Abstract

A photonic-assisted microwave frequency multiplier (MFM) based on the Kerr shutter is proposed and demonstrated. In this MFM, the nonlinear polarization rotation in the high nonlinear optical fiber is used for the first time to implement the light-controlled optical-carrier-suppressed modulation. The frequency-doubled microwave signal with the frequency up to 144 GHz is generated. The results of the experiment are in accordance with the theoretical prediction.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Federici and L. Moeller, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. J. Seeds and K. J. Williams, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4628 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, and Y.-D. Chung, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959 (2006).
  5. M. Mohmoud, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, Opt. Express 16, 10141 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Pan and J. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 1967 (2010).
  7. Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Wang, H. Chen, M. Chen, J. Zhang, and S. Xie, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 2044 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Li and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Vidal, Opt. Lett. 37, 5055 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, Opt. Express 19, B56 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 37, 5106 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Nagatsuma, S. Horiguchi, Y. Minamikata, Y. Yoshimizu, S. Hisatake, S. Kuwano, Na. Yoshimoto, J. Terada, and H. Takahashi, Opt. Express 21, 23736 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Y. M. Chang, J. Lee, and J. H. Lee, Opt. Express 18, 20072 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).
  17. L. Yin, J. Zhang, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, Opt. Lett. 34, 476 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

B. Vidal, Opt. Lett. 37, 5055 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 37, 5106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (4)

Y. M. Chang, J. Lee, and J. H. Lee, Opt. Express 18, 20072 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Li and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Federici and L. Moeller, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Pan and J. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 1967 (2010).

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2006 (4)

A. J. Seeds and K. J. Williams, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, and Y.-D. Chung, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959 (2006).

Agrawal, G. P.

L. Yin, J. Zhang, P. M. Fauchet, and G. P. Agrawal, Opt. Lett. 34, 476 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Arlunno, V.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Beltran, M.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Caballero, A.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

Chang, Y. M.

Chen, H.

Chen, M.

Chi, N.

Choi, C.-S.

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, and Y.-D. Chung, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959 (2006).

Chung, Y.-D.

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, and Y.-D. Chung, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959 (2006).

Deng, L.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dogadaev, A.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

Fauchet, P. M.

Federici, J.

J. Federici and L. Moeller, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hisatake, S.

Horiguchi, S.

Hosako, I.

Hraimel, B.

Inagaki, K.

Jia, Z.

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kang, Y.-S.

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, and Y.-D. Chung, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959 (2006).

Kanno, A.

Kawanishi, T.

Kitayama, K.

Kuri, T.

Kuwano, S.

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

Li, W.

W. Li and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Liu, D.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Llorente, R.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Minamikata, Y.

Moeller, L.

J. Federici and L. Moeller, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mohmoud, M.

Monroy, I. T.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Morohashi, I.

Nagatsuma, T.

Pan, S.

S. Pan and J. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 1967 (2010).

Pang, X.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rideout, H.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

Seeds, A. J.

Seo, J.-H.

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, and Y.-D. Chung, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959 (2006).

Shao, Y.

Takahashi, H.

Terada, J.

Vidal, B.

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Williams, K. J.

Wu, K.

Xie, S.

Yao, J.

S. Pan and J. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 1967 (2010).

W. Li and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yin, L.

Yoshida, Y.

Yoshimizu, Y.

Yoshimoto, Na.

Yu, J.

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 37, 5106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, X.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Mohmoud, X. Zhang, B. Hraimel, and K. Wu, Opt. Express 16, 10141 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

W. Li and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. J. 2, 954 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

L. Deng, M. Beltran, X. Pang, X. Zhang, V. Arlunno, Y. Zhao, A. Caballero, A. Dogadaev, X. Yu, R. Llorente, D. Liu, and I. T. Monroy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 383 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1726 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

J.-H. Seo, C.-S. Choi, Y.-S. Kang, and Y.-D. Chung, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 959 (2006).

S. Pan and J. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 1967 (2010).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Federici and L. Moeller, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 111101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Kerr shutter schematic diagram. HNLF, high nonlinear fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of microwave frequency doubler using the Kerr shutter. LD, laser diode; PM, phase modulator; MZ-IM, Mach–Zehnder-intensity modulator; EDFA, erbium-doped optical fiber amplifier; WDM filter, wave division multiplexing add-drop thin film filter; HNLF, high nonlinear fiber; OBPF, optical bandpass filter; PC, polarization controller; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Optical spectra and (b) electrical spectra of the SL and PL as the 18 GHz microwave applied on the MZ-IM in the form of the DSB modulation. Red circles s in (a-2) are applied to mark the chirp sidebands. (b-3) is the zoom-in view of (b-2).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical spectra of the (a) SL and (b) PL as the 36 GHz microwave applied on the MZ-IM in the form of the OCS modulation. Red circles and green dots in (b) are applied to mark the chirp sidebands and harmonic-induced sidebands, respectively.

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

nx=nx,1+2n2|Es(t)|2,ny=ny,1+2n2b|Es(t)|2,
Δnx=2n2|Es(t)|2=2n2Ps(t)Aeff,
ΔΦp,x=2πΔnxLeff/λp=πPs(t)/Ps,xπ,
Ps,xπ=Aeffλp4n2Leff,
Δny=2n2b|Es(t)|2=2n2bPs(t)Aeff,
ΔΦp,y=2πΔnyLeff/λp=πPs(t)/Ps,yπ,
Ps,yπ=Aeffλp4n2Leff·1b=Ps,xπ·1b,
[Ep,x(t)Ep,y(t)]=22ejwpt[exp(jπPs(t)Ps,xπ)exp(jπPs(t)Ps,yπ+jφ0)],
Ep,pol(t)=12[exp(jωpt+jπPs(t)Ps,xπ)+exp(jωpt+jbπPs(t)Ps,xπ+jφ0)]=exp[jψ(t)]sin[π(1b)Ps(t)2Ps,xπφ02+π2],
ψ(t)=ωpt+π(1+b)Ps(t)2Ps,xπ+φ02,
Ep,pol(t)=exp[jψ(t)]·n=1J2n1(β)sin(2n1)wmt,
Ep,pol(t)exp[jψ(t)]·J1(β)sinwmt.
I(t)Ep,pol·Ep,pol*=J12(β)cos(2wmt).

Metrics