Abstract

A low-cost and high-performance wavelength division (de)multiplexing structure in the mid-IR wavelength range is demonstrated on the silicon-on-insulator platform using an interleaved angled multimode interferometer (AMMI). As compared to a single AMMI, the channel count was doubled and the channel spacing halved with negligible extra insertion loss and crosstalk and with only a slight increase in device footprint. The device requires only single lithography and etching steps for fabrication. Potential is also shown for achieving improved performance with further optimized design.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013

2012

M. M. Milosevic, M. Nedeljkovic, T.-B. Masaud, E. Jaberansary, H. M. H. Chong, N. G. Emerson, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

1995

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Baddela, N. K.

M. N. Petrovich, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, F. Poletti, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, presented at the 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Coventry, July2–5, 2012, pp. 1–4.

Baets, R.

Bogaerts, W.

Cerutti, L.

Chen, X.

Chong, H. M. H.

M. Nedeljkovic, A. Z. Kokhar, Y. Hu, X. Chen, J. S. Penades, S. Stankovic, H. M. H. Chong, D. J. Thomson, F. Y. Gardes, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Opt. Mater. Express 3, 1205 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Milosevic, M. Nedeljkovic, T.-B. Masaud, E. Jaberansary, H. M. H. Chong, N. G. Emerson, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dave, U.

Emerson, N. G.

M. M. Milosevic, M. Nedeljkovic, T.-B. Masaud, E. Jaberansary, H. M. H. Chong, N. G. Emerson, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Finlayson, E. D.

Gardes, F. Y.

Gassenq, A.

Gencarelli, F.

Gray, D. R.

M. N. Petrovich, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, F. Poletti, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, presented at the 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Coventry, July2–5, 2012, pp. 1–4.

Green, W. J.

Hattasan, N.

Hayes, J. R.

M. N. Petrovich, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, F. Poletti, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, presented at the 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Coventry, July2–5, 2012, pp. 1–4.

Healy, N.

Hens, Z.

Hu, C.

Hu, Y.

Jaberansary, E.

M. M. Milosevic, M. Nedeljkovic, T.-B. Masaud, E. Jaberansary, H. M. H. Chong, N. G. Emerson, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jenkins, R. M.

Kokhar, A. Z.

Kuyken, B.

Leo, F.

Li, S.

Liu, X.

Loo, R.

Malik, A.

Masaud, T.-B.

M. M. Milosevic, M. Nedeljkovic, T.-B. Masaud, E. Jaberansary, H. M. H. Chong, N. G. Emerson, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mashanovich, G. Z.

Milosevic, M. M.

M. M. Milosevic, M. Nedeljkovic, T.-B. Masaud, E. Jaberansary, H. M. H. Chong, N. G. Emerson, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Z. Mashanovich, M. M. Milosevic, M. Nedeljkovic, N. Owens, B. Xiong, E.-J. Teo, and Y. Hu, Opt. Express 19, 7112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Muneeb, M.

Nedeljkovic, M.

Numkam Fokoua, E.

M. N. Petrovich, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, F. Poletti, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, presented at the 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Coventry, July2–5, 2012, pp. 1–4.

Osgood, R.

Owens, N.

Pathak, S.

Peacock, A. C.

Penades, J. S.

Pennings, E. C. M.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Petrovich, M. N.

M. N. Petrovich, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, F. Poletti, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, presented at the 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Coventry, July2–5, 2012, pp. 1–4.

Poletti, F.

M. N. Petrovich, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, F. Poletti, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, presented at the 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Coventry, July2–5, 2012, pp. 1–4.

Reed, G. T.

Y. Hu, F. Y. Gardes, D. J. Thomson, G. Z. Mashanovich, and G. T. Reed, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 251116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Nedeljkovic, A. Z. Kokhar, Y. Hu, X. Chen, J. S. Penades, S. Stankovic, H. M. H. Chong, D. J. Thomson, F. Y. Gardes, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Opt. Mater. Express 3, 1205 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Milosevic, M. Nedeljkovic, T.-B. Masaud, E. Jaberansary, H. M. H. Chong, N. G. Emerson, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, R. M. Jenkins, F. Y. Gardes, E. D. Finlayson, G. Z. Mashanovich, and G. T. Reed, Opt. Lett. 36, 4488 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

M. N. Petrovich, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, F. Poletti, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, presented at the 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Coventry, July2–5, 2012, pp. 1–4.

Rodriguez, J.-B.

Roelkens, G.

Ryckeboer, E.

Ryckeboer, E. M. P.

Shimura, Y.

Soldano, L. B.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stankovic, S.

Teo, E.-J.

Thomson, D. J.

Tournie, E.

Tournié, E.

Van Campenhout, J.

Verheyen, P.

Vincent, B.

Wheeler, N. V.

M. N. Petrovich, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, F. Poletti, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, presented at the 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Coventry, July2–5, 2012, pp. 1–4.

Xiong, B.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. M. Milosevic, M. Nedeljkovic, T.-B. Masaud, E. Jaberansary, H. M. H. Chong, N. G. Emerson, G. T. Reed, and G. Z. Mashanovich, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, F. Y. Gardes, D. J. Thomson, G. Z. Mashanovich, and G. T. Reed, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 251116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

L. B. Soldano and E. C. M. Pennings, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 615 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater. Express

Other

M. N. Petrovich, N. V. Wheeler, N. K. Baddela, F. Poletti, E. Numkam Fokoua, J. R. Hayes, D. R. Gray, and D. J. Richardson, presented at the 14th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), Coventry, July2–5, 2012, pp. 1–4.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Design of (a) a single 3-channel AMMI and (b) an interleaved 6-channel AMMI.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulated light propagation pattern in a mid-IR AMMI.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Microscopic images of the fabricated IAMMI. (a) Section including the MZI and the AMMIs’ inputs. (b) Output channels section with the inset showing the cross section of the waveguides.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectral responses of fabricated devices: (a) the 3-channels in AMMI1 of the IAMMI and the stand-alone MZI channel 1, (b) the 3-channels in AMMI2 of the IAMMI and the stand-alone MZI channel 2, and (c) the 6 channels of the IAMMI.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Design Parameters for the Two 3-Channel AMMIs

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Li=4neff,AMMIWAMMI2λi(i=1,2,3),
θd=CλaWa,
Nmax=2WAMMIθdcosθtCλa
Δλmin=4Cλaneff,AMMIWAMMI2La2θdsinθt,
dλadT=λaneff,AMMIdneff,AMMIdT.
λi=2ng,MZI×ΔLMZIm+i(i=1,,6),

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