Abstract

We demonstrate a compact, thermally reconfigurable reflection suppressor on a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) platform, without reliance on nonreciprocal mechanisms. A reflection suppression ratio of 40 dB is achieved with a footprint of 105 μm in length. The insertion loss of the device is below 0.15 dB, and its total power consumption stays below 20 mW. The operation bandwidth depends on the frequency dependence of the back reflection going into the suppressor, which is predominantly determined by the distance between the device and the source of reflection. In this work, a 20 dB reflection suppression bandwidth of 20.7 GHz was achieved.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  4. M. Tien, T. Mizumoto, P. Pintus, H. Kromer, J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 19, 11740 (2011).
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  7. D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
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2013 (1)

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Tien, T. Mizumoto, P. Pintus, H. Kromer, J. E. Bowers, Opt. Express 19, 11740 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2004 (1)

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Fujita, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, L. Wilkens, H. Dotsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2158 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. Shintaku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1946 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

Atabaki, A. H.

Baets, R.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bhandare, S.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bi, L.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

Dionne, G. F.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Doerr, C. R.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dotsch, H.

J. Fujita, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, L. Wilkens, H. Dotsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2158 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eftekhar, A. A.

Eich, M.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fan, L.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, J.

J. Fujita, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, L. Wilkens, H. Dotsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2158 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, S. K.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jalas, D.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, P.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. H.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kromer, H.

Levy, M.

J. Fujita, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, L. Wilkens, H. Dotsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2158 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Melloni, A.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mizumoto, T.

Niu, B.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Noe, R.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

J. Fujita, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, L. Wilkens, H. Dotsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2158 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, A.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pintus, P.

Popovic, M.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Qi, M.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Renner, H.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ross, C. A.

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sandel, D.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shah Hosseini, E.

Shen, H.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shintaku, T.

T. Shintaku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1946 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tien, M.

Vanwolleghem, M.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Varghese, L. T.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wilkens, L.

J. Fujita, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, L. Wilkens, H. Dotsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2158 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xuan, Y.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yegnanarayanan, S.

Yu, Z.

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Shintaku, Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1946 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Fujita, M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, L. Wilkens, H. Dotsch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2158 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

S. K. Ibrahim, S. Bhandare, D. Sandel, H. Zhang, R. Noe, Electron. Lett. 40, 1293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

D. Jalas, A. Petrov, M. Eich, W. Freude, S. Fan, Z. Yu, R. Baets, M. Popovic, A. Melloni, J. D. Joannopoulos, M. Vanwolleghem, C. R. Doerr, H. Renner, Nat. Photonics 7, 579 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Bi, J. Hu, P. Jiang, D. H. Kim, G. F. Dionne, L. C. Kimerling, C. A. Ross, Nat. Photonics 5, 758 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Science (1)

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of the proposed reflection suppressor. (b) Simulation results for the magnitude of the input port reflection coefficient as a function of ϕ and κ2, when 10% of the output power is reflected with ϕloop+ϕRT+ϕr=π/2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) SEM image of the tunable loop mirror. The device is 105 μm long. (b) Optical micrograph of the fabricated device with microheaters and contact pads. (c) Measured power at the tap output at 1550 nm as a function of the voltages applied to the tunable coupler and the phase shifter. The reflection hits the noise level (40dB) at Vκ=2.16V and Vϕ=1.4V. (d) Blue, dashed curve: measured power at the tap output versus the laser wavelength when Vκ=2.16V and Vϕ=1.4V. The 20 dB suppression bandwidth is 20.7GHz. The red (full) curve is the noise level, and the green (dotted) curve is the power at the tap output when both voltages are zero.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Simulation results for the 20 dB suppression bandwidth as a function of the power reflection coefficient at the output port with Ng=4.2 and L=0.5mm. (b) Simulation results for the 20 dB suppression bandwidth as a function of L when 30% of the output power is reflected. The curve shifts upward for lower levels of reflection. Both axes are in logarithmic scale.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

r=ejϕloop[2jκt+sRTr(t2κ2)2ej(2ϕ+ϕRT+ϕloop)1+2jκtsRTrej(2ϕ+ϕRT+ϕloop)],
sRTr=2jκtej(2ϕ+ϕRT+ϕloop),
2κ1κ2=|r|,
ϕ=mπ+π4ϕloop+ϕRT+ϕr2,
κ2=4γ2(1γ2)cos2(ϕMZI2),
Δfx-dB=c4πLNgΔϕx-dB=cπLNgsin1(1R2R10x/10110x/10),

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