Abstract

Adiabatic soliton spectral compression in a dispersion-increasing fiber (DIF) with a linear dispersion ramp is studied both numerically and experimentally. The anticipated maximum spectral compression ratio (SCR) would be limited by the ratio of the DIF output to the input dispersion values. However, our numerical analyses indicate that SCR greater than the DIF dispersion ratio is feasible, provided the input pulse duration is shorter than a threshold value along with adequate pulse energy control. Experimentally, a SCR of 28.6 is achieved in a 1 km DIF with a dispersion ratio of 22.5.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

J.-L. Peng, H. Ahn, R.-H. Shu, H.-C. Chui, and J. W. Nicholson, Appl. Phys. B 86, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

2002

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 74, 191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

1995

W. L. Kath and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

1978

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Ahn, H.

J.-L. Peng, H. Ahn, R.-H. Shu, H.-C. Chui, and J. W. Nicholson, Appl. Phys. B 86, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andresen, E. R.

Baltuška, A.

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Buck, J. A.

Chuang, H.-P.

Chui, H.-C.

J.-L. Peng, H. Ahn, R.-H. Shu, H.-C. Chui, and J. W. Nicholson, Appl. Phys. B 86, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Courjaud, A.

Deguil-Robin, N.

Dudley, J. M.

Fedotov, A. B.

Fedotov, I. V.

Fernandez, A.

Finot, C.

Fragnito, H. L.

Gabler, T.

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 74, 191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

Hopfel, R. A.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-B.

Itoh, K.

Ivanov, A. A.

Kath, W. L.

W. L. Kath and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S. R.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Lin, C.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Manek-Hönninger, I.

Mottay, E.

Nakazawa, M.

Nicholson, J. W.

J.-L. Peng, H. Ahn, R.-H. Shu, H.-C. Chui, and J. W. Nicholson, Appl. Phys. B 86, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, N.

Oberthaler, M.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Oron, D.

Ozeki, Y.

Peng, J.-L.

J.-L. Peng, H. Ahn, R.-H. Shu, H.-C. Chui, and J. W. Nicholson, Appl. Phys. B 86, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pires Mansur, N. L.

Planas, S. A.

Pugžlys, A.

Ralph, S. E.

Rigneault, H.

Röser, F.

Salin, F.

Schreiber, T.

Serebryannikov, E. E.

Shu, R.-H.

J.-L. Peng, H. Ahn, R.-H. Shu, H.-C. Chui, and J. W. Nicholson, Appl. Phys. B 86, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A.

Smyth, N. F.

W. L. Kath and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, K.

Tamura, K. R.

Thøgersen, J.

Tünnermann, A.

Voronin, A. A.

Washburn, B. R.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).

Zellmer, H.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zhu, L.

Appl. Phys. B

J. Limpert, T. Gabler, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 74, 191 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Peng, H. Ahn, R.-H. Shu, H.-C. Chui, and J. W. Nicholson, Appl. Phys. B 86, 49 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

R. H. Stolen and C. Lin, Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

W. L. Kath and N. F. Smyth, Phys. Rev. E 51, 1484 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Spectral evolutions of 240 fs sech pulse within the DIF with input soliton of order (a) N=1 and (b) N=1.43, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectral evolutions of 112 fs sech pulse within the DIF with soliton orders of (a) N=1 and (b) N=0.92, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spectral compression ratio as a function of soliton order for 240 fs (dotted line), 118.5 fs (dashed line), and 112 fs (solid line) input sech pulses, respectively. The dashed–dotted line indicates the DIF dispersion ratio 22.5.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Schematics of the experimental setup. MLFL, mode-locked fiber laser; DCF, dispersion-compensating fiber; ATT, optical attenuator; PM, power meter; SP, splicing point; IA, intensity autocorrelator; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer. (b) Mode-locked laser power spectrum. (c) Waveform intensities of the MLFL and the sech waveform of same FWHM duration.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Normalized experimental and calculated DIF output spectra. A SCR of 28.6 is obtained. (b) The DIF input and output spectra without normalization.

Equations (1)

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S=4πcλ3β2(z)+(2πcλ2)2β3(z).

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