Abstract

We demonstrate a hybridly mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser. It combines saturable absorption and nonlinear polarization evolution to produce stable and purified femtosecond pulses with a high repetition rate of 212 MHz. The average output power is larger than 65 mW, and the single-pulse energy is 0.31 nJ at a pump power of 750 mW. A wide spectrum with FWHM of 61.4 nm is obtained. The dechirped pulse duration is 41.9 fs, which is near the transform-limited range.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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A. Martinez and Z. Sun, Nat. Photonics 7, 842 (2013).
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K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, P. Kaczmarek, and K. M. Abramski, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105103 (2013).
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2010 (6)

2009 (4)

L. M. Zhao, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768 (2009).

K. Kieu, W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 34, 593 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Deng, L. Zhan, Z. C. Gu, Y. Gu, and Y. X. Xia, Opt. Express 17, 4284 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. Rauschenberger, T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 10, 1404 (2002).

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

Abramski, K. M.

K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, P. Kaczmarek, and K. M. Abramski, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Adel, P.

T. Wilken, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holtzwarth, P. Adel, and M. Mei, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CMR3.

Buckley, J. R.

Byun, H.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768 (2009).

Cai, Y.

Chen, J.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768 (2009).

F. Ö. Ilday, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 13, 2716 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Morse, J. W. Sickler, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CML1.

Chen, J. P.

Chen, L. L.

Chernov, A. I.

Chong, A.

Clark, W. G.

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 4, 760 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Rauschenberger, T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 10, 1404 (2002).

Deng, D. H.

Doran, N. J.

Fermann, M. E.

Fortier, T. M.

J. Rauschenberger, T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 10, 1404 (2002).

Fu, S.

Fuse, K.

Gu, Y.

Gu, Z. C.

Han, S.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Wilken, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holtzwarth, P. Adel, and M. Mei, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CMR3.

Harberl, F.

Haus, H. A.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hochrein, T.

Hofer, M.

Holtzwarth, R.

T. Wilken, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holtzwarth, P. Adel, and M. Mei, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CMR3.

Holzwarth, R.

Ilday, F. O.

J. R. Buckley, F. O. Ilday, T. Sosnowski, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Lett. 30, 1888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ippen, E. P.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768 (2009).

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Morse, J. W. Sickler, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CML1.

Jones, D. J.

J. Rauschenberger, T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 10, 1404 (2002).

Kaczmarek, P.

K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, P. Kaczmarek, and K. M. Abramski, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768 (2009).

F. Ö. Ilday, J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 13, 2716 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Morse, J. W. Sickler, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CML1.

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Kieu, K.

Kim, S.

Kim, S. W.

Kim, Y.

Kim, Y. J.

Koch, M.

Krumbholz, N.

Krzempek, K.

K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, P. Kaczmarek, and K. M. Abramski, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Li, S. Q.

Li, X. W.

Lu, C.

L. M. Zhao, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, D.

Martinez, A.

McFerran, J. J.

Mei, M.

T. Hochrein, R. Wilk, M. Mei, R. Holzwarth, N. Krumbholz, and M. Koch, Opt. Express 18, 1613 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilken, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holtzwarth, P. Adel, and M. Mei, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CMR3.

Morse, J.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768 (2009).

Morse, J. L.

J. L. Morse, J. W. Sickler, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CML1.

Nelson, L. E.

Nenadovic, L.

Newbury, N. R.

Ober, M. H.

Obraztsova, E. D.

Ouyang, C.

Park, J.

Park, S.

Pudo, D.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768 (2009).

Rauschenberger, J.

J. Rauschenberger, T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 10, 1404 (2002).

Renninger, W. H.

Schlager, J. B.

Schmidt, A. J.

Shum, P.

Sickler, J.

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768 (2009).

Sickler, J. W.

J. L. Morse, J. W. Sickler, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CML1.

Sobon, G.

K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, P. Kaczmarek, and K. M. Abramski, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sosnowski, T.

Sun, Z.

A. Martinez and Z. Sun, Nat. Photonics 7, 842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Swann, W. C.

Tam, H. Y.

L. M. Zhao, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

K. Tamura, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and L. E. Nelson, Opt. Lett. 18, 1080 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

L. M. Zhao, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang and L. M. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 32, 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

Wai, P. K. A.

L. M. Zhao, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A. M.

Wang, H.

Weiner, A. M.

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 4, 760 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wilk, R.

Wilken, T.

T. Wilken, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holtzwarth, P. Adel, and M. Mei, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CMR3.

Wise, F. W.

Wong, J. H.

Wood, D.

Wu, G. L.

Wu, K.

Xia, Y. X.

Xu, B.

Yamashita, S.

Yang, H. Y.

Ye, J.

J. Rauschenberger, T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 10, 1404 (2002).

Zhan, L.

Zhang, Z. G.

Zhao, L. M.

L. M. Zhao, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Tang and L. M. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 32, 41 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, C.

Zong, W. J.

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Electron. Lett. 28, 2226 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

L. M. Zhao, C. Lu, H. Y. Tam, P. K. A. Wai, and D. Y. Tang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 724 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

K. Krzempek, G. Sobon, P. Kaczmarek, and K. M. Abramski, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 105103 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

A. Martinez and Z. Sun, Nat. Photonics 7, 842 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 4, 760 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (9)

Opt. Lett. (10)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ultrafast Phenomena XVI (1)

H. Byun, J. Sickler, J. Morse, J. Chen, D. Pudo, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, Ultrafast Phenomena XVI 92, 768 (2009).

Other (2)

J. L. Morse, J. W. Sickler, J. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, and E. P. Ippen, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CML1.

T. Wilken, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holtzwarth, P. Adel, and M. Mei, in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CMR3.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Configuration of the hybrid laser. PBS, polarization beam splitter; BPF, bandpass filter; ISO, polarization-dependent isolator; λ/2, half-wave plate; λ/4, quarter-wave plate; L, aspheric lens; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser output power (CW or mode-locked) as a function of the pump power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output pulse trains measured by an oscilloscope.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results at a repetition rate of 212 MHz. (a) Optical spectrum. (b) FROG trace of the dechirped pulse by a certain length of SMF28. The FROG trace of the direct laser output is shown in the inset.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

RF spectrum of (a) fundamental mode beat (resolution bandwidth, 1 kHz) and (b) harmonics (resolution bandwidth, 10 kHz).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of all Fibers in the NPE Mode-Locking Cavity

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