pump beam into the nonlinear crystal and it is amplified by the optical parametric process. We report gain in excess of 30 dB with an input THz pulse energy of less than 1 pJ. We believe that this demonstration will contribute to the convenience and further applicability of THz frequency techniques.
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