Abstract

We propose a compact nanotube-mode-locked all-fiber laser that can simultaneously generate picosecond and femtosecond solitons at different wavelengths. The pulse durations of picosecond and femtosecond solitons are measured to be 10.6ps and 466fs, respectively. Numerical results agree well with the experimental observations and clearly reveal that the dynamic evolutions of the picosecond and femtosecond solitons are qualitatively distinct in the intracavity. Our study presents a simple, stable, low-cost, and dual-scale ultrafast-pulsed laser source suitable for practical applications in optical communications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (8)

D. Mao, X. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
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X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).

Y. F. Song, L. Li, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, Opt. Express 21, 10010 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, Opt. Express 21, 18937 (2013).
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Y. D. Cui and X. M. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 18969 (2013).
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D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, Opt. Lett. 38, 3190 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (7)

2011 (5)

2010 (5)

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 063834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. J. Zong, L. L. Chen, and Z. G. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 35, 28586 (2010).

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[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
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X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

2008 (3)

M. Solodyankin, E. Obraztsova, A. Lobach, A. Chernov, A. Tausenev, V. Konov, and E. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 33, 1336 (2008).
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2007 (2)

2006 (1)

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
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2005 (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. A 72, 063811 (2005).
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2003 (2)

U. Keller, Nature 424, 831 (2003).
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X. Liu and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1549 (2003).
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2000 (1)

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1993 (1)

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1990 (1)

G. P. Agrawal, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 2, 875 (1990).
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Aitchison, B.

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
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Arif, R.

Bonaccorso, F.

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. Tan, A. Rozhin, and A. Ferrari, Adv. Mater. 21, 3874 (2009).
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Broderick, N.

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. Broderick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 121111 (2013).
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Brown, D.

Cai, Y.

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. J. Zong, L. L. Chen, and Z. G. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 35, 28586 (2010).

Cao, Y.

C. Luo, X. Zuo, L. Wang, E. Wang, S. Song, J. Wang, J. Wang, C. Fan, and Y. Cao, Nano Lett. 8, 4454 (2008).
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Chen, L. L.

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. J. Zong, L. L. Chen, and Z. G. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 35, 28586 (2010).

Chernov, A.

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D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
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X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).

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M. Dennis and I. Duling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2911 (1993).
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Dianov, E.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

Duling, I.

M. Dennis and I. Duling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 2911 (1993).
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Erkintalo, M.

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. Broderick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 121111 (2013).
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Fan, C.

C. Luo, X. Zuo, L. Wang, E. Wang, S. Song, J. Wang, J. Wang, C. Fan, and Y. Cao, Nano Lett. 8, 4454 (2008).
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M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
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T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. Tan, A. Rozhin, and A. Ferrari, Adv. Mater. 21, 3874 (2009).
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Ferrari, A. C.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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E. Garmire, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1094 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Grelu, P.

P. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hakulinen, T.

Han, D.

D. Mao, X. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, Opt. Lett. 38, 3190 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Han, D. D.

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).

Härkönen, A.

Hartl, I.

M. E. Fermann and I. Hartl, Nat. Photonics 7, 868 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hasan, T.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. Tan, A. Rozhin, and A. Ferrari, Adv. Mater. 21, 3874 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hawker, R.

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. Broderick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 121111 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y. X.

Kaskela, A.

Kataura, H.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kauppinen, E.

Kelleher, E. R.

Keller, U.

U. Keller, Nature 424, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Kivistö, S.

Kobtsev, S.

Komarov, A.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. A 72, 063811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Konov, V.

Kukarin, S.

Latkin, A.

Leblond, H.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. A 72, 063811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

X. Liu and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1549 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Liu, L.

Liu, X.

D. Mao, X. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).

C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, Opt. Express 21, 18937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, Opt. Lett. 38, 3190 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Yun and X. Liu, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 512 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 81, 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 82, 063834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1549 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

Y. D. Cui and X. M. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 18969 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, and H. Lu, Opt. Lett. 37, 2619 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Phys. Rev. A 84, 023835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, Opt. Express 17, 22401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Lobach, A.

Loh, K. P.

Lu, H.

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, Opt. Lett. 38, 3190 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).

D. Mao, X. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).

D. Mao and H. Lu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2819 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, and H. Lu, Opt. Lett. 37, 2619 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, C.

C. Luo, X. Zuo, L. Wang, E. Wang, S. Song, J. Wang, J. Wang, C. Fan, and Y. Cao, Nano Lett. 8, 4454 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, D.

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. J. Zong, L. L. Chen, and Z. G. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 35, 28586 (2010).

Mansuripur, M.

Mao, D.

D. Mao, X. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).

D. Mao, X. Liu, D. Han, and H. Lu, Opt. Lett. 38, 3190 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, and H. Lu, Opt. Lett. 37, 2619 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao and H. Lu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2819 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, S.

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mou, C.

Namiki, S.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nasibulin, A.

Nicholson, J. W.

Obraztsova, E.

Obraztsova, E. D.

Okhotnikov, O.

Oktem, B.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popa, D.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

Pozharov, A. S.

Rozhin, A.

Y. Fedotov, S. Kobtsev, R. Arif, A. Rozhin, C. Mou, and S. Turitsyn, Opt. Express 20, 17797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. Tan, A. Rozhin, and A. Ferrari, Adv. Mater. 21, 3874 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rozhin, A. G.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Runge, A.

C. Aguergaray, R. Hawker, A. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. Broderick, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 121111 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sakakibara, Y.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, F.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, Phys. Rev. A 72, 063811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

Smirnov, S.

Sobon, G.

Solodyankin, M.

Song, S.

C. Luo, X. Zuo, L. Wang, E. Wang, S. Song, J. Wang, J. Wang, C. Fan, and Y. Cao, Nano Lett. 8, 4454 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. F.

Song, Y. W.

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sotor, J.

Sun, Z.

D. Mao, X. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. Tan, A. Rozhin, and A. Ferrari, Adv. Mater. 21, 3874 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tan, P.

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. Tan, A. Rozhin, and A. Ferrari, Adv. Mater. 21, 3874 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

Tausenev, A.

Taylor, J. R.

Tokumoto, M.

A. G. Rozhin, Y. Sakakibara, S. Namiki, M. Tokumoto, H. Kataura, and Y. Achiba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 051118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Torrisi, F.

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S.

Ülgüdür, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, E.

C. Luo, X. Zuo, L. Wang, E. Wang, S. Song, J. Wang, J. Wang, C. Fan, and Y. Cao, Nano Lett. 8, 4454 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, F.

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).

D. Mao, X. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).

D. Popa, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, W. B. Cho, F. Wang, F. Torrisi, and A. C. Ferrari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 153107 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Hasan, Z. Sun, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, P. Tan, A. Rozhin, and A. Ferrari, Adv. Mater. 21, 3874 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

D. Mao, X. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 3223 (2013).

Wang, J.

C. Luo, X. Zuo, L. Wang, E. Wang, S. Song, J. Wang, J. Wang, C. Fan, and Y. Cao, Nano Lett. 8, 4454 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Luo, X. Zuo, L. Wang, E. Wang, S. Song, J. Wang, J. Wang, C. Fan, and Y. Cao, Nano Lett. 8, 4454 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

C. Luo, X. Zuo, L. Wang, E. Wang, S. Song, J. Wang, J. Wang, C. Fan, and Y. Cao, Nano Lett. 8, 4454 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Yamashita, S.

Y. W. Song, S. Yamashita, and S. Maruyama, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 021115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

Yun, L.

Zeng, C.

C. Zeng, X. Liu, and L. Yun, Opt. Express 21, 18937 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. Cui, and F. Wang, Sci. Rep. 3, 2718 (2013).

Zhang, H.

Zhang, M.

Zhang, Z. G.

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. J. Zong, L. L. Chen, and Z. G. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 35, 28586 (2010).

Zhao, X.

Zheng, Z.

Zhou, C.

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. J. Zong, L. L. Chen, and Z. G. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 35, 28586 (2010).

Zhu, J. S.

Zong, W. J.

D. Ma, Y. Cai, C. Zhou, W. J. Zong, L. L. Chen, and Z. G. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 35, 28586 (2010).

Zuo, X.

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Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MOV (485 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (707 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. ps, picosecond soliton; fs, femtosecond soliton.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Absorption spectra of the SWNT-PVA and pure PVA films. The red stripe illustrates the spectrum gain region of the EDF. (b) Nonlinear absorption characterizations of the SWNT-SA. The solid curve is fitted from the experimental data (circle symbols).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Optical spectrum and RF spectrum (the inset) of simultaneous picosecond and femtosecond solitons. Separated optical spectra, AC traces, and oscilloscope traces of (b), (d), (f) picosecond and (c), (e), (g) femtosecond solitons. The insets in Figs. 3(d) and 3(e) are the RF spectra of separated picosecond and femtosecond solitons.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output of optical spectra and pulse profiles of the numerical simulations for (a), (b) picosecond and (c), (d) femtosecond solitons.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Pulse evolutions of (a) picosecond (Media 1) and (b) femtosecond (Media 2) solitons along the intracavity position. Pulse durations (red lines) and peak powers (blue lines) of (c) picosecond and (d) femtosecond solitons along the intracavity position.

Equations (2)

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α(I)=ans+α0/(1+I/Isat),
Az+iβ222At2=g2A+iγ|A|2A+g2Ωg22At2,

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