Abstract

The first known experimental demonstrations of a 10Gb/s hybrid CAP-2/QAM-2 and a 20Gb/s hybrid CAP-4/QAM-4 transmitter/receiver-based optical data link are performed. Successful transmission over 4.3 km of standard single-mode fiber (SMF) is achieved, with a link power penalty 0.4dBo for CAP-2/QAM-2 and 1.5dBo for CAP-4/QAM-4 at BER=109.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Ghiasi, IEEE 802.3 Next Generation 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).
  2. J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, IEEE 802.3 Next Generation 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).
  3. J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, IEEE P802.3bm 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Fiber Optic Task Force Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).
  4. R. Rodes, M. Wieckowski, T. T. Pham, J. B. Jensen, J. T. Turkiewicz, J. Siuzdak, and I. T. Monroy, Opt. Express 19, 26551 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3273 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2011), paper OThZ3.
  7. J. L. Wei, L. Geng, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OW4A.5.
  8. D. D. Falconer, Bell Laboratories, Tech. Memo (1975).
  9. J. J. Werner, Tutorial on carrierless AM/PM, ANSI X3T9.5 TP/PMD Working Group (1992 and 1993).
  10. W. Y. Chen, G.-H. Im, and J. J. Werner, AT&T and Bellcore contribution to (1992).
  11. L. M. Garth, J. Yang, and J. J. Werner, in International Conference on Communications (1999), Vol. 3, pp. 1531–1536.
  12. I. L. Thng, A. Cantoni, and Y. H. Leung, IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 396 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. H. Abdolhamid and D. A. Johns, International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (1998), Vol. 4, 316.
  14. M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.10.
  15. L. Tao, Y. Wang, Y. Gao, A. P. T. Lau, N. Chi, and C. Lu, Opt. Express 21, 6459 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. H. Lee, L. Geng, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThO3.

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2000 (1)

I. L. Thng, A. Cantoni, and Y. H. Leung, IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Abdolhamid, A. H.

A. H. Abdolhamid and D. A. Johns, International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (1998), Vol. 4, 316.

Cantoni, A.

I. L. Thng, A. Cantoni, and Y. H. Leung, IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. Y.

W. Y. Chen, G.-H. Im, and J. J. Werner, AT&T and Bellcore contribution to (1992).

Chi, N.

Cunningham, D. G.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2011), paper OThZ3.

J. L. Wei, L. Geng, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OW4A.5.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, IEEE P802.3bm 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Fiber Optic Task Force Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

S. H. Lee, L. Geng, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThO3.

Falconer, D. D.

D. D. Falconer, Bell Laboratories, Tech. Memo (1975).

Gao, Y.

Garth, L. M.

L. M. Garth, J. Yang, and J. J. Werner, in International Conference on Communications (1999), Vol. 3, pp. 1531–1536.

Geng, L.

J. L. Wei, L. Geng, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OW4A.5.

S. H. Lee, L. Geng, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThO3.

Ghiasi, A.

A. Ghiasi, IEEE 802.3 Next Generation 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

Im, G.-H.

W. Y. Chen, G.-H. Im, and J. J. Werner, AT&T and Bellcore contribution to (1992).

Ingham, J. D.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, IEEE 802.3 Next Generation 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, IEEE P802.3bm 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Fiber Optic Task Force Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2011), paper OThZ3.

S. H. Lee, L. Geng, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThO3.

Jensen, J. B.

R. Rodes, M. Wieckowski, T. T. Pham, J. B. Jensen, J. T. Turkiewicz, J. Siuzdak, and I. T. Monroy, Opt. Express 19, 26551 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.10.

Johns, D. A.

A. H. Abdolhamid and D. A. Johns, International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (1998), Vol. 4, 316.

Lau, A. P. T.

Lee, S. H.

S. H. Lee, L. Geng, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThO3.

Leung, Y. H.

I. L. Thng, A. Cantoni, and Y. H. Leung, IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Monroy, I. T.

R. Rodes, M. Wieckowski, T. T. Pham, J. B. Jensen, J. T. Turkiewicz, J. Siuzdak, and I. T. Monroy, Opt. Express 19, 26551 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.10.

Olmedo, M. I.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.10.

Penty, R. V.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2011), paper OThZ3.

J. L. Wei, L. Geng, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OW4A.5.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, IEEE P802.3bm 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Fiber Optic Task Force Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, IEEE 802.3 Next Generation 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

S. H. Lee, L. Geng, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThO3.

Pham, T. T.

Rodes, R.

Siuzdak, J.

Tao, L.

Thng, I. L.

I. L. Thng, A. Cantoni, and Y. H. Leung, IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Turkiewicz, J. T.

Wang, Y.

Wei, J. L.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, IEEE P802.3bm 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Fiber Optic Task Force Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, IEEE 802.3 Next Generation 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

J. L. Wei, L. Geng, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OW4A.5.

Werner, J. J.

W. Y. Chen, G.-H. Im, and J. J. Werner, AT&T and Bellcore contribution to (1992).

J. J. Werner, Tutorial on carrierless AM/PM, ANSI X3T9.5 TP/PMD Working Group (1992 and 1993).

L. M. Garth, J. Yang, and J. J. Werner, in International Conference on Communications (1999), Vol. 3, pp. 1531–1536.

White, I. H.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3273 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2011), paper OThZ3.

J. L. Wei, L. Geng, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OW4A.5.

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, IEEE 802.3 Next Generation 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, IEEE P802.3bm 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Fiber Optic Task Force Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

S. H. Lee, L. Geng, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThO3.

Wieckowski, M.

Xu, X.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.10.

Yang, J.

L. M. Garth, J. Yang, and J. J. Werner, in International Conference on Communications (1999), Vol. 3, pp. 1531–1536.

Zhong, Q.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.10.

Zuo, T.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.10.

IEEE Trans. Commun. (1)

I. L. Thng, A. Cantoni, and Y. H. Leung, IEEE Trans. Commun. 48, 396 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Other (12)

S. H. Lee, L. Geng, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2011), paper CThO3.

J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2011), paper OThZ3.

J. L. Wei, L. Geng, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (2013), paper OW4A.5.

D. D. Falconer, Bell Laboratories, Tech. Memo (1975).

J. J. Werner, Tutorial on carrierless AM/PM, ANSI X3T9.5 TP/PMD Working Group (1992 and 1993).

W. Y. Chen, G.-H. Im, and J. J. Werner, AT&T and Bellcore contribution to (1992).

L. M. Garth, J. Yang, and J. J. Werner, in International Conference on Communications (1999), Vol. 3, pp. 1531–1536.

A. H. Abdolhamid and D. A. Johns, International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (1998), Vol. 4, 316.

M. I. Olmedo, T. Zuo, J. B. Jensen, Q. Zhong, X. Xu, and I. T. Monroy, Optical Fiber Communication Conference (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5C.10.

A. Ghiasi, IEEE 802.3 Next Generation 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, IEEE 802.3 Next Generation 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Optical Ethernet Study Group Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

J. L. Wei, J. D. Ingham, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, and D. G. Cunningham, IEEE P802.3bm 40 Gb/s and 100 Gb/s Fiber Optic Task Force Interim Meeting (IEEE, 2012).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Hybrid CAP/QAM transmitter/receiver scheme. For comparison, a standard CAP receiver is also shown. The signals from a QAM4 and a CAP4 I channel after the corresponding receiver are plotted.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimental setup for hybrid CAP/QAM transmitter/receiver. The dashed block is only for CAP-4/QAM-4 case. (b) Simulated spectra of the signals at points A and B in (a). For comparison, the simulated spectra of the typical SRRC pulses with roll-off coefficient of 1 are also plotted with dashed lines.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Hybrid CAP-2/QAM-2 eye diagrams. (a)–(c) are simulation results, and (d)–(f) are experimental measurements with time resolution of 20ps/div. (a) and (d) are obtained at point A, as shown in Fig. 2, (b) and (e) are at point D, obtained for optical back-to-back (B2B) case, and (c) and (f) are at point D, by replacing the QAM-2 receiver with a matched filter for the optical B2B case and (f) is from [16].

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER versus average received optical power for hybrid CAP-2/QAM-2. Both optical B2B and transmission through 4.3 km SMF are considered. The inset eye diagrams are obtained at point D shown in Fig. 2 with a time resolution of 20ps/div. For comparison, simulation results for optical B2B are presented.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Eye diagrams for hybrid CAP-4/QAM-4. (a)–(d) are simulation results, and (e)–(h) are experimental measurements with time resolution of 20ps/div. (a) and (e) are obtained at point B, (b) and (f) are obtained at point C. (c), (d), (g), and (h) are the QAM-4 receiver outputs for optical B2B case with (c) and (g) being for the I channel signal, and (d) and (h) being for the Q channel.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER versus average received optical power for 20Gb/s hybrid CAP-4/QAM-4. Both optical B2B and transmission over 4.3 km SMF are considered. The inset eye diagrams are obtained at point D shown in Fig. 2 with a time resolution of 20ps/div.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Eye diagrams for CAP-4 using CAP receiver. (a) and (b) are simulation results (the eye is marked in red), and (c) and (d) are experimental measurements with time resolution of 20ps/div. For the optical B2B case, (a) and (c) are for the I channel matched filter outputs, and (b) and (d) are for Q channel.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

yA(t)=yI(t)+yIQ(t),
yI(t)={kAkg(tkT)cos[ωc(tkT)]}·cos(ωct+θ)g(t)=kAkcos(ωckT+θ)h(tkT)+0.5{kAkg(tkT)cos[ωc(2tkT+θ)]}g(t),
h(t)=0.5[g(t)g(t)],
yIQ(t)=kBksin(ωckT+θ)h(tkT)0.5{kBkg(tkT)sin[ωc(2tkT+θ)]}g(t).
yA(t)k[Akcos(ωckT+θ)+Bksin(ωckT+θ)]h(tkT).
yB(t)k[Bkcos(ωckT+θ)Aksin(ωckT+θ)]h(tkT).
Ak(t)=Re{[yA(t)+j·yB(t)]·ejωckT}kAkh(tkT),
Bk(t)=Im{[yA(t)+j·yB(t)]·ejωckT}kBkh(tkT).
yA(t)kAkcos[ωc(tkT)]h(tkT)kBksin[ωc(tkT)]h(tkT),
yB(t)kBkcos[ωc(tkT)]h(tkT)kAksin[ωc(tkT)]h(tkT).

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