Abstract

The concept of intracavity phase matching is proposed and demonstrated both theoretically and experimentally with a broadband phase-matched dielectric output coupler for linear-cavity few-cycle Ti:sapphire oscillators. The spectrum in the matched wavelength range is enhanced by >10dB while maintaining good beam quality via resonantly enhanced continuum generation. The enhanced spectral components can be continuously tuned by varying the intracavity dispersion. Because dielectric coatings offer flexible design capabilities, this approach is applicable to various lasers with different gain media to obtain custom-tailored spectra, which have the potential to benefit several applications, such as shorter pulse generation, seeding of ytterbium lasers for pumping optical parametric amplifiers, and direct f-2f detection of the carrier-envelope phase.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kaertner, Opt. Lett. 29, 1683 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 33, 833 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. O. D. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J.-W. Kim, J. R. Birge, L. Matos, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 13, 5163 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 28, 2198 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 31, 1011 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Lett. 26, 373 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L.-J. Chen, M. Y. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 35, 2916 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Chudoba, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 26, 292 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. J. Ripin, C. Chudoba, J. T. Gopinath, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 27, 61 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Bartels and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 27, 1839 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1639 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Schultze, T. Binhammer, A. Steinmann, G. Palmer, M. Emons, and U. Morgner, Opt. Express 18, 2836 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Schultze, T. Binhammer, G. Palmer, M. Emons, T. Lang, and U. Morgner, Opt. Express 18, 27291 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Harth, M. Schultze, T. Lang, T. Binhammer, S. Rausch, and U. Morgner, Opt. Express 20, 3076 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. T. Cundiff, W. H. Knox, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 21, 662 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. M. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. F. Curley, C. Spielmann, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, E. Wintner, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 18, 54 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Q. Lin and I. Sorokina, Opt. Commun. 153, 285 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. Chang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 19, 6635 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  25. Y. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  26. L.-J. Chen, “Design, optimization, and applications of few-cycle Ti:Sapphire lasers,” Ph.D thesis (MIT, 2012).
  27. J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, Appl. Opt. 46, 2656 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Moses, H. Suchowski, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 37, 1589 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  29. E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

G. Chang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 19, 6635 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 28, 2198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2001 (3)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

Q. Lin and I. Sorokina, Opt. Commun. 153, 285 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Angelow, G.

Bartels, A.

Benedick, A.

Bhardwaj, S.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Binhammer, T.

Birge, J. R.

Boiko, A.

Bolger, J. A.

Brabec, T.

Cerullo, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.

Chen, L.-J.

G. Chang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 19, 6635 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.-J. Chen, M. Y. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 35, 2916 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L.-J. Chen, “Design, optimization, and applications of few-cycle Ti:Sapphire lasers,” Ph.D thesis (MIT, 2012).

Chen, Y.

Cho, S. H.

Chudoba, C.

Cirmi, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Crespo, H. M.

Cundiff, S. T.

Curley, P. F.

Dergachev, A.

Diddams, S. A.

Eggleton, B. J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1639 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ell, R.

Emons, M.

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

Fortier, T. M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Giessen, H.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gopinath, J. T.

Harth, A.

Haus, H. A.

Hong, K.-H.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1639 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.-W.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1639 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ippen, E. P.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

Kaertner, F. X.

Kalashnikov, V. L.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

J. Moses, H. Suchowski, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 37, 1589 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Chang, L.-J. Chen, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 19, 6635 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L.-J. Chen, M. Y. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 35, 2916 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1639 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 33, 833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Birge and F. X. Kärtner, Appl. Opt. 46, 2656 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O. D. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J.-W. Kim, J. R. Birge, L. Matos, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Express 13, 5163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Ripin, C. Chudoba, J. T. Gopinath, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 27, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Chudoba, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 26, 292 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 882 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Lett. 26, 373 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kean, P. N.

Kelly, S. M.

S. M. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Kim, J.-W.

Kleppner, D.

Knox, W. H.

Krausz, F.

Kurz, H.

Kuzucu, O.

Lang, T.

Lederer, M. J.

Li, E.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Q. Lin and I. Sorokina, Opt. Commun. 153, 285 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Matos, L.

Morgner, U.

Moses, J.

Mücke, O. D.

Naumov, S.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Palmer, G.

Rausch, S.

Ripin, D. J.

Sander, M. Y.

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T.

Schibli, T. R.

Schmidt, A. J.

Schultze, M.

Sibbett, W.

Sorokin, E.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I.

Q. Lin and I. Sorokina, Opt. Commun. 153, 285 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I. T.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. E.

Spielmann, C.

Steinmann, A.

Suchowski, H.

Teipel, J.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

Warken, F.

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Winter, A.

Wintner, E.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. Sorokin, V. L. Kalashnikov, S. Naumov, J. Teipel, F. Warken, H. Giessen, and I. T. Sorokina, Appl. Phys. B 77, 197 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. M. Kelly, Electron. Lett. 28, 806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2086 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kärtner, Nat. Photonics 5, 475 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Q. Lin and I. Sorokina, Opt. Commun. 153, 285 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (14)

J. Moses, H. Suchowski, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 37, 1589 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L.-J. Chen, M. Y. Sander, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 35, 2916 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Crespo, J. R. Birge, E. L. Falcão-Filho, M. Y. Sander, A. Benedick, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 33, 833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 34, 1639 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 31, 1011 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Spence, P. N. Kean, and W. Sibbett, Opt. Lett. 16, 42 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Curley, C. Spielmann, T. Brabec, F. Krausz, E. Wintner, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 18, 54 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Ripin, C. Chudoba, J. T. Gopinath, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 27, 61 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Bartels and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 27, 1839 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, and S. T. Cundiff, Opt. Lett. 28, 2198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Matos, D. Kleppner, O. Kuzucu, T. R. Schibli, J. Kim, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kaertner, Opt. Lett. 29, 1683 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Cundiff, W. H. Knox, E. P. Ippen, and H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 21, 662 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Chudoba, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Lett. 26, 292 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko, and B. Luther-Davies, Opt. Lett. 26, 373 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

L.-J. Chen, “Design, optimization, and applications of few-cycle Ti:Sapphire lasers,” Ph.D thesis (MIT, 2012).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Ti:sapphire output spectrum (red) with a 1% ZnSe / MgF 2 output-coupling window (dashed curve) covering the gain bandwidth (650–1100 nm).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Phase profile (red solid line) of the phase-matched cavity, the nonlinear round trip phase (black dashed line) of the soliton mode-locked laser, and the simulated output spectra with the phase-matched cavity (red) and with a dispersion-free cavity (blue). PM, phase matching.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Designed (red) and measured (blue) GD of the PMOC and the GD of 0.83 mm BaF 2 (green), as well as the corresponding designed and measured phases with both a PMOC and 0.83 mm BaF 2 .

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental intracavity spectra with different OCs, a 5% Nb 2 O 5 / SiO 2 PMOC (red), a 1% ZnSe / MgF 2 OC (blue), and the residual cold-cavity phase (black) of the laser with a 5% PMOC. The phase matching greatly enhances the long-wavelength wing up to 1150 nm even when compared with the spectrum achieved with the 1% OC.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental output spectra using a 1% ZnSe / MgF 2 OC (black) and the 5% PMOC spectra with slightly different intracavity dispersions, as well as the output-coupling windows of the 1% ZnSe / MgF 2 OC (dotted curve) and the 5% PMOC (dashed curve). The insets show the output beam profiles of the red and black spectrum at 1150 nm. The phase-matching concept improves the output spectrum around 1140 nm in terms of both the spectral density and beam quality. By increasing the insertion of BaF 2 , the spectral peak around 1060 nm can continuously be tuned from the red, orange, green, and blue spectrum, accordingly, to 970 nm indicated as the purple one. The inserted extra optical path of BaF 2 in the purple spectrum is 0.2 mm , corresponding to 7.6 fs 2 of intracavity GDD.

Metrics