Abstract

Stimulated Brillouin scattering has attracted renewed interest with the promise of highly tailorable integration into the silicon photonics platform. However, significant Brillouin amplification in silicon waveguides has yet to be shown. In an effort to engineer a structure with large photon–phonon coupling, we analyzed both forward and backward Brillouin scattering in high-index-contrast silicon slot waveguides. The calculations predict that gradient forces enhance the Brillouin gain in narrow slots. We estimate a currently feasible gain of about 105W1m1 in horizontal slot waveguides, which is an order of magnitude larger than in a stand-alone silicon wire. Such efficient coupling could enable a host of Brillouin technologies on a mass-producible silicon chip.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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