Abstract

The optimal physical conditions of single-longitudinal-mode (SLM) operation for continuous-wave all-solid-state lasers with high output powers are investigated theoretically and experimentally. The dependence of the operation conditions on the linear and nonlinear intracavity losses of the laser is numerically calculated. The theoretical analysis is demonstrated by the experimental measurements on a home-made Nd:YVO4 laser. The stable SLM output up to 33.7 W with optical–optical conversion efficiency of 44.9% at 1064 nm wavelength is recorded for over 7 h. The experimental results are in good agreement with the theoretical expectation.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

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Q. Liu, J. Liu, Y. Jiao, J. Feng, K. Zhang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054205 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, F. Li, Y. Wang, K. Zhang, K. Peng, Opt. Commun. 283, 309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

K. M. Murdoch, D. A. Clubley, M. J. Snadden, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 24, S389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. Greenstein, M. Rosenbluh, Opt. Commun. 248, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001

1997

1996

1994

K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2950 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bell, D. S.

E. Cheng, D. R. Dudley, W. L. Nighan, J. D. Kafka, D. E. Spence, D. S. Bell, “Lasers with low doped gain medium,” U.S. patent6,185,235 (February6, 2001).

Bohn, J. L.

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Braxmaier, C.

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chelkowski, S.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D. Y.

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, E.

E. Cheng, D. R. Dudley, W. L. Nighan, J. D. Kafka, D. E. Spence, D. S. Bell, “Lasers with low doped gain medium,” U.S. patent6,185,235 (February6, 2001).

Clarkson, W. A.

Clubley, D. A.

K. M. Murdoch, D. A. Clubley, M. J. Snadden, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Danzmann, K.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, D.

Dudley, D. R.

E. Cheng, D. R. Dudley, W. L. Nighan, J. D. Kafka, D. E. Spence, D. S. Bell, “Lasers with low doped gain medium,” U.S. patent6,185,235 (February6, 2001).

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J.

Q. Liu, J. Liu, Y. Jiao, J. Feng, K. Zhang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054205 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Franzen, A.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gobler, S.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Greenstein, S.

S. Greenstein, M. Rosenbluh, Opt. Commun. 248, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hage, B.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Jiao, Y.

Q. Liu, J. Liu, Y. Jiao, J. Feng, K. Zhang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054205 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jin, D. S.

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kafka, J. D.

E. Cheng, D. R. Dudley, W. L. Nighan, J. D. Kafka, D. E. Spence, D. S. Bell, “Lasers with low doped gain medium,” U.S. patent6,185,235 (February6, 2001).

Kato, K.

K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2950 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1999), p. 91.

Kovalchuk, E. V.

Lastzka, N.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Y. Zheng, F. Li, Y. Wang, K. Zhang, K. Peng, Opt. Commun. 283, 309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. D.

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Q. Liu, J. Liu, Y. Jiao, J. Feng, K. Zhang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054205 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, J. Liu, Y. Jiao, J. Feng, K. Zhang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054205 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

Lvovsky, A. I.

Ma, Y. F.

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Martin, K. I.

Mehmet, M.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Miranda, M. H. G.

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mlynek, J.

Murdoch, K. M.

K. M. Murdoch, D. A. Clubley, M. J. Snadden, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Neyenhuis, B.

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ni, K.-K.

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nighan, W. L.

E. Cheng, D. R. Dudley, W. L. Nighan, J. D. Kafka, D. E. Spence, D. S. Bell, “Lasers with low doped gain medium,” U.S. patent6,185,235 (February6, 2001).

Ospelkaus, S.

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, K.

W. Wang, H. Lu, J. Su, K. Peng, Appl. Opt. 52, 2279 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, F. Li, Y. Wang, K. Zhang, K. Peng, Opt. Commun. 283, 309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peters, A.

Quemener, G.

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rosenbluh, M.

S. Greenstein, M. Rosenbluh, Opt. Commun. 248, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

Schnabel, R.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Snadden, M. J.

K. M. Murdoch, D. A. Clubley, M. J. Snadden, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spence, D. E.

E. Cheng, D. R. Dudley, W. L. Nighan, J. D. Kafka, D. E. Spence, D. S. Bell, “Lasers with low doped gain medium,” U.S. patent6,185,235 (February6, 2001).

Su, J.

Vahlbruch, H.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Wang, Y.

Y. Zheng, F. Li, Y. Wang, K. Zhang, K. Peng, Opt. Commun. 283, 309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Willke, B.

B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 24, S389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yan, R. P.

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, K.

Q. Liu, J. Liu, Y. Jiao, J. Feng, K. Zhang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054205 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zheng, F. Li, Y. Wang, K. Zhang, K. Peng, Opt. Commun. 283, 309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

Y. Zheng, F. Li, Y. Wang, K. Zhang, K. Peng, Opt. Commun. 283, 309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Chin. Phys. Lett.

Q. Liu, J. Liu, Y. Jiao, J. Feng, K. Zhang, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 054205 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Classical Quantum Gravity

B. Willke, Classical Quantum Gravity 24, S389 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Y. Fan, R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Kato, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2950 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

D. Y. Chen, X. D. Li, Y. Zhang, X. Yu, F. Chen, R. P. Yan, Y. F. Ma, C. Wang, Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 46 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature

K.-K. Ni, S. Ospelkaus, D. Wang, G. Quemener, B. Neyenhuis, M. H. G. Miranda, J. L. Bohn, J. Ye, D. S. Jin, Nature 464, 1324 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

Y. Zheng, F. Li, Y. Wang, K. Zhang, K. Peng, Opt. Commun. 283, 309 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Greenstein, M. Rosenbluh, Opt. Commun. 248, 241 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

H. Vahlbruch, M. Mehmet, S. Chelkowski, B. Hage, A. Franzen, N. Lastzka, S. Gobler, K. Danzmann, R. Schnabel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 033602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

K. M. Murdoch, D. A. Clubley, M. J. Snadden, Proc. SPIE 7193, 71930 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

Coherent, “Mephisto/Mephisto-S,” http://www.coherent.com/Products/index.cfm?2064/Mephisto-Mephisto-S .

E. Cheng, D. R. Dudley, W. L. Nighan, J. D. Kafka, D. E. Spence, D. S. Bell, “Lasers with low doped gain medium,” U.S. patent6,185,235 (February6, 2001).

W. Koechner, Solid State Laser Engineering (Springer, 1999), p. 91.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dependence of nonlinear loss ϵ0 on linear loss α0 for the criterion condition of SLM operation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser output power (P) as a function of the transmission (t) of the output coupler for different K.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic of the single-end LD-pumped laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Longitudinal-mode structure of the laser (a) without and (b) with the nonlinear crystal LBO (Pp=75W).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output power of 1064 nm versus the temperature of the LBO.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured M2 values and the spatial beam profile for a 1064 nm laser.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Gi2g0(λi,1)l=11+2S(λi)S0(λi,1)α(λi)2ε(λi,λj,γ)S(λi)S0(λi,1)=0,
Gj2g0(λj,1)l=11+2S(λi)S0(λi,1)α(λj)4ε(λi,λj,γ)S(λi)S0(λi,1)<0,
122sinc2(1.392γ)<α0(α0ε0)2+4ε0(α0+ε0),
gl=t+L+ϵ,
g=g01+SS0.
ϵ=KS.
P=A·t·S,
ϵ0=ϵsinc2[(2λfdnzdTλsdnydT)ΔTl2],

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