Abstract

We present the simulation, implementation, and measurement of a multispectral metamaterial absorber (MSMMA) and show that we can realize a simple absorber structure that operates in the mid-IR and terahertz (THz) bands. By embedding an IR metamaterial absorber layer into a standard THz metamaterial absorber stack, a narrowband resonance is induced at a wavelength of 4.3 μm. This resonance is in addition to the THz metamaterial absorption resonance at 109 μm (2.75 THz). We demonstrate the inherent scalability and versatility of our MSMMA by describing a second device whereby the MM-induced IR absorption peak frequency is tuned by varying the IR absorber geometry. Such a MSMMA could be coupled with a suitable sensor and formed into a focal plane array, enabling multispectral imaging.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 47, 2075 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Fang and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 161 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Aydin, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 254102 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125104 (2009).
  7. B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surfaces (Wiley, 2000).
  8. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. X. L. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Shrekenhamer, C. M. Watts, and W. J. Padilla, Opt. Express 21, 12507 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).
  12. J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, L. B. Lok, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 1524 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Ma, Q. Chen, J. Grant, S. C. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 945 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 3476 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. L. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. R. Zhu, X. P. Zhao, B. Y. Gong, L. H. Liu, and B. Su, Appl. Phys. A 102, 147 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. M. Watts, X. L. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, Op98 (2012).
  18. D. Shrekenhamer, W. Xu, S. Venkatesh, D. Schurig, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 177401 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Grant, I. Escorcia-Carranza, C. Li, I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Gough, and D. R. S. Cumming, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 1043 (2013).
  20. X. P. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. M. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, Opt. Express 19, 9401 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  21. I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Express 21, 19142 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  22. I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Multi-spectral materials: hybridisation of optical plasmonic filters and a terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater., doi: 10.1002/adom.201300408 (to be published).
    [CrossRef]
  23. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Elsevier, 1985), Vol. I.
  24. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Elsevier, 1985), Vol. II.
  25. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Elsevier, 1985), Vol. III.

2013 (3)

2012 (2)

C. M. Watts, X. L. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, Op98 (2012).

D. Shrekenhamer, W. Xu, S. Venkatesh, D. Schurig, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 177401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (7)

X. P. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. M. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, Opt. Express 19, 9401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).

J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, L. B. Lok, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 1524 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, Q. Chen, J. Grant, S. C. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 945 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 3476 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Zhu, X. P. Zhao, B. Y. Gong, L. H. Liu, and B. Su, Appl. Phys. A 102, 147 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

X. L. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125104 (2009).

2008 (1)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 254102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

N. Fang and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 47, 2075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Averitt, R. D.

H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 254102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bingham, C. M.

N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125104 (2009).

Bulu, I.

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 254102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

Cui, T. J.

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cumming, D. R. S.

J. Grant, I. Escorcia-Carranza, C. Li, I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Gough, and D. R. S. Cumming, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 1043 (2013).

I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Express 21, 19142 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, L. B. Lok, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 1524 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, Q. Chen, J. Grant, S. C. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 945 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 3476 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Multi-spectral materials: hybridisation of optical plasmonic filters and a terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater., doi: 10.1002/adom.201300408 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Drysdale, T. D.

I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Express 21, 19142 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Multi-spectral materials: hybridisation of optical plasmonic filters and a terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater., doi: 10.1002/adom.201300408 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Escorcia-Carranza, I.

J. Grant, I. Escorcia-Carranza, C. Li, I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Gough, and D. R. S. Cumming, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 1043 (2013).

Fan, K. B.

H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).

Fang, N.

N. Fang and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gong, B. Y.

W. R. Zhu, X. P. Zhao, B. Y. Gong, L. H. Liu, and B. Su, Appl. Phys. A 102, 147 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gough, J.

J. Grant, I. Escorcia-Carranza, C. Li, I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Gough, and D. R. S. Cumming, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 1043 (2013).

Grant, J.

I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Express 21, 19142 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Grant, I. Escorcia-Carranza, C. Li, I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Gough, and D. R. S. Cumming, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 1043 (2013).

J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, L. B. Lok, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 1524 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Grant, Y. Ma, S. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 3476 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, Q. Chen, J. Grant, S. C. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Lett. 36, 945 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Multi-spectral materials: hybridisation of optical plasmonic filters and a terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater., doi: 10.1002/adom.201300408 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 47, 2075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W. X.

Jokerst, N.

N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125104 (2009).

Jokerst, N. M.

X. L. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kadlec, E. A.

H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).

Khalid, A.

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125104 (2009).

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

J. Grant, I. Escorcia-Carranza, C. Li, I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Gough, and D. R. S. Cumming, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 1043 (2013).

Li, H.

Liu, L. H.

W. R. Zhu, X. P. Zhao, B. Y. Gong, L. H. Liu, and B. Su, Appl. Phys. A 102, 147 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. L.

C. M. Watts, X. L. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, Op98 (2012).

X. L. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lok, L. B.

Ma, H. F.

Ma, Y.

McCrindle, I. J. H.

J. Grant, I. Escorcia-Carranza, C. Li, I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Gough, and D. R. S. Cumming, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 1043 (2013).

I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Express 21, 19142 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. J. H. McCrindle, J. Grant, T. D. Drysdale, and D. R. S. Cumming, “Multi-spectral materials: hybridisation of optical plasmonic filters and a terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Adv. Opt. Mater., doi: 10.1002/adom.201300408 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Munk, B. A.

B. A. Munk, Frequency Selective Surfaces (Wiley, 2000).

Nemat-Nasser, S. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 254102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W. J.

D. Shrekenhamer, C. M. Watts, and W. J. Padilla, Opt. Express 21, 12507 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Watts, X. L. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, Op98 (2012).

D. Shrekenhamer, W. Xu, S. Venkatesh, D. Schurig, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 177401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).

X. L. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125104 (2009).

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Elsevier, 1985), Vol. I.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Elsevier, 1985), Vol. II.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Elsevier, 1985), Vol. III.

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 47, 2075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Robbins, D. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 47, 2075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Saha, S.

Saha, S. C.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

D. Shrekenhamer, W. Xu, S. Venkatesh, D. Schurig, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 177401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shaner, E. A.

H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).

Shen, X. P.

Shrekenhamer, D.

D. Shrekenhamer, C. M. Watts, and W. J. Padilla, Opt. Express 21, 12507 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Shrekenhamer, W. Xu, S. Venkatesh, D. Schurig, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 177401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125104 (2009).

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sonkusale, S.

D. Shrekenhamer, W. Xu, S. Venkatesh, D. Schurig, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 177401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Starr, A. F.

X. L. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, Science 314, 977 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Starr, T.

X. L. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 207403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robbins, and W. J. Stewart, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. 47, 2075 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Strikwerda, A. C.

H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).

Su, B.

W. R. Zhu, X. P. Zhao, B. Y. Gong, L. H. Liu, and B. Su, Appl. Phys. A 102, 147 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tao, H.

H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).

Tyler, T.

X. L. Liu, T. Tyler, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, N. M. Jokerst, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 045901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. B 79, 125104 (2009).

Venkatesh, S.

D. Shrekenhamer, W. Xu, S. Venkatesh, D. Schurig, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 177401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vier, D. C.

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Schultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Watts, C. M.

D. Shrekenhamer, C. M. Watts, and W. J. Padilla, Opt. Express 21, 12507 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Watts, X. L. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, Op98 (2012).

Xu, W.

D. Shrekenhamer, W. Xu, S. Venkatesh, D. Schurig, S. Sonkusale, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 177401 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

H. Tao, E. A. Kadlec, A. C. Strikwerda, K. B. Fan, W. J. Padilla, R. D. Averitt, E. A. Shaner, and X. Zhang, Opt Express 19, 21620 (2011).

N. Fang and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J. M.

Zhao, X. P.

W. R. Zhu, X. P. Zhao, B. Y. Gong, L. H. Liu, and B. Su, Appl. Phys. A 102, 147 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, W. R.

W. R. Zhu, X. P. Zhao, B. Y. Gong, L. H. Liu, and B. Su, Appl. Phys. A 102, 147 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

C. M. Watts, X. L. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, Op98 (2012).

Appl. Phys. A (1)

W. R. Zhu, X. P. Zhao, B. Y. Gong, L. H. Liu, and B. Su, Appl. Phys. A 102, 147 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. Fang and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 254102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theor. Tech. (1)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) 3D schematic of the MSMMA (not to scale), (b) scanning electron microscope image of a single IR ERR, and (c) optical microscope image of the MSMMA.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Experimental and simulated FDTD data of a stand-alone IR absorber, THz absorber, and MSMMA in the IR region (3–10 μm), (b) experimental and simulated FDTD spectral characteristics of a stand-alone THz absorber and MSMMA in the terahertz region (80–200 μm), and (c) experimental spectral absorption of the MSMMA from 2.2 to 212 μm (136–1.4 THz).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Refractive index plot in the xz plane of the MSMMA and simulated FDTD absorption distribution in the xz plane at the three major absorption peaks of (b) 4.63 μm, (c) 7.7 μm, and (d) 109 μm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Experimental spectral absorption characteristics of the IR2 absorber and MSMMA2 absorber in the 2–10 μm wavelength range and (b) absorption spectrum of the MSMMA2 from 2.2 to 240 μm.

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