Abstract

We propose a particle-microcavity scheme for efficient optical trapping and sensing. When a resonant plasmonic nanoparticle (NP) is placed inside a microcavity with high Q-factor, sensitivity is enhanced in the far-field extinction while near-field around the NP is barely affected. Stable near-field and high sensitivity for optical trapping and ultrasensitive detection of nanosized targets are therefore realized simultaneously. Such a particle-microcavity system opens up a new hybrid nanophotonic device platform that combines the unique merits of conventional and plasmonic integrated photonics.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (1)

M. A. Schmidt, D. Y. Lei, L. Wondraczek, V. Nazabal, and S. A. Maier, Nat. Commun. 3, 1108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Huang, D. Wilding, J. D. Speed, A. E. Russell, P. N. Bartlett, and J. J. Baumberg, Nano Lett. 11, 1221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Motsch, M. Zeppenfeld, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, New J. Phys. 12, 063022 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Y. Harada and T. Asakura, Opt. Commun. 124, 529 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. P. Dowling, Found. Phys. 23, 895 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1946 (1)

E. M. Purcell, Phys. Rev. 69, 37 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Ameling, R.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, S.

Asakura, T.

Y. Harada and T. Asakura, Opt. Commun. 124, 529 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

Bartlett, P. N.

F. M. Huang, D. Wilding, J. D. Speed, A. E. Russell, P. N. Bartlett, and J. J. Baumberg, Nano Lett. 11, 1221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J. J.

F. M. Huang, D. Wilding, J. D. Speed, A. E. Russell, P. N. Bartlett, and J. J. Baumberg, Nano Lett. 11, 1221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Braun, P. V.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dowling, J. P.

J. P. Dowling, Found. Phys. 23, 895 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Giessen, H.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gu, F. X.

Halas, N. J.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hall, W. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Harada, Y.

Y. Harada and T. Asakura, Opt. Commun. 124, 529 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ho, H. P.

Holler, S.

Huang, F. M.

F. M. Huang, D. Wilding, J. D. Speed, A. E. Russell, P. N. Bartlett, and J. J. Baumberg, Nano Lett. 11, 1221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Juan, M. L.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Keng, D.

Kong, S. K.

Lal, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Langguth, L.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Law, W. C.

Lei, D. Y.

M. A. Schmidt, D. Y. Lei, L. Wondraczek, V. Nazabal, and S. A. Maier, Nat. Commun. 3, 1108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

Link, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lyandres, O.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

M. A. Schmidt, D. Y. Lei, L. Wondraczek, V. Nazabal, and S. A. Maier, Nat. Commun. 3, 1108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J. F.

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mesch, M.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Motsch, M.

M. Motsch, M. Zeppenfeld, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, New J. Phys. 12, 063022 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nazabal, V.

M. A. Schmidt, D. Y. Lei, L. Wondraczek, V. Nazabal, and S. A. Maier, Nat. Commun. 3, 1108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pinkse, P. W. H.

M. Motsch, M. Zeppenfeld, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, New J. Phys. 12, 063022 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Purcell, E. M.

E. M. Purcell, Phys. Rev. 69, 37 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rempe, G.

M. Motsch, M. Zeppenfeld, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, New J. Phys. 12, 063022 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Righini, M.

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Russell, A. E.

F. M. Huang, D. Wilding, J. D. Speed, A. E. Russell, P. N. Bartlett, and J. J. Baumberg, Nano Lett. 11, 1221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Santschi, C.

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, M. A.

M. A. Schmidt, D. Y. Lei, L. Wondraczek, V. Nazabal, and S. A. Maier, Nat. Commun. 3, 1108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shah, N. C.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shopova, S. I.

Speed, J. D.

F. M. Huang, D. Wilding, J. D. Speed, A. E. Russell, P. N. Bartlett, and J. J. Baumberg, Nano Lett. 11, 1221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L. M.

Van Duyne, R. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vollmer, F.

Wilding, D.

F. M. Huang, D. Wilding, J. D. Speed, A. E. Russell, P. N. Bartlett, and J. J. Baumberg, Nano Lett. 11, 1221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

M. A. Schmidt, D. Y. Lei, L. Wondraczek, V. Nazabal, and S. A. Maier, Nat. Commun. 3, 1108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. Y.

Zeng, H. P.

Zeppenfeld, M.

M. Motsch, M. Zeppenfeld, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, New J. Phys. 12, 063022 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, S. L.

Zurawsky, W.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2071 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Found. Phys. (1)

J. P. Dowling, Found. Phys. 23, 895 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

W. Zhang, L. Huang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, Nano Lett. 10, 1006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Huang, D. Wilding, J. D. Speed, A. E. Russell, P. N. Bartlett, and J. J. Baumberg, Nano Lett. 11, 1221 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun. (1)

M. A. Schmidt, D. Y. Lei, L. Wondraczek, V. Nazabal, and S. A. Maier, Nat. Commun. 3, 1108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, Nat. Photonics 1, 641 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Juan, M. Righini, and R. Quidant, Nat. Photonics 5, 349 (2011).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Motsch, M. Zeppenfeld, P. W. H. Pinkse, and G. Rempe, New J. Phys. 12, 063022 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Harada and T. Asakura, Opt. Commun. 124, 529 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. (1)

E. M. Purcell, Phys. Rev. 69, 37 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Lumerical Solutions: http://www.lumerical.com .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the hybrid ST-NP configuration. The microring has a height of 180 nm, a gap width of 120 nm, and an outer and inner radii of 0.9 and 0.5 μm, respectively. The silver ST-NP has a radius of 25 nm. The incident cone of light is used for dark-field spectroscopy.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Extinction spectra of the C + ST-NP + NP and C + ST-NP systems with the dressing ring index n=2.0. (b) Extinction spectra of the ST-NP and ST-NP + NP systems; inset shows the ST-NP’s near-field distribution in the equatorial plane parallel with the substrate.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Evolution of extinction spectra of the C + ST-NP + NP and C + ST-NP systems with the refractive index of the dressing ring (a) 1.9; (b) 1.8; (c) 1.7; and (d) near-field amplitude of the C + ST-NP system (data recorded by the point monitor).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Resonance spectra and mode profiles from a cross section of the ring when the refractive index of the ring is (a) 2, and (b) 1.9. (c) Extinction variation ΔI calculated from simulation (black) and analysis (red), with values of Q/V factors and neff for rings with different refractive indices also listed as (Q/V, neff). (d) Local-field distribution pattern at the middle section of C + ST-NP and C + ST-NP + NP systems.

Equations (1)

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Fgrad=14αE2,

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