Abstract

By incorporating two linearly chirped ultrabroadband fiber Bragg gratings of opposite dispersion in an all-fiber ring laser, we demonstrate a mode-locking regime in which a femtosecond pulse evolving in the normal dispersion gain segment is locally transformed into a highly chirped picosecond pulse that propagates in the remaining section of the cavity. By minimizing nonlinear effects and avoiding soliton pulse shaping in this anomalous-dispersion section, low repetition rate fiber lasers can be made to produce high-energy ultrashort pulses. Using this approach, 98 fs pulses with 0.96 nJ of energy are obtained from an erbium-doped fiber laser operated in the highly anomalous dispersion regime at a repetition rate of 9.4 MHz.

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References

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2011

R. Gumenyuk, I. Vartiainen, H. Tuovinen, S. Kivistö, Y. Chamorovskiy, and O. G. Okhotnikov, Appl. Opt. 50, 797 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 523 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 799 (2006).

A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, Opt. Express 14, 10095 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Albert, V. Couderc, L. Lefort, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

1991

Albert, A.

A. Albert, V. Couderc, L. Lefort, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barthélémy, A.

A. Albert, V. Couderc, L. Lefort, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baumgartl, M.

M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 523 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Bernier, M.

Buckley, J.

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chamorovskiy, Y.

Cho, G. C.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

Chong, A.

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Couderc, V.

A. Albert, V. Couderc, L. Lefort, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 799 (2006).

Dong, L.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

Duan, K.

El-Damak, A. R.

Feng, Y.

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, Opt. Lett. 20, 172 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Hofer, M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. H. Ober, and A. J. Schmidt, Opt. Lett. 16, 502 (1991).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, Ultrafast Lasers: Technology and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 2002), Vol. 80.

Galvanauskas, A.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, Ultrafast Lasers: Technology and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 2002), Vol. 80.

Gu, X.

Gumenyuk, R.

Haberl, F.

Hartl, I.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

Haus, H. A.

Hofer, M.

Hu, X.

Ilday, F. Ö.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

Ippen, E. P.

Kim, K.

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 799 (2006).

Kivistö, S.

Lee, S.

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 799 (2006).

Lefort, L.

A. Albert, V. Couderc, L. Lefort, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

Limpert, J.

M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 523 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortaç, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 15, 16794 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

Liu, H.

Liu, X.

Nelson, L. E.

Ober, M. H.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

Oktem, B.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, M.

Ortaç, B.

M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 523 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortaç, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 15, 16794 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Piché, M.

Plötner, M.

Renninger, W.

Renninger, W. H.

Schmidt, A. J.

Schreiber, T.

M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 523 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D.

Sheng, Y.

Sucha, G.

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, Ultrafast Lasers: Technology and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 2002), Vol. 80.

Sugden, K.

Sui, Z.

Tamura, K.

Tünnermann, A.

M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 523 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortaç, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 15, 16794 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tuovinen, H.

Ülgüdür, C.

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, R.

Vartiainen, I.

Wang, H.

Wang, Y.

Wise, F. W.

Yang, Z.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, T.

Zhang, W.

Zhao, W.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 104, 523 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Albert, V. Couderc, L. Lefort, and A. Barthélémy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 416 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, K. Kim, and P. J. Delfyett, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 799 (2006).

Laser Photon. Rev.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 58 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

B. Oktem, C. Ülgüdür, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nat. Photonics 4, 307 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. E. Fermann, A. Galvanauskas, and G. Sucha, Ultrafast Lasers: Technology and Applications (Marcel Dekker, 2002), Vol. 80.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, L. Dong, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the laser cavity. WDM/ISO, wavelength division multiplexer and isolator hybrid; 50/50 OC and 90/10 OC, 50% and 10% rejection port output couplers; CIRC, circulator; CFBG, chirped fiber Bragg grating; PC, polarization controller; POL, polarizer; EDF, erbium-doped fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Top, conceptual model of the ring cavity. Bottom, simulated evolution of the temporal and spectral widths (FWHM, sum of x and y components).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simulated optical spectrum and temporal intensity profile for two positions in the laser: (I) after the EDF; (II) after the NPE system.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Left, measured (black solid curve) and numerically simulated (gray dashed curve) optical spectrum and autocorrelation trace of the dechirped pulse at output I. Right, measured (black solid curve) and numerically simulated (gray dashed curve) optical spectrum and temporal profile of the highly chirped pulse at output II.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured (black solid curve) and numerically simulated (gray dashed curve) optical spectrum and autocorrelation trace of the dechirped pulse at output I. The inset shows the simulated temporal profile of the dechirped pulse.

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