Abstract

An all-optical pulse controlled switch/modulator based on evanescent coupling between a polymer slab waveguide and a single mode fiber is demonstrated. Very fast all-optical modulation/switching is achieved via Kerr effect of the nonlinear polymer placed in the evanescent region of the optical fiber. Local refractive index perturbation (Δn=1.45612×105) on the thin film leads to 0.374 nW power modulation at the fiber output, which results in a switching efficiency of 1.5%.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (1)

B. Block, S. Liff, M. Kobrinsky, M. Reshotko, R. Tseng, I. Ban, and P. Chang, Proc. SPIE 8629, 86290Z (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

A. N. Ananth, S. Umapathy, J. Sophia, T. Mathavan, and D. Mangalaraj, Appl. Nanosci. 1, 87 (2011).

M. S. Dinleyici and C. Sümer, Opt. Commun. 284, 5067 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, S. Schumacher, N. H. Kwong, R. Binder, and A. L. Smirl, Laser Photon. Rev. 4221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Haque and J. Nelson, Science 327, 1466 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Akin and M. S. Dinleyici, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3470 (2010).

2009 (4)

2008 (1)

C. H. Lee, C. Kim, J. H. Park, and S. W. Kang, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, 69 (2008).

2007 (1)

T. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Du, and Y. Mo, Opt. Commun. 275, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

L. N. Binh and S. Zheng, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1639 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Brzozowski and E. H. Sargent, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 12, 483 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. Schneider, D. Wolfframm, and J. Reif, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 166, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. S. Dinleyici and D. B. Patterson, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

G. I. Stegeman, Proc. SPIE 1852, 75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Akcakir, O.

M. H. Nayfeh, G. Belomoin, N. Barry, and O. Akcakir, “Silicon nanoparticles microcrystal nonlinear optical devices,” U.S. patent6,456,423 (September242002).

Akin, O.

Ananth, A. N.

A. N. Ananth, S. Umapathy, J. Sophia, T. Mathavan, and D. Mangalaraj, Appl. Nanosci. 1, 87 (2011).

Ban, I.

B. Block, S. Liff, M. Kobrinsky, M. Reshotko, R. Tseng, I. Ban, and P. Chang, Proc. SPIE 8629, 86290Z (2013).
[CrossRef]

Barry, N.

M. H. Nayfeh, G. Belomoin, N. Barry, and O. Akcakir, “Silicon nanoparticles microcrystal nonlinear optical devices,” U.S. patent6,456,423 (September242002).

Belomoin, G.

M. H. Nayfeh, G. Belomoin, N. Barry, and O. Akcakir, “Silicon nanoparticles microcrystal nonlinear optical devices,” U.S. patent6,456,423 (September242002).

Binder, R.

A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, S. Schumacher, N. H. Kwong, R. Binder, and A. L. Smirl, Laser Photon. Rev. 4221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Binh, L. N.

Block, B.

B. Block, S. Liff, M. Kobrinsky, M. Reshotko, R. Tseng, I. Ban, and P. Chang, Proc. SPIE 8629, 86290Z (2013).
[CrossRef]

Brzozowski, L.

L. Brzozowski and E. H. Sargent, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 12, 483 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bulla, D.

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

Chang, P.

B. Block, S. Liff, M. Kobrinsky, M. Reshotko, R. Tseng, I. Ban, and P. Chang, Proc. SPIE 8629, 86290Z (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. L.

Cheng, Y.

T. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Du, and Y. Mo, Opt. Commun. 275, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D.

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

Choi, D. M.

C. Kim, C. H. Lee, J. H. Park, and D. M. Choi, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 56, 329 (2009).

Cooper, M.

Dawes, A. M. C.

A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, S. Schumacher, N. H. Kwong, R. Binder, and A. L. Smirl, Laser Photon. Rev. 4221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dinleyici, M. S.

M. S. Dinleyici and C. Sümer, Opt. Commun. 284, 5067 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Akin and M. S. Dinleyici, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 3470 (2010).

M. S. Dinleyici and D. B. Patterson, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Du, Y.

T. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Du, and Y. Mo, Opt. Commun. 275, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

Elezzabi, A.

Gauthier, D. J.

A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, S. Schumacher, N. H. Kwong, R. Binder, and A. L. Smirl, Laser Photon. Rev. 4221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Han, W. T.

Han, Z.

Haque, S. A.

S. A. Haque and J. Nelson, Science 327, 1466 (2010).
[CrossRef]

He, T.

T. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Du, and Y. Mo, Opt. Commun. 275, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ju, S.

Kang, S. W.

C. H. Lee, C. Kim, J. H. Park, and S. W. Kang, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, 69 (2008).

Kim, C.

C. Kim, C. H. Lee, J. H. Park, and D. M. Choi, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 56, 329 (2009).

C. H. Lee, C. Kim, J. H. Park, and S. W. Kang, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, 69 (2008).

Kobrinsky, M.

B. Block, S. Liff, M. Kobrinsky, M. Reshotko, R. Tseng, I. Ban, and P. Chang, Proc. SPIE 8629, 86290Z (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, N. H.

A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, S. Schumacher, N. H. Kwong, R. Binder, and A. L. Smirl, Laser Photon. Rev. 4221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. H.

C. Kim, C. H. Lee, J. H. Park, and D. M. Choi, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 56, 329 (2009).

C. H. Lee, C. Kim, J. H. Park, and S. W. Kang, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, 69 (2008).

Liff, S.

B. Block, S. Liff, M. Kobrinsky, M. Reshotko, R. Tseng, I. Ban, and P. Chang, Proc. SPIE 8629, 86290Z (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, A.

Luther-Davies, B.

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

Madden, S.

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

Mangalaraj, D.

A. N. Ananth, S. Umapathy, J. Sophia, T. Mathavan, and D. Mangalaraj, Appl. Nanosci. 1, 87 (2011).

Mathavan, T.

A. N. Ananth, S. Umapathy, J. Sophia, T. Mathavan, and D. Mangalaraj, Appl. Nanosci. 1, 87 (2011).

Mo, Y.

T. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Du, and Y. Mo, Opt. Commun. 275, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mookherjea, S.

Moon, S.

Nayfeh, M. H.

M. H. Nayfeh, G. Belomoin, N. Barry, and O. Akcakir, “Silicon nanoparticles microcrystal nonlinear optical devices,” U.S. patent6,456,423 (September242002).

Nelson, J.

S. A. Haque and J. Nelson, Science 327, 1466 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pant, R.

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

Park, J. H.

C. Kim, C. H. Lee, J. H. Park, and D. M. Choi, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 56, 329 (2009).

C. H. Lee, C. Kim, J. H. Park, and S. W. Kang, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, 69 (2008).

Patterson, D. B.

M. S. Dinleyici and D. B. Patterson, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pelusi, M.

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

Reif, J.

T. Schneider, D. Wolfframm, and J. Reif, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 166, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reshotko, M.

B. Block, S. Liff, M. Kobrinsky, M. Reshotko, R. Tseng, I. Ban, and P. Chang, Proc. SPIE 8629, 86290Z (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, P.

Sargent, E. H.

L. Brzozowski and E. H. Sargent, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 12, 483 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, T.

T. Schneider, D. Wolfframm, and J. Reif, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 166, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, J.

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

Schumacher, S.

A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, S. Schumacher, N. H. Kwong, R. Binder, and A. L. Smirl, Laser Photon. Rev. 4221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sederberg, S.

Smirl, A. L.

A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, S. Schumacher, N. H. Kwong, R. Binder, and A. L. Smirl, Laser Photon. Rev. 4221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sophia, J.

A. N. Ananth, S. Umapathy, J. Sophia, T. Mathavan, and D. Mangalaraj, Appl. Nanosci. 1, 87 (2011).

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, Proc. SPIE 1852, 75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sümer, C.

M. S. Dinleyici and C. Sümer, Opt. Commun. 284, 5067 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, R.

B. Block, S. Liff, M. Kobrinsky, M. Reshotko, R. Tseng, I. Ban, and P. Chang, Proc. SPIE 8629, 86290Z (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, S. M.

Umapathy, S.

A. N. Ananth, S. Umapathy, J. Sophia, T. Mathavan, and D. Mangalaraj, Appl. Nanosci. 1, 87 (2011).

Van, V.

Vo, T.

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

Watekar, P.

Wolfframm, D.

T. Schneider, D. Wolfframm, and J. Reif, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 166, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, S.

Appl. Nanosci. (1)

A. N. Ananth, S. Umapathy, J. Sophia, T. Mathavan, and D. Mangalaraj, Appl. Nanosci. 1, 87 (2011).

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (2)

C. H. Lee, C. Kim, J. H. Park, and S. W. Kang, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, 69 (2008).

C. Kim, C. H. Lee, J. H. Park, and D. M. Choi, J. Korean Phys. Soc. 56, 329 (2009).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. (1)

L. Brzozowski and E. H. Sargent, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 12, 483 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, S. Schumacher, N. H. Kwong, R. Binder, and A. L. Smirl, Laser Photon. Rev. 4221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B (1)

T. Schneider, D. Wolfframm, and J. Reif, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. Sect. B 166, 809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. He, Y. Cheng, Y. Du, and Y. Mo, Opt. Commun. 275, 240 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Dinleyici and C. Sümer, Opt. Commun. 284, 5067 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. SPIE (2)

G. I. Stegeman, Proc. SPIE 1852, 75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. Block, S. Liff, M. Kobrinsky, M. Reshotko, R. Tseng, I. Ban, and P. Chang, Proc. SPIE 8629, 86290Z (2013).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

S. A. Haque and J. Nelson, Science 327, 1466 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

T. Vo, J. Schröder, R. Pant, M. Pelusi, S. Madden, D. Choi, D. Bulla, B. Luther-Davies, and B. Eggleton, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper OWG2.

M. H. Nayfeh, G. Belomoin, N. Barry, and O. Akcakir, “Silicon nanoparticles microcrystal nonlinear optical devices,” U.S. patent6,456,423 (September242002).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Cross-section of the polished fiber. (b) Coupler structure geometry. (c) SEM image of the polished part of the fiber. (d) SEM image of the thin film.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Far field profile of the beam radiated from fiber end. (b) 2D profile of the measured data.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic of the experimental setup.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Control beam (a) temporal pulse profile (b) spatial beam profile.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Peak power variation at fiber output according to the power density.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Switching efficiency dependence on the laser spot position.

Metrics