Abstract

In this Letter, we report on the first integrated four-port polarizing beam splitter. The device operates on the principle of mode evolution and was implemented in a silicon-on-insulator silicon photonics platform and fabricated on a 300 mm CMOS line using 193 nm optical immersion lithography. The adiabatic transition forming of the structure enabled over a 150 nm bandwidth from λ1350 to λ1500nm, achieving a cross-talk level below 10dB over the entire band.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (5)

2012 (1)

2011 (4)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

J. C. Matthews, A. Politi, A. Stefanov, and J. L. O’Brien, Nat. Photonics 3, 346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B.-K. Yang, S.-Y. Shin, and D. Zhang, Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).

2007 (3)

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Kok, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, D. V. Thourhout, and R. Baets, Opt. Lett. 32, 2801 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2002 (1)

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Adam, T. N.

Asghari, M.

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, Nat. Photonics 5, 268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baehr-Jones, T.

Baets, R.

Barwicz, T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Sacher, T. Barwicz, and J. K. Poon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2013, paper CTu3F.3.

Bogaerts, W.

Borkar, S.

S. Borkar and A. A. Chien, Commun. ACM 54, 67 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

Bradley, J. D. B.

Buhl, L. L.

Chen, L.

Chen, Y.-K.

Chien, A. A.

S. Borkar and A. A. Chien, Commun. ACM 54, 67 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Coolbaugh, D.

D’Ambrosio, V.

Dai, D.

J. Wang, D. Liang, Y. Tang, D. Dai, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Lett. 38, 4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang and D. Dai, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2013, paper OTh4I.1.

Davids, P. S.

DeRose, C. T.

Ding, Y.

Doerr, C. R.

Dong, P.

Dowling, J. P.

P. Kok, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

Fink, Y.

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, M.

Fukuda, H.

Galland, C.

Haus, H. A.

Hochberg, M.

Hosseini, E. S.

Ibanescu, M.

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 30, 967 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Itabashi, S.

Joannopoulos, J.

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S.

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kok, P.

P. Kok, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J. A.

D. H. Staelin, A. W. Morgenthaler, and J. A. Kong, Electromagnetic Waves (Prentice-Hall, 1994).

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, Nat. Photonics 5, 268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leake, G.

Lentine, A. L.

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in Proceedings of Fifth IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 46, pp. 46.

Liang, D.

Lim, A. E.-J.

Lo, G.-Q.

Marrucci, L.

Matthews, J. C.

J. C. Matthews, A. Politi, A. Stefanov, and J. L. O’Brien, Nat. Photonics 3, 346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Milburn, G. J.

P. Kok, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morgenthaler, A. W.

D. H. Staelin, A. W. Morgenthaler, and J. A. Kong, Electromagnetic Waves (Prentice-Hall, 1994).

Nemoto, K.

P. Kok, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. L.

J. C. Matthews, A. Politi, A. Stefanov, and J. L. O’Brien, Nat. Photonics 3, 346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ou, H.

Peucheret, C.

Piccirillo, B.

Politi, A.

J. C. Matthews, A. Politi, A. Stefanov, and J. L. O’Brien, Nat. Photonics 3, 346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Poon, J. K.

W. Sacher, T. Barwicz, and J. K. Poon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2013, paper CTu3F.3.

Popovic, M. A.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Purnawirman,

Rakich, P. T.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ralph, T. C.

P. Kok, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sacher, W.

W. Sacher, T. Barwicz, and J. K. Poon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2013, paper CTu3F.3.

Santamato, E.

Shin, S.-Y.

B.-K. Yang, S.-Y. Shin, and D. Zhang, Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).

Shinojima, H.

Skorobogatiy, M.

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Slussarenko, S.

Smith, H. I.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Socci, L.

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Staelin, D. H.

D. H. Staelin, A. W. Morgenthaler, and J. A. Kong, Electromagnetic Waves (Prentice-Hall, 1994).

Starbuck, A. L.

Stefanov, A.

J. C. Matthews, A. Politi, A. Stefanov, and J. L. O’Brien, Nat. Photonics 3, 346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Tang, Y.

Thourhout, D. V.

Timurdogan, E.

J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, A. Yaacobi, E. S. Hosseini, and M. R. Watts, Nature 493, 195 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Trotter, D. C.

C. T. DeRose, D. C. Trotter, W. A. Zortman, A. L. Starbuck, M. Fisher, M. R. Watts, and P. S. Davids, Opt. Express 19, 24897 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in Proceedings of Fifth IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 46, pp. 46.

Tsuchizawa, T.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, D. Liang, Y. Tang, D. Dai, and J. E. Bowers, Opt. Lett. 38, 4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang and D. Dai, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2013, paper OTh4I.1.

Watanabe, T.

Watts, M. R.

Purnawirman, J. Sun, T. N. Adam, G. Leake, D. Coolbaugh, J. D. B. Bradley, E. S. Hosseini, and M. R. Watts, Opt. Lett. 38, 1760 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, A. Yaacobi, E. S. Hosseini, and M. R. Watts, Nature 493, 195 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. T. DeRose, D. C. Trotter, W. A. Zortman, A. L. Starbuck, M. Fisher, M. R. Watts, and P. S. Davids, Opt. Express 19, 24897 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, Opt. Lett. 30, 967 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts and H. A. Haus, Opt. Lett. 30, 138 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in Proceedings of Fifth IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 46, pp. 46.

Weisberg, O.

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

Yaacobi, A.

J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, A. Yaacobi, E. S. Hosseini, and M. R. Watts, Nature 493, 195 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K.

Yang, B.-K.

B.-K. Yang, S.-Y. Shin, and D. Zhang, Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).

Yang, S.

Young, R. W.

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in Proceedings of Fifth IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 46, pp. 46.

Zhang, D.

B.-K. Yang, S.-Y. Shin, and D. Zhang, Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).

Zhang, Y.

Zortman, W. A.

Commun. ACM (1)

S. Borkar and A. A. Chien, Commun. ACM 54, 67 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (3)

J. C. Matthews, A. Politi, A. Stefanov, and J. L. O’Brien, Nat. Photonics 3, 346 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Asghari and A. V. Krishnamoorthy, Nat. Photonics 5, 268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Barwicz, M. R. Watts, M. A. Popović, P. T. Rakich, L. Socci, F. X. Kärtner, E. P. Ippen, and H. I. Smith, Nat. Photonics 1, 57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

J. Sun, E. Timurdogan, A. Yaacobi, E. S. Hosseini, and M. R. Watts, Nature 493, 195 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

B.-K. Yang, S.-Y. Shin, and D. Zhang, Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 432 (2009).

Phys. Rev. E (1)

S. Johnson, M. Ibanescu, M. Skorobogatiy, O. Weisberg, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066611 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

P. Kok, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, Rev. Mod. Phys. 79, 135 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

D. H. Staelin, A. W. Morgenthaler, and J. A. Kong, Electromagnetic Waves (Prentice-Hall, 1994).

J. Wang and D. Dai, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2013, paper OTh4I.1.

W. Sacher, T. Barwicz, and J. K. Poon, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2013, paper CTu3F.3.

M. R. Watts, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, in Proceedings of Fifth IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2008), Vol. 46, pp. 46.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) For comparison, the operation of a traditional free-space PBS cube is shown alongside a proposed integrated PBS (b). Note: the TE/TM polarization convention is inverted on-chip compared to the free-space case.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Different waveguide shapes and their corresponding effective indices for TM and TE modes solved at a wavelength of 1440 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Schematic of the full PBS. L1=L3=500μm. L2=200μm. (b) Cross-sectional scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the device within L1 region. (c) Eigen-modes profiles for corresponding cross sections (dotted lines) of the device in order of effective indices. (d) Eigen-modes effective indices evolutions from the beginning of the L1 part to the end of L3 part for wavelength of 1440 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmission spectra of the designed PBS for (a) TE-input polarization and (b) TM-input polarization from different input ports to different output ports.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

κmn(z)=ω4δβAem*(x,y,z)·en(x,y,z)ddzε(z)dA,
Pm(z)2|κ¯δβ¯|2[1cos(δβ¯z)],
n^·(D¯1D¯2)=0
Δn¯=n¯4em*·em·Δεdxdy,
Δn¯TE=n¯4(εcεcl)E2[(εcεcl)H·ΔW+W·ΔH],
Δn¯TM=n¯4(εcεcl)E2[(εcεcl)W·ΔH+H·ΔW],

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