Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a novel architecture for a W-band integrated optical wireless system, which adopts a 2×2 multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless link based on antenna polarization diversity, and can realize 80 km single-mode fiber-28 transmission and 2 m wireless delivery for up to 39 Gbaud polarization-division-multiplexing quadrature-phase-shift-keying (PDM-QPSK) signal at 100 GHz. Classic constant-modulus-algorithm (CMA) equalization is adopted at the receiver to implement polarization demultiplexing. The 2×2 MIMO wireless link adopts one pair of horizontal-polarization (H-polarization) horn antennas (HAs) and one pair of vertical-polarization (V-polarization) HAs. Because the two pairs of HAs are fully isolated, the wireless cross talk can be effectively avoided. Thus, compared to the 2×2 MIMO wireless link at the same antenna polarization, the adoption of antenna polarization diversity cannot only make the HA adjustment easier but can also reduce the required CMA tap number. After removing 20% forward-error-correction overhead, the 39 Gbaud baud rate corresponds to a net bit rate of 130Gb/s, which, to our best knowledge, is the highest bit rate per PDM channel demonstrated for wireless signal delivery up to now.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (4)

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

A. Leven, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1983 (1)

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-29, 543 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Arlunno, V.

Borkowski, R.

Caballero, A.

Chang, C. H.

Chang, G. K.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 780 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, G. K. Chang, Opt. Lett. 37, 5106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Tao, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, J. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Shao, G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2276 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. W.

Chen, J.

Chi, N.

Chow, C. W.

Deng, L.

Dogadaev, A.

Dong, Z.

Harada, M.

Hirata, A.

Ho, C. H.

Hosako, I.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.B.2.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

Inagaki, K.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

Jiang, W. J.

Kanno, A.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.B.2.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

Karinou, F.

Kawanishi, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Kitayama, K.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Ki-tayama, K. I.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

Kubo, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, K. Kubo, T. Sugihara, K. Onohara, H. Yoshida, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NWC2.

Kuo, F. M.

Kuri, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Lee, W.

Leven, A.

A. Leven, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Li, X.

Li, Y. T.

Lin, C.

Lu, H. H.

Lu, T. H.

Miyata, Y.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, K. Kubo, T. Sugihara, K. Onohara, H. Yoshida, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NWC2.

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, K. Kubo, T. Sugihara, K. Onohara, H. Yoshida, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NWC2.

Morohashi, I.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

Nagatsuma, T.

Ng’oma, A.

Onohara, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, K. Kubo, T. Sugihara, K. Onohara, H. Yoshida, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NWC2.

Pan, C. L.

Pang, X.

Pedersen, J. S.

Peng, P. C.

Roubeau, F.

Sakamoto, T.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

Shao, Y.

Shi, J. W.

Shih, C. L.

Sugihara, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, K. Kubo, T. Sugihara, K. Onohara, H. Yoshida, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NWC2.

Tafur Monroy, I.

Tao, L.

L. Tao, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, J. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Shao, G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2276 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, L. Tao, X. Li, Y. Shao, Opt. Lett. 37, 4050 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Viterbi, A. J.

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-29, 543 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Viterbi, A. M.

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-29, 543 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. H.

Wang, C. Y.

Wei, C. C.

Wu, Y. F.

Yasumura, Y.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Yeh, C. H.

Yoshida, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, K. Kubo, T. Sugihara, K. Onohara, H. Yoshida, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NWC2.

Yoshida, Y.

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.B.2.

Yu, J.

Yu, X.

Zhang, J.

Zhou, X.

Zibar, D.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

L. Tao, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, J. Zhang, X. Li, Y. Shao, G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 2276 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, G. K. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 780 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Leven, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 366 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory (1)

A. J. Viterbi, A. M. Viterbi, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory IT-29, 543 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (5)

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, K. I. Ki-tayama, in Proceedings of the 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper We.10.P1.112.

A. Kanno, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yasumura, Y. Yoshida, K. Kitayama, in Proceedings of the 38th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper We.3.B.2.

NTT Group CSR Report 2011, “The NTT Group’s response to the Great East Japan Earthquake,” http://www.ntt.co.jp/csr_e/2011report/ .

I Recommendation TU-T, “Forward error correction for high bit-rate DWDM submarine system,” (2004), G.975.1.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, K. Kubo, T. Sugihara, K. Onohara, H. Yoshida, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper NWC2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of 2×2 MIMO wireless links: (a) one antenna polarization and (b) antenna polarization diversity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. (a) Optical upconverter, (b) DSP.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Optical spectrum (0.02 nm resolution) after polarization-diversity splitting. (b) Electrical spectrum after analog downconversion. Received Y-polarization constellations: (c) before clock recovery, (d) after clock recovery, (e) after CMA equalization, (f) after FOE, and (g) after CPE.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER versus OSNR for 128Gb/s bit rate.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

BER versus baud rate after 2 m wireless delivery.

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