Abstract

A simple photonic approach to implementing an ultra-wideband microwave phase shifter based on an erbium–ytterbium (Er/Yb) co-doped linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating (LCFBG) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The LCFBG is designed to have a constant magnitude response over a reflection band, and a phase response that is linear and nonlinear in two sections in the reflection band. When an optical single-sideband with carrier (OSSB+C) signal is sent to the LCFBG, by locating the optical carrier at the section corresponding to the nonlinear phase response and the sideband at the section corresponding to the linear phase response, a phase shift is introduced to the optical carrier, which is then translated to the microwave signal by beating the optical carrier and the sideband at a photodetector. The tuning of the phase shift is realized by optically pumping the Er/Yb co-doped LCFBG by a 980-nm laser diode. The proposed ultra-wideband microwave photonic phase shifter is experimentally demonstrated. A phase shifter with a full 360° phase shift with a bandwidth from 10 to 40 GHz is experimentally demonstrated.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (1)

W. Liu, W. Li, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1107 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, Opt. Express 20, 14009 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Attygalle and D. Stepanov, Opt. Express 20, 18025 (2012).

2009 (2)

2007 (2)

A. B. Ustinov, G. Srinivasan, and B. A. Kalinikos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031913 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Dong, H. He, and W. Hu, Opt. Lett. 32, 745 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Loayssa and F. J. Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

Y. Liu, J. P. Yao, X. Dong, and J. Yang, Opt. Eng. 41, 740 (2002).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

J. F. Coward, T. K. Yee, C. H. Chalfant, and P. H. Chang, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2201 (1993).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

H. Jacobs and M. M. Chrepta, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 22, 411 (1974).

Attygalle, M.

Bernier, M.

Capmany, J.

Chalfant, C. H.

J. F. Coward, T. K. Yee, C. H. Chalfant, and P. H. Chang, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2201 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chang, I.-C.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Chang, P. H.

J. F. Coward, T. K. Yee, C. H. Chalfant, and P. H. Chang, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2201 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y.-L.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Chrepta, M. M.

H. Jacobs and M. M. Chrepta, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 22, 411 (1974).

Chuang, S. L.

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[Crossref]

Coward, J. F.

J. F. Coward, T. K. Yee, C. H. Chalfant, and P. H. Chang, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2201 (1993).
[Crossref]

Date, S.

A. Yamagashi, M. Ishikawa, T. Tsukahara, and S. Date, CICC Digest of Technical Papers (1995), p. 319.

Davis, M. K.

Digonnet, M. J.

Dong, X.

Y. Liu, J. P. Yao, X. Dong, and J. Yang, Opt. Eng. 41, 740 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y.

Fisher, M. R.

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[Crossref]

He, H.

Hsieh, Y.-K.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Hsiung, W.-H.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Hsu, Y. A.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Hu, W.

Huang, T.-W.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Huang, T.-Y.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Ishikawa, M.

A. Yamagashi, M. Ishikawa, T. Tsukahara, and S. Date, CICC Digest of Technical Papers (1995), p. 319.

Jacobs, H.

H. Jacobs and M. M. Chrepta, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 22, 411 (1974).

Kalinikos, B. A.

A. B. Ustinov, G. Srinivasan, and B. A. Kalinikos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031913 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kao, K.-Y.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Kuo, J.-L.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Lahoz, F. J.

A. Loayssa and F. J. Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lauzon, J.

Li, W.

W. Liu, W. Li, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, K.-Y.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Lin, Y.-C.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Liu, W.

W. Liu, W. Li, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1107 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, J. P. Yao, X. Dong, and J. Yang, Opt. Eng. 41, 740 (2002).
[Crossref]

Loayssa, A.

A. Loayssa and F. J. Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.-C.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Lu, L.-H.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Lu, Y.-F.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Martin, J.

Mørk, J.

Ouellette, F.

Pantell, R.

Peng, P.-J.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Sales, S.

Shahoei, H.

Sheng, Y.

Srinivasan, G.

A. B. Ustinov, G. Srinivasan, and B. A. Kalinikos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031913 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, D.

Thibault, S.

Tsai, T.-C.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Tsukahara, T.

A. Yamagashi, M. Ishikawa, T. Tsukahara, and S. Date, CICC Digest of Technical Papers (1995), p. 319.

Ustinov, A. B.

A. B. Ustinov, G. Srinivasan, and B. A. Kalinikos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031913 (2007).
[Crossref]

Vallée, R.

Wang, H.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Wang, J.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Wu, R.-B.

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

Xue, W.

Yamagashi, A.

A. Yamagashi, M. Ishikawa, T. Tsukahara, and S. Date, CICC Digest of Technical Papers (1995), p. 319.

Yang, J.

Y. Liu, J. P. Yao, X. Dong, and J. Yang, Opt. Eng. 41, 740 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yao, J. P.

W. Liu, W. Li, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1107 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, Opt. Express 20, 14009 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, J. P. Yao, X. Dong, and J. Yang, Opt. Eng. 41, 740 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yee, T. K.

J. F. Coward, T. K. Yee, C. H. Chalfant, and P. H. Chang, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2201 (1993).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. B. Ustinov, G. Srinivasan, and B. A. Kalinikos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031913 (2007).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

M. R. Fisher and S. L. Chuang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1714 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Loayssa and F. J. Lahoz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 208 (2006).
[Crossref]

W. Liu, W. Li, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 1107 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (2)

J.-L. Kuo, Y.-F. Lu, T.-Y. Huang, Y.-L. Chang, Y.-K. Hsieh, P.-J. Peng, I.-C. Chang, T.-C. Tsai, K.-Y. Kao, W.-H. Hsiung, J. Wang, Y. A. Hsu, K.-Y. Lin, H.-C. Lu, Y.-C. Lin, L.-H. Lu, T.-W. Huang, R.-B. Wu, and H. Wang, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 60, 743 (2012).

H. Jacobs and M. M. Chrepta, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 22, 411 (1974).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. F. Coward, T. K. Yee, C. H. Chalfant, and P. H. Chang, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 2201 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. K. Davis, M. J. Digonnet, and R. Pantell, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1013 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Y. Liu, J. P. Yao, X. Dong, and J. Yang, Opt. Eng. 41, 740 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

A. Yamagashi, M. Ishikawa, T. Tsukahara, and S. Date, CICC Digest of Technical Papers (1995), p. 319.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the proposed ultra-wideband 360° microwave photonic phase shifter. TLS, tunable laser source; PC, polarization controller; RF, radio frequency; ONF, optical notch filter; PD, photodetector; LCFBG, linearly chirped fiber Bragg grating.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Principle of the proposed phase shifter based on an Er/Yb co-doped LCFBG.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Reflection spectrum of the LCFBG when pumped with different pumping powers. The spectrum of the OSSB+C signal is also shown. (b) Corresponding phase response of the LCFBG.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Experimentally generated phase shift over a frequency range of 10 to 40 GHz. (b) Relative power change of the phase-shifted microwave signal for different phase shifts.

Equations (1)

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Δn(z)=Re{[nm(z)+δ(z)]2exp{j[2πzΛ(z)+ϕg(z)]}},

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