Abstract

Two-dimensional arrays of split ring resonators for near-infrared frequencies are embedded in a liquid crystal (LC) and the influences of LC alignment, temperature, and electric fields on the resonance frequencies are studied. The results show that tunability can not only be achieved by influencing the state of polarization of the incident radiation, but also by direct interaction of the evanescent field of the resonant modes with the LC. Depending on the LC alignment, the field-induced shift of the resonance frequency is found to vary for different excited modes. Some guidelines for the design of tunable frequency selective metasurfaces can be deduced from these experimental results.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
  5. F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, D. Gaillot, X. Zhao, J. Zhou, D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104 (2008).
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  6. F. Zhang, L. Kang, Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, X. Zhao, D. Lippens, Opt. Express 17, 4360 (2009).
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  8. F. Zhang, W. Zhang, Q. Zhao, J. Sun, K. Qiu, J. Zhou, D. Lippens, Opt. Express 19, 1563 (2011).
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  11. O. Buchnev, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Kaczmarek, N. I. Zheludev, V. A. Fedotov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 141904 (2013).
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    [Crossref]
  14. F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, D. Gaillot, X. Zhao, D. Lippens, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1920 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. Chen, J. Yeh, L. Chen, Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 5, 224 (2011).
  16. M. Olifierczuk, R. Kowerdziej, L. Jaroszewicz, M. Czerwinski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 739 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  18. J. Woo, E. Choi, B. Kang, E. Kim, J. Kim, Y. Lee, T. Hong, J. Kim, I. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Wu, Opt. Express 20, 15440 (2012).
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    [Crossref]
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  22. I. Dozov, D. N. Stoenescu, S. Lamarque-Forget, Ph. Martinot-Lagarde, E. Polossat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4124 (2000).
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  23. G. W. Gray, K. J. Harrison, J. A. Nash, Electron. Lett. 9, 130 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  24. C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  25. C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, H. Giessen, Opt. Express 14, 8827 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  26. M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

2013 (3)

2012 (5)

G. Pawlik, K. Tarnowski, W. Walasik, A. Mitus, I. Khoo, Opt. Lett. 37, 1847 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Olifierczuk, R. Kowerdziej, L. Jaroszewicz, M. Czerwinski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 739 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, B. Salski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 827 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Woo, E. Choi, B. Kang, E. Kim, J. Kim, Y. Lee, T. Hong, J. Kim, I. Lee, Y. Lee, J. Wu, Opt. Express 20, 15440 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Vieweg, N. Born, I. Al-Naib, M. Koch, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves 33, 327 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, W. Zhang, J. Sun, J. Zhou, D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 134103 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Kang, J. Woo, E. Choi, H. Lee, E. Kim, J. Kim, T. Hwang, Y. Park, D. Kim, J. Wu, Opt. Express 18, 16492 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

S. Xiao, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. Khoo, V. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, L. Kang, Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, X. Zhao, D. Lippens, Opt. Express 17, 4360 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, D. Gaillot, X. Zhao, J. Zhou, D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Bossard, X. Liang, L. Li, S. Yun, D. Werner, B. Weiner, T. Mayer, P. Cristman, A. Diaz, I. Khoo, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1308 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, D. Gaillot, X. Zhao, D. Lippens, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1920 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, X. Liang, B. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011112 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, H. Giessen, Opt. Express 14, 8827 (2006).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

I. Dozov, D. N. Stoenescu, S. Lamarque-Forget, Ph. Martinot-Lagarde, E. Polossat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4124 (2000).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

G. W. Gray, K. J. Harrison, J. A. Nash, Electron. Lett. 9, 130 (1973).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

V. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).
[Crossref]

Al-Naib, I.

N. Vieweg, N. Born, I. Al-Naib, M. Koch, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves 33, 327 (2012).
[Crossref]

Born, N.

N. Vieweg, N. Born, I. Al-Naib, M. Koch, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves 33, 327 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bossard, J.

J. Bossard, X. Liang, L. Li, S. Yun, D. Werner, B. Weiner, T. Mayer, P. Cristman, A. Diaz, I. Khoo, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1308 (2008).
[Crossref]

Buchnev, O.

O. Buchnev, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Kaczmarek, N. I. Zheludev, V. A. Fedotov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 141904 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Buchnev, J. Y. Ou, M. Kaczmarek, N. Zheludev, V. Fedotov, Opt. Express 21, 1633 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, V. Shalaev, Optical Metamaterials, (Springer, 2010).

Chen, J.

J. Chen, J. Yeh, L. Chen, Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 5, 224 (2011).

Chen, L.

J. Chen, J. Yeh, L. Chen, Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 5, 224 (2011).

Chettiar, U.

S. Xiao, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. Khoo, V. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chigrin, D.

M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 21, 8879 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

Choi, E.

Cristman, P.

J. Bossard, X. Liang, L. Li, S. Yun, D. Werner, B. Weiner, T. Mayer, P. Cristman, A. Diaz, I. Khoo, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1308 (2008).
[Crossref]

Czerwinski, M.

M. Olifierczuk, R. Kowerdziej, L. Jaroszewicz, M. Czerwinski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 739 (2012).
[Crossref]

Decker, M.

M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 21, 8879 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

Diaz, A.

J. Bossard, X. Liang, L. Li, S. Yun, D. Werner, B. Weiner, T. Mayer, P. Cristman, A. Diaz, I. Khoo, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1308 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dozov, I.

I. Dozov, D. N. Stoenescu, S. Lamarque-Forget, Ph. Martinot-Lagarde, E. Polossat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4124 (2000).
[Crossref]

Drachev, V.

S. Xiao, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. Khoo, V. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).
[Crossref]

Du, B.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, X. Liang, B. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Etrich, C.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, H. Giessen, Opt. Express 14, 8827 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fedotov, V.

Fedotov, V. A.

O. Buchnev, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Kaczmarek, N. I. Zheludev, V. A. Fedotov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 141904 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gaillot, D.

F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, D. Gaillot, X. Zhao, J. Zhou, D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, D. Gaillot, X. Zhao, D. Lippens, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1920 (2008).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, H. Giessen, Opt. Express 14, 8827 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gray, G. W.

G. W. Gray, K. J. Harrison, J. A. Nash, Electron. Lett. 9, 130 (1973).
[Crossref]

Guo, H.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
[Crossref]

Harrison, K. J.

G. W. Gray, K. J. Harrison, J. A. Nash, Electron. Lett. 9, 130 (1973).
[Crossref]

Hong, T.

Hwang, T.

Jagadish, C.

M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 21, 8879 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

Jaroszewicz, L.

M. Olifierczuk, R. Kowerdziej, L. Jaroszewicz, M. Czerwinski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 739 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kaczmarek, M.

O. Buchnev, J. Y. Ou, M. Kaczmarek, N. Zheludev, V. Fedotov, Opt. Express 21, 1633 (2013).
[Crossref]

O. Buchnev, J. Wallauer, M. Walther, M. Kaczmarek, N. I. Zheludev, V. A. Fedotov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 141904 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kang, B.

Kang, L.

F. Zhang, L. Kang, Q. Zhao, J. Zhou, X. Zhao, D. Lippens, Opt. Express 17, 4360 (2009).
[Crossref]

F. Zhang, Q. Zhao, L. Kang, D. Gaillot, X. Zhao, J. Zhou, D. Lippens, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 193104 (2008).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, X. Liang, B. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Khoo, I.

G. Pawlik, K. Tarnowski, W. Walasik, A. Mitus, I. Khoo, Opt. Lett. 37, 1847 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Xiao, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. Khoo, V. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Bossard, X. Liang, L. Li, S. Yun, D. Werner, B. Weiner, T. Mayer, P. Cristman, A. Diaz, I. Khoo, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1308 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kildishev, A.

S. Xiao, U. Chettiar, A. Kildishev, V. Drachev, I. Khoo, V. Shalaev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 033115 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.

Kim, E.

Kim, J.

Kitzerow, H.-S.

H.-S. Kitzerow, in Handbook of Liquid Crystals, J. W. Goodby, P. J. Collings, H. Gleeson, T. Kato, P. Raynes, K. Tschierske, eds. (Wiley-VCH, 2014), Vol. 8, Chap. 13, pp. 373–426.

Kivshar, Y. S.

M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 21, 8879 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

Koch, M.

N. Vieweg, N. Born, I. Al-Naib, M. Koch, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves 33, 327 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kowerdziej, R.

M. Olifierczuk, R. Kowerdziej, L. Jaroszewicz, M. Czerwinski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 739 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, B. Salski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 827 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kremers, C.

M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 21, 8879 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

Kuhl, J.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, H. Giessen, Opt. Express 14, 8827 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lamarque-Forget, S.

I. Dozov, D. N. Stoenescu, S. Lamarque-Forget, Ph. Martinot-Lagarde, E. Polossat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4124 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lederer, F.

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, H. Giessen, Opt. Express 14, 8827 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.

Lee, I.

Lee, Y.

Li, B.

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, X. Liang, B. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

J. Bossard, X. Liang, L. Li, S. Yun, D. Werner, B. Weiner, T. Mayer, P. Cristman, A. Diaz, I. Khoo, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1308 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

J. Bossard, X. Liang, L. Li, S. Yun, D. Werner, B. Weiner, T. Mayer, P. Cristman, A. Diaz, I. Khoo, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1308 (2008).
[Crossref]

Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, X. Liang, B. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011112 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lippens, D.

Liu, N.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
[Crossref]

Loa, I.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
[Crossref]

Martinot-Lagarde, Ph.

I. Dozov, D. N. Stoenescu, S. Lamarque-Forget, Ph. Martinot-Lagarde, E. Polossat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4124 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mayer, T.

J. Bossard, X. Liang, L. Li, S. Yun, D. Werner, B. Weiner, T. Mayer, P. Cristman, A. Diaz, I. Khoo, IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 56, 1308 (2008).
[Crossref]

Minovich, A.

M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 21, 8879 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 21, 8879 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

Mitus, A.

Nash, J. A.

G. W. Gray, K. J. Harrison, J. A. Nash, Electron. Lett. 9, 130 (1973).
[Crossref]

Neshev, D. N.

M. Decker, C. Kremers, A. Minovich, I. Staude, A. E. Miroshnichenko, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Express 21, 8879 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

Olifierczuk, M.

M. Olifierczuk, R. Kowerdziej, L. Jaroszewicz, M. Czerwinski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 739 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, B. Salski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 827 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ou, J. Y.

Park, Y.

Parka, J.

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, B. Salski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 827 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Olifierczuk, R. Kowerdziej, L. Jaroszewicz, M. Czerwinski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 739 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pawlik, G.

Polossat, E.

I. Dozov, D. N. Stoenescu, S. Lamarque-Forget, Ph. Martinot-Lagarde, E. Polossat, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 4124 (2000).
[Crossref]

Qiu, K.

Rockstuhl, C.

C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).
[Crossref]

C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, C. Etrich, T. Zentgraf, J. Kuhl, H. Giessen, Opt. Express 14, 8827 (2006).
[Crossref]

Salski, B.

R. Kowerdziej, M. Olifierczuk, B. Salski, J. Parka, Liq. Cryst. 39, 827 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shalaev, V.

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Q. Zhao, L. Kang, B. Du, B. Li, J. Zhou, H. Tang, X. Liang, B. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 011112 (2007).
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J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves (1)

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Other (3)

H.-S. Kitzerow, in Handbook of Liquid Crystals, J. W. Goodby, P. J. Collings, H. Gleeson, T. Kato, P. Raynes, K. Tschierske, eds. (Wiley-VCH, 2014), Vol. 8, Chap. 13, pp. 373–426.

M. Decker, A. Minovich, C. Kremers, A. E. Miroshnichenko, H. H. Tan, D. Chigrin, D. N. Neshev, C. Jagadish, Y. S. Kivshar, in Metamaterials: the Sixth International Congress on Advanced Electromagnetic Materials in Microwaves and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia (2012), p. 813.

W. Cai, V. Shalaev, Optical Metamaterials, (Springer, 2010).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Infrared transmission spectra. Solid line (blue): substrate with gold SRRs in air. Dotted line (green): the same SRRs covered with an alignment layer (glymo). Dashed line (red): the latter structure is embedded in a LC. (a) x-polarized transmission [E horizontal]. (b) y-polarized transmission [E vertical]. The inset in diagram (a) shows the coordinate system (x, y, z) defined with respect to the SRR orientation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Infrared transmission spectra of a substrate embedded in a LC cell. Blue lines: no applied voltage. Red lines: applied voltage of 5 V. Left side: transmission with y-polarized [E vertical] incident radiation (minimum at ν˜3). Right side: transmission with x-polarized [E horizontal] incident radiation (minimum at ν˜2).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Shift of the resonance frequency (ν˜2 ν˜3) and (b) measured effective dielectric permittivity (derived from interference patterns) for near-infrared radiation versus voltage. Diamonds (blue): LC director at 0 V parallel to the polarization plane (scale to the left). Squares (red): LC director at 0 V perpendicular to the polarization plane (scale to the right). The quasi-static electric field is always perpendicular to the substrate (along the direction of light propagation). The arrow links the graphs to the corresponding scale.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Resonance Peak Frequencies ν˜2 and ν˜3 for Different Measurement Conditionsa

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