Abstract

We report on the development of a highly sensitive optical receiver for heterodyne IR spectroscopy at the communication wavelength of 1.5 μm (200 THz) by use of a superconducting hot-electron bolometer. The results are important for the resolution of narrow spectral molecular lines in the near-IR range for the study of astronomical objects, as well as for quantum optical tomography and fiber-optic sensing. Receiver configuration as well as fiber-to-detector light coupling designs are discussed. Light absorption of the superconducting detectors was enhanced by nano-optical antennas, which were coupled to optical fibers. An intermediate frequency (IF) bandwidth of about 3 GHz was found in agreement with measurements at 300 GHz, and a noise figure of about 25 dB was obtained that was only 10 dB above the quantum limit.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Sasselov, The Life of Super-Earths: How the Hunt for Alien Worlds and Artificial Cells Will Revolutionize Life on Our Planet (Basic Books, 2012).
  2. J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Hase, L. Wallace, S. D. McLeod, J. J. Harrison, and P. F. Bernath, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 521 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Glenar, H. Käufl, D. Deming, T. Kostiuk, and M. J. Mumma, Advances in Helio- and Astroseismology, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard and S. Frandsen, eds. (Springer, 1987), pp. 481–484.
  6. J. B. Altepeter, D. F. V. James, and P. G. Kwiat, Quantum State Estimation. Lecture Notes in Physics, M. Paris and J. Rehacek, eds. (Springer, 2004).
  7. J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 52, 105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Lvovsky and M. Raymer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Chinn, E. Swanson, and J. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 340 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. H. Hartog, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Collected Papers of the International Conferences on Optical Fiber Sensors 1983–1997 (Optical Society of America, 1992), paper TH11.
  12. R. Bernini, L. Crocco, A. Minardo, F. Soldovieri, and L. Zeni, Opt. Lett. 27, 288 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Chen, K. P. Chen, Q. Wang, B. Zhang, and R. Chen, Imaging and Applied Optics Technical Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper STu3F.2.
  14. T. Kostiuk and M. Mumma, Appl. Opt. 22, 2644 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Schieder, G. Sonnabend, M. Sornig, P. Kroetz, and D. Stupar, “Observations with the tuneable heterodyne infrared spectrometer ‘THIS’,” in the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, Pasadena, California, USA, September15–19, 2008.
  16. https://www.astro.uni-koeln.de/this .
  17. A. Klimchuk, A. Nadezhdinskii, Ya. Ponurovskii, Yu. Shapovalov, and A. Rodin, Quantum Electron. 42, 244 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. N. Gol’tsman, Infrared Phys. Technol. 40, 199 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).
  21. http://herschel.esac.esa.int/ .
  22. http://www.sofia.usra.edu/ .
  23. J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.
  25. T. Wilson, K. Rohlfs, and S. Hüttemeister, Tools for Radio Astronomy, 5th ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 97.
  26. A. Semenov, G. Gol’tsman, and R. Sobolewski, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 15, R1 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  27. W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  28. W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  29. A. E. Siegman, Appl. Opt. 5, 1588 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  30. I. Codreanu and G. D. Boreman, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 381 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  31. P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 438 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  32. L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, Nat. Photonics 5, 83 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Kawakami, S. Saito, and M. Hyodo, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 632 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  34. X. Hu, E. Dauler, R. Molnar, and K. Berggren, Opt. Express 19, 17 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  35. L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 266802 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  36. H. Ekström, B. Karasik, E. Kollberg, and S. Yngvesson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 43, 938 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  37. I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  38. A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  39. Y. Lobanov, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2009), pp. 282–287.
  40. D. Hayton, J. R. Gao, J. W. Kooi, Y. Ren, W. Zhang, and G. de Lange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 081102 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

A. Klimchuk, A. Nadezhdinskii, Ya. Ponurovskii, Yu. Shapovalov, and A. Rodin, Quantum Electron. 42, 244 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Hayton, J. R. Gao, J. W. Kooi, Y. Ren, W. Zhang, and G. de Lange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 081102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, Nat. Photonics 5, 83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Kawakami, S. Saito, and M. Hyodo, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 632 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Hu, E. Dauler, R. Molnar, and K. Berggren, Opt. Express 19, 17 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

F. Hase, L. Wallace, S. D. McLeod, J. J. Harrison, and P. F. Bernath, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 521 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

A. Lvovsky and M. Raymer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 438 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 52, 105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

R. Bernini, L. Crocco, A. Minardo, F. Soldovieri, and L. Zeni, Opt. Lett. 27, 288 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Semenov, G. Gol’tsman, and R. Sobolewski, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 15, R1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

I. Codreanu and G. D. Boreman, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 381 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. N. Gol’tsman, Infrared Phys. Technol. 40, 199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

H. Ekström, B. Karasik, E. Kollberg, and S. Yngvesson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 43, 938 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1966 (1)

Aigrain, S.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Altepeter, J. B.

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 52, 105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altepeter, D. F. V. James, and P. G. Kwiat, Quantum State Estimation. Lecture Notes in Physics, M. Paris and J. Rehacek, eds. (Springer, 2004).

Antipov, S.

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Bansal, T.

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barends, R.

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barrientos, C.

D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).

Bartolf, H.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Benneke, B.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Berggren, K.

Bernath, P. F.

F. Hase, L. Wallace, S. D. McLeod, J. J. Harrison, and P. F. Bernath, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 521 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bernini, R.

Bharadwaj, P.

Blundell, R.

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).

Y. Lobanov, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2009), pp. 282–287.

Boreman, G. D.

I. Codreanu and G. D. Boreman, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 381 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Böttger, U.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Charbonneau, D.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. P.

T. Chen, K. P. Chen, Q. Wang, B. Zhang, and R. Chen, Imaging and Applied Optics Technical Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper STu3F.2.

Chen, R.

T. Chen, K. P. Chen, Q. Wang, B. Zhang, and R. Chen, Imaging and Applied Optics Technical Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper STu3F.2.

Chen, T.

T. Chen, K. P. Chen, Q. Wang, B. Zhang, and R. Chen, Imaging and Applied Optics Technical Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper STu3F.2.

Chinn, S.

Codreanu, I.

I. Codreanu and G. D. Boreman, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 381 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Crocco, L.

Dauler, E.

de Lange, G.

D. Hayton, J. R. Gao, J. W. Kooi, Y. Ren, W. Zhang, and G. de Lange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 081102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Deming, D.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Glenar, H. Käufl, D. Deming, T. Kostiuk, and M. J. Mumma, Advances in Helio- and Astroseismology, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard and S. Frandsen, eds. (Springer, 1987), pp. 481–484.

Demory, B. O.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Désert, J. M.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Deutsch, B.

Ekström, H.

H. Ekström, B. Karasik, E. Kollberg, and S. Yngvesson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 43, 938 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Engel, A.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Finkel, M.

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Flotire, T.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fraine, J. D.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fressin, F.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fridlund, M.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J.

S. Chinn, E. Swanson, and J. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 340 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J. R.

D. Hayton, J. R. Gao, J. W. Kooi, Y. Ren, W. Zhang, and G. de Lange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 081102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gershenzon, E.

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gerthsen, D.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gillon, M.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gippius, N. A.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Glenar, D.

D. Glenar, H. Käufl, D. Deming, T. Kostiuk, and M. J. Mumma, Advances in Helio- and Astroseismology, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard and S. Frandsen, eds. (Springer, 1987), pp. 481–484.

Gol’tsman, G.

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Semenov, G. Gol’tsman, and R. Sobolewski, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 15, R1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Y. Lobanov, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2009), pp. 282–287.

Gol’tsman, G. N.

G. N. Gol’tsman, Infrared Phys. Technol. 40, 199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Guillot, T.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Günther, B.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, J. J.

F. Hase, L. Wallace, S. D. McLeod, J. J. Harrison, and P. F. Bernath, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 521 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hartog, A. H.

A. H. Hartog, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Collected Papers of the International Conferences on Optical Fiber Sensors 1983–1997 (Optical Society of America, 1992), paper TH11.

Hase, F.

F. Hase, L. Wallace, S. D. McLeod, J. J. Harrison, and P. F. Bernath, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 521 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hayton, D.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Hayton, J. R. Gao, J. W. Kooi, Y. Ren, W. Zhang, and G. de Lange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 081102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hee, M.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Henkel, C.

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Henze, C. E.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hovenier, J.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Q.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hübers, H. W.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, T. R.

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hüttemeister, S.

T. Wilson, K. Rohlfs, and S. Hüttemeister, Tools for Radio Astronomy, 5th ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 97.

Hyodo, M.

A. Kawakami, S. Saito, and M. Hyodo, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 632 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ilin, K.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

James, D. F. V.

J. B. Altepeter, D. F. V. James, and P. G. Kwiat, Quantum State Estimation. Lecture Notes in Physics, M. Paris and J. Rehacek, eds. (Springer, 2004).

Jeffrey, E. R.

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 52, 105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jehin, E.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kao, T.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Karasik, B.

H. Ekström, B. Karasik, E. Kollberg, and S. Yngvesson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 43, 938 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Käufl, H.

D. Glenar, H. Käufl, D. Deming, T. Kostiuk, and M. J. Mumma, Advances in Helio- and Astroseismology, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard and S. Frandsen, eds. (Springer, 1987), pp. 481–484.

Kaurova, N.

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Kawakami, A.

A. Kawakami, S. Saito, and M. Hyodo, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 632 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, J.

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).

Khosropanah, P.

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klapwijk, T. M.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klimchuk, A.

A. Klimchuk, A. Nadezhdinskii, Ya. Ponurovskii, Yu. Shapovalov, and A. Rodin, Quantum Electron. 42, 244 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kloosterman, J.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Knutson, H.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kollberg, E.

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Ekström, B. Karasik, E. Kollberg, and S. Yngvesson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 43, 938 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kooi, J. W.

D. Hayton, J. R. Gao, J. W. Kooi, Y. Ren, W. Zhang, and G. de Lange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 081102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Korotetskaya, Yu.

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Kostiuk, T.

T. Kostiuk and M. Mumma, Appl. Opt. 22, 2644 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. Glenar, H. Käufl, D. Deming, T. Kostiuk, and M. J. Mumma, Advances in Helio- and Astroseismology, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard and S. Frandsen, eds. (Springer, 1987), pp. 481–484.

Kroetz, P.

R. Schieder, G. Sonnabend, M. Sornig, P. Kroetz, and D. Stupar, “Observations with the tuneable heterodyne infrared spectrometer ‘THIS’,” in the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, Pasadena, California, USA, September15–19, 2008.

Kwiat, P. G.

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 52, 105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Altepeter, D. F. V. James, and P. G. Kwiat, Quantum State Estimation. Lecture Notes in Physics, M. Paris and J. Rehacek, eds. (Springer, 2004).

Lewis, N. K.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lobanov, Y.

Y. Lobanov, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2009), pp. 282–287.

Lobastova, A.

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Loudkov, D.

D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).

Lühr, D.

D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).

Lvovsky, A.

A. Lvovsky and M. Raymer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marrone, D.

D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).

Maslennikov, S.

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Maslennikova, A.

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mazeh, T.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

McLeod, S. D.

F. Hase, L. Wallace, S. D. McLeod, J. J. Harrison, and P. F. Bernath, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 521 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miao, W.

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Minardo, A.

Molnar, R.

Mumma, M.

Mumma, M. J.

D. Glenar, H. Käufl, D. Deming, T. Kostiuk, and M. J. Mumma, Advances in Helio- and Astroseismology, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard and S. Frandsen, eds. (Springer, 1987), pp. 481–484.

Nadezhdinskii, A.

A. Klimchuk, A. Nadezhdinskii, Ya. Ponurovskii, Yu. Shapovalov, and A. Rodin, Quantum Electron. 42, 244 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, Nat. Photonics 5, 83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Bharadwaj, B. Deutsch, and L. Novotny, Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 438 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ozhegov, R.

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Paine, S.

D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).

Papa, D. C.

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peters, W.

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Polyakov, S.

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Pont, F.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ponurovskii, Ya.

A. Klimchuk, A. Nadezhdinskii, Ya. Ponurovskii, Yu. Shapovalov, and A. Rodin, Quantum Electron. 42, 244 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Puliafito, C.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rauer, H.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M.

A. Lvovsky and M. Raymer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ren, Y.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Hayton, J. R. Gao, J. W. Kooi, Y. Ren, W. Zhang, and G. de Lange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 081102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Reno, J.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rodin, A.

A. Klimchuk, A. Nadezhdinskii, Ya. Ponurovskii, Yu. Shapovalov, and A. Rodin, Quantum Electron. 42, 244 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rohlfs, K.

T. Wilson, K. Rohlfs, and S. Hüttemeister, Tools for Radio Astronomy, 5th ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 97.

Ryabchun, S.

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

A. Kawakami, S. Saito, and M. Hyodo, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 632 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sasselov, D.

D. Sasselov, The Life of Super-Earths: How the Hunt for Alien Worlds and Artificial Cells Will Revolutionize Life on Our Planet (Basic Books, 2012).

Schieder, R.

R. Schieder, G. Sonnabend, M. Sornig, P. Kroetz, and D. Stupar, “Observations with the tuneable heterodyne infrared spectrometer ‘THIS’,” in the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, Pasadena, California, USA, September15–19, 2008.

Schilling, A.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, R.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schuman, J.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Seager, S.

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Semenov, A.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Semenov, G. Gol’tsman, and R. Sobolewski, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 15, R1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shapovalov, Yu.

A. Klimchuk, A. Nadezhdinskii, Ya. Ponurovskii, Yu. Shapovalov, and A. Rodin, Quantum Electron. 42, 244 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shi, S.

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, M.

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

Smirnov, K.

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Sobolewski, R.

A. Semenov, G. Gol’tsman, and R. Sobolewski, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 15, R1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soldovieri, F.

Sonnabend, G.

R. Schieder, G. Sonnabend, M. Sornig, P. Kroetz, and D. Stupar, “Observations with the tuneable heterodyne infrared spectrometer ‘THIS’,” in the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, Pasadena, California, USA, September15–19, 2008.

Sornig, M.

R. Schieder, G. Sonnabend, M. Sornig, P. Kroetz, and D. Stupar, “Observations with the tuneable heterodyne infrared spectrometer ‘THIS’,” in the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, Pasadena, California, USA, September15–19, 2008.

Stinson, W.

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stupar, D.

R. Schieder, G. Sonnabend, M. Sornig, P. Kroetz, and D. Stupar, “Observations with the tuneable heterodyne infrared spectrometer ‘THIS’,” in the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, Pasadena, California, USA, September15–19, 2008.

Svechnikov, S.

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Swanson, E.

S. Chinn, E. Swanson, and J. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 22, 340 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tong, C.-Y. E.

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).

Y. Lobanov, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2009), pp. 282–287.

Torres, G.

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tretyakov, I.

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vachtomin, Yu.

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

van Hulst, N.

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, Nat. Photonics 5, 83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Voronov, B.

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Walker, C.

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, L.

F. Hase, L. Wallace, S. D. McLeod, J. J. Harrison, and P. F. Bernath, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 521 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

T. Chen, K. P. Chen, Q. Wang, B. Zhang, and R. Chen, Imaging and Applied Optics Technical Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper STu3F.2.

Wilson, T.

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilson, K. Rohlfs, and S. Hüttemeister, Tools for Radio Astronomy, 5th ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 97.

Yngvesson, K.

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yngvesson, S.

H. Ekström, B. Karasik, E. Kollberg, and S. Yngvesson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 43, 938 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zeni, L.

Zhang, B.

T. Chen, K. P. Chen, Q. Wang, B. Zhang, and R. Chen, Imaging and Applied Optics Technical Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper STu3F.2.

Zhang, W.

D. Hayton, J. R. Gao, J. W. Kooi, Y. Ren, W. Zhang, and G. de Lange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 081102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

J. B. Altepeter, E. R. Jeffrey, and P. G. Kwiat, Adv. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 52, 105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. Kloosterman, D. Hayton, Y. Ren, T. Kao, J. Hovenier, J. Gao, T. M. Klapwijk, Q. Hu, C. Walker, and J. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 011123 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, E. Kollberg, K. Yngvesson, T. Bansal, R. Barends, and T. M. Klapwijk, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 111113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Hayton, J. R. Gao, J. W. Kooi, Y. Ren, W. Zhang, and G. de Lange, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 081102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

J. Kawamura, T. R. Hunter, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, D. C. Papa, W. Peters, T. Wilson, C. Henkel, G. Gol’tsman, and E. Gershenzon, Astron. Astrophys. 394, 271 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. (2)

J. D. Fraine, D. Deming, M. Gillon, E. Jehin, B. O. Demory, B. Benneke, S. Seager, N. K. Lewis, H. Knutson, and J. M. Désert, Astrophys. J. 765, 127 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Fressin, G. Torres, F. Pont, H. Knutson, D. Charbonneau, T. Mazeh, S. Aigrain, M. Fridlund, C. E. Henze, T. Guillot, and H. Rauer, Astrophys. J. 745, 81 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. (2)

A. Kawakami, S. Saito, and M. Hyodo, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 632 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Tretyakov, S. Ryabchun, M. Finkel, S. Maslennikov, A. Maslennikova, N. Kaurova, A. Lobastova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, IEEE Trans. Appl. Supercond. 21, 620 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. (1)

H. Ekström, B. Karasik, E. Kollberg, and S. Yngvesson, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 43, 938 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

G. N. Gol’tsman, Infrared Phys. Technol. 40, 199 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Zhang, P. Khosropanah, J. Gao, T. Bansal, T. M. Klapwijk, W. Miao, and S. Shi, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 093102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

F. Hase, L. Wallace, S. D. McLeod, J. J. Harrison, and P. F. Bernath, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 111, 521 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

I. Codreanu and G. D. Boreman, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 381 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

L. Novotny and N. van Hulst, Nat. Photonics 5, 83 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Semenov, B. Günther, U. Böttger, H. W. Hübers, H. Bartolf, A. Engel, A. Schilling, K. Ilin, M. Siegel, R. Schneider, D. Gerthsen, and N. A. Gippius, Phys. Rev. B 80, 054510 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

L. Novotny, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 266802 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Klimchuk, A. Nadezhdinskii, Ya. Ponurovskii, Yu. Shapovalov, and A. Rodin, Quantum Electron. 42, 244 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

A. Lvovsky and M. Raymer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 299 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. Swanson, C. Lin, J. Schuman, W. Stinson, W. Chang, M. Hee, T. Flotire, K. Gregory, C. Puliafito, and J. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Supercond. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. Semenov, G. Gol’tsman, and R. Sobolewski, Supercond. Sci. Technol. 15, R1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (13)

D. Sasselov, The Life of Super-Earths: How the Hunt for Alien Worlds and Artificial Cells Will Revolutionize Life on Our Planet (Basic Books, 2012).

S. Maslennikov, M. Finkel, S. Antipov, S. Polyakov, W. Zhang, R. Ozhegov, Yu. Vachtomin, S. Svechnikov, K. Smirnov, Yu. Korotetskaya, N. Kaurova, B. Voronov, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2006), pp. 177–179.

T. Wilson, K. Rohlfs, and S. Hüttemeister, Tools for Radio Astronomy, 5th ed. (Springer, 2009), pp. 97.

Y. Lobanov, C.-Y. E. Tong, R. Blundell, and G. Gol’tsman, Proceedings of the 20th International Symposium on Space Terahertz Technology (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, 2009), pp. 282–287.

A. H. Hartog, in Optical Fiber Sensors, Collected Papers of the International Conferences on Optical Fiber Sensors 1983–1997 (Optical Society of America, 1992), paper TH11.

D. Glenar, H. Käufl, D. Deming, T. Kostiuk, and M. J. Mumma, Advances in Helio- and Astroseismology, J. Christensen-Dalsgaard and S. Frandsen, eds. (Springer, 1987), pp. 481–484.

J. B. Altepeter, D. F. V. James, and P. G. Kwiat, Quantum State Estimation. Lecture Notes in Physics, M. Paris and J. Rehacek, eds. (Springer, 2004).

T. Chen, K. P. Chen, Q. Wang, B. Zhang, and R. Chen, Imaging and Applied Optics Technical Papers, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper STu3F.2.

R. Schieder, G. Sonnabend, M. Sornig, P. Kroetz, and D. Stupar, “Observations with the tuneable heterodyne infrared spectrometer ‘THIS’,” in the 33rd International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter and Terahertz Waves, Pasadena, California, USA, September15–19, 2008.

https://www.astro.uni-koeln.de/this .

D. Marrone, R. Blundell, C.-Y. E. Tong, S. Paine, D. Loudkov, J. Kawamura, D. Lühr, and C. Barrientos, “Observations in the 1.3 and 1.5  THz atmospheric windows with the Receiver Lab Telescope,” arXiv:astro-ph/0505273 (2005).

http://herschel.esac.esa.int/ .

http://www.sofia.usra.edu/ .

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic representation of the HEB devices. (a) Cross section and (c) top view of the regular NbN bridge, (b) cross section and (d) top view of the HEB device with golden stripes atop.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Principle schematic of the experimental setup. A bias-tee allows both to apply dc-biasing to the device and read the IF power, which is further amplified by both a cryogenic low noise amplifier (LNA) and a room temperature amplifier. An RF spectrum analyzer was used for the IF signal analysis. Inset shows coupling between the fiber waveguide and the HEB device.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Intermediate frequency bandwidth of the HEB mixer measured at the LO wavelength of 1.55 µm and compared to the IF bandwidth measurement performed at a conventional for the THz detection LO frequency of 300 GHz. To perform the latter measurement, two backward wave oscillators (BWO) were used. (b) Receiver dynamic range measured with the test signal power varied and was found to be more than 50 dB.

Metrics