Abstract

A terbium gallium garnet (TGG) ceramic Faraday rotator (FR) with an isolation ratio of 33 dB was demonstrated at a laser radiation power of 257 W. This FR can be equipped with a large optical aperture by using ceramics technology to prevent laser damage at high-energy pulse operation. The thermal lens of a 257 W laser with a beam diameter of 2.6 mm had a focal length of 9.5 m, which is easily corrected using a spherical lens to suppress the undesirable effects of thermal lensing. The rotation angle of the FR was stabilized by water cooling. The results indicate that the TGG-ceramic-based FR is suitable for high-energy laser systems with high repetition rates.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012 (3)

2011 (4)

2010 (1)

D. S. Zheleznov, V. V. Zelenogorskii, E. V. Katin, I. B. Mukhin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 276 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

R. Yasuhara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, H. Kan, H. Yagi, H. Nozawa, T. Yanagitani, Y. Fujimoto, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, Opt. Express 15, 11255 (2007).
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R. Yasuhara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, H. Kan, H. Yagi, H. Nozawa, T. Yanagitani, Y. Fujimoto, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, Rev. Laser Eng. 35, 806 (2007).

2004 (2)

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Kagan, E. A. Khazanov, Appl. Opt. 43, 6030 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

E. Khazanov, Proc. SPIE 4968, 115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Kagan, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 33, 876 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

X. Chen, R. Galemezuk, B. Salce, B. Lavorel, C. Akir, L. Rajaonah, Solid State Commun. 110, 431 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

R. Wynands, F. Diedrich, D. Meschede, H. R. Telle, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 5586 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Akir, C.

X. Chen, R. Galemezuk, B. Salce, B. Lavorel, C. Akir, L. Rajaonah, Solid State Commun. 110, 431 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Albach, D.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Amin, R. S.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, N.

Andreev, N. F.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Babin, A.

Banerjee, S.

Chanteloup, J.-C.

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

C. Chen, S. M. Zhou, H. Lin, Q. Yi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 131908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, R. Galemezuk, B. Salce, B. Lavorel, C. Akir, L. Rajaonah, Solid State Commun. 110, 431 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Collier, J. L.

Diedrich, F.

R. Wynands, F. Diedrich, D. Meschede, H. R. Telle, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 5586 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ertel, K.

Fujimoto, Y.

Fujita, H.

Furuse, H.

Galemezuk, R.

X. Chen, R. Galemezuk, B. Salce, B. Lavorel, C. Akir, L. Rajaonah, Solid State Commun. 110, 431 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

Ikegawa, T.

Ivanov, I.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Izawa, Y.

Kagan, M. A.

M. A. Kagan, E. A. Khazanov, Appl. Opt. 43, 6030 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Kagan, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 33, 876 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

Kan, H.

Kanabe, T.

Katin, E. V.

D. S. Zheleznov, V. V. Zelenogorskii, E. V. Katin, I. B. Mukhin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 276 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kawanaka, J.

Kawashima, T.

Khazanov, E.

Khazanov, E. A.

I. Snetkov, D. E. Silin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, H. Yoneda, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, Opt. Express 21, 21254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Vyatkin, E. A. Khazanov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 3307 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Zheleznov, V. V. Zelenogorskii, E. V. Katin, I. B. Mukhin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 276 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Kagan, E. A. Khazanov, Appl. Opt. 43, 6030 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Kagan, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 33, 876 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Khazanov, Opt. Lett. 27, 716 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 30, 147 (2000).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Khazanov, Advances in Solid-State Lasers: Development and Applications (INTECH, 2010).

Kinoshita, H.

Kiselev, A.

Kurita, T.

Lavorel, B.

X. Chen, R. Galemezuk, B. Salce, B. Lavorel, C. Akir, L. Rajaonah, Solid State Commun. 110, 431 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

C. Chen, S. M. Zhou, H. Lin, Q. Yi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 131908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, S. M. Zhou, H. Teng, Opt. Mater. 33, 1833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Loeser, M.

Mal’shakov, A. N.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mason, P. D.

Matsumoto, O.

Meschede, D.

R. Wynands, F. Diedrich, D. Meschede, H. R. Telle, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 5586 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mikami, K.

Mironov, E. A.

E. A. Mironov, I. L. Snetkov, A. V. Voitovich, O. V. Palashov, Quantum Electron. 43, 740 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, M.

Miyanaga, N.

Motokoshi, S.

Mueller, G.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mukhin, I.

Mukhin, I. B.

D. S. Zheleznov, V. V. Zelenogorskii, E. V. Katin, I. B. Mukhin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 276 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nagata, Y.

Nakatsuka, M.

Nozawa, H.

Palashov, O.

Palashov, O. V.

I. Snetkov, D. E. Silin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, H. Yoneda, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, A. A. Kaminskii, Opt. Express 21, 21254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Mironov, I. L. Snetkov, A. V. Voitovich, O. V. Palashov, Quantum Electron. 43, 740 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Zheleznov, V. V. Zelenogorskii, E. V. Katin, I. B. Mukhin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 276 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, P. J.

Poteomkin, A. K.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rajaonah, L.

X. Chen, R. Galemezuk, B. Salce, B. Lavorel, C. Akir, L. Rajaonah, Solid State Commun. 110, 431 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reitze, D.

Reitze, D. H.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Salce, B.

X. Chen, R. Galemezuk, B. Salce, B. Lavorel, C. Akir, L. Rajaonah, Solid State Commun. 110, 431 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sekine, T.

Sergeev, A. M.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shaykin, A. A.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

Siebold, M.

Silin, D. E.

Snetkov, I.

Snetkov, I. L.

E. A. Mironov, I. L. Snetkov, A. V. Voitovich, O. V. Palashov, Quantum Electron. 43, 740 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tanner, D. B.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H. R.

R. Wynands, F. Diedrich, D. Meschede, H. R. Telle, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 5586 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Teng, H.

H. Lin, S. M. Zhou, H. Teng, Opt. Mater. 33, 1833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tokita, S.

R. Yasuhara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, H. Kan, H. Yagi, H. Nozawa, T. Yanagitani, Y. Fujimoto, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, Rev. Laser Eng. 35, 806 (2007).

R. Yasuhara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, H. Kan, H. Yagi, H. Nozawa, T. Yanagitani, Y. Fujimoto, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, Opt. Express 15, 11255 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsubakimoto, K.

Ueda, K.

Voitovich, A. V.

E. A. Mironov, I. L. Snetkov, A. V. Voitovich, O. V. Palashov, Quantum Electron. 43, 740 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vyatkin, A. G.

Wynands, R.

R. Wynands, F. Diedrich, D. Meschede, H. R. Telle, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 5586 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

Yanagitani, T.

Yasuhara, R.

Yi, Q.

C. Chen, S. M. Zhou, H. Lin, Q. Yi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 131908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yoneda, H.

Yoshida, H.

Zelenogorskii, V. V.

D. S. Zheleznov, V. V. Zelenogorskii, E. V. Katin, I. B. Mukhin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 276 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zelenogorsky, V. V.

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheleznov, D. S.

D. S. Zheleznov, V. V. Zelenogorskii, E. V. Katin, I. B. Mukhin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 276 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S. M.

C. Chen, S. M. Zhou, H. Lin, Q. Yi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 131908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, S. M. Zhou, H. Teng, Opt. Mater. 33, 1833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Chen, S. M. Zhou, H. Lin, Q. Yi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 131908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. A. Khazanov, N. F. Andreev, A. N. Mal’shakov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, V. V. Zelenogorsky, I. Ivanov, R. S. Amin, G. Mueller, D. B. Tanner, D. H. Reitze, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 1500 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

J.-C. Chanteloup, D. Albach, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

H. Lin, S. M. Zhou, H. Teng, Opt. Mater. 33, 1833 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

E. Khazanov, Proc. SPIE 4968, 115 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (4)

M. A. Kagan, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 33, 876 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 30, 147 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Zheleznov, V. V. Zelenogorskii, E. V. Katin, I. B. Mukhin, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov, Quantum Electron. 40, 276 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Mironov, I. L. Snetkov, A. V. Voitovich, O. V. Palashov, Quantum Electron. 43, 740 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Laser Eng. (1)

R. Yasuhara, S. Tokita, J. Kawanaka, T. Kawashima, H. Kan, H. Yagi, H. Nozawa, T. Yanagitani, Y. Fujimoto, H. Yoshida, M. Nakatsuka, Rev. Laser Eng. 35, 806 (2007).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Wynands, F. Diedrich, D. Meschede, H. R. Telle, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 5586 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

X. Chen, R. Galemezuk, B. Salce, B. Lavorel, C. Akir, L. Rajaonah, Solid State Commun. 110, 431 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. A. Khazanov, Advances in Solid-State Lasers: Development and Applications (INTECH, 2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Cross section of FR based on a TGG ceramic rod.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for thermally induced depolarization measurement in the TGG–ceramic-based FR.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental results of depolarization as a function of laser power. The red and blue circles denote the results for the TGG ceramic with and without a magnet field. Open squares denote the calculated result for the TGG single crystal with 111 crystal orientation, obtained using material parameters from [18]. Solid lines denote the theoretical curves.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Thermal lens power as a function of laser power. Blue circles plot the lens power, and the red squares plot the focal length. Red lines show the fitted curves for the laser power dependence of focal length for two cases that differ in terms of sample length, absorption, and beam diameter. Blue lines show the fitted curves for the laser power dependence of lens power for two cases.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Time dependence of depolarization (blue squares) and Faraday rotation angle (red circles).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

γ=A8(2+3ξ5)2p2,
p=a0QLPlλκ.
1F=a0LPl2πrh2κ[P15(1ξ)Q],

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