Abstract

A thin-film terahertz polarizer is proposed and realized via a tunable bilayer metal wire-grid structure to achieve high extinction ratios and good transmission. The polarizer is fabricated on top of a thin silica layer by standard micro-fabrication techniques to eliminate the multireflection effects. The tunable alignment of the bilayer aluminum-wire grid structure enables tailoring of the extinction ratio and transmission characteristics. Using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS), a fabricated polarizer is characterized, with extinction ratios greater than 50 dB and transmission losses below 1 dB reported in the 0.2–1.1 THz frequency range. These characteristics can be improved by further tuning the polarizer parameters such as the pitch, metal film thickness, and lateral displacement.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (3)

B. S.-Y. Ung, B. Weng, R. Shepherd, D. Abbott, and C. Fumeaux, Opt. Mater. Express 3, 1242 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Yan, C. Yu, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 34, 489 (2013).

Z. Huang, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 81 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (6)

A. Partanen, J. Väyrynen, S. Hassinen, H. Tuovinen, J. Mutanen, T. Itkonen, P. Silfsten, P. Pääkkönen, M. Kuittinen, K. Mönkkönen, and T. Venäläinen, Appl. Opt. 51, 8360 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, Z. Huang, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Siemion, A. Siemion, M. Makowski, J. Suszek, J. Bomba, A. Czerwiński, F. Garet, J.-L. Coutaz, and M. Sypek, Opt. Lett. 37, 4320 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Deng, J. H. Teng, L. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Liu, X. H. Zhang, and S. J. Chua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Ren, C. L. Pint, T. Arikawa, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. H. Hauge, and J. Kono, Nano Lett. 12, 787 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Cetnar, J. R. Middendorf, and E. R. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231912 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (7)

2010 (2)

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, Laser Photon. Rev. 43, 124 (2010).

S. C. Saha, Y. Ma, J. P. Grant, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, Opt. Express 18, 12168 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

C.-F. Hsieh, Y.-C. Lai, R.-P. Pan, and C.-L. Pan, Opt. Lett. 33, 1174 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. A. Zeitler, P. F. Taday, D. A. Newnham, M. Pepper, K. C. Gordon, and T. Rades, J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 59, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Abbott, D.

Arikawa, T.

L. Ren, C. L. Pint, T. Arikawa, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. H. Hauge, and J. Kono, Nano Lett. 12, 787 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Averitt, R.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baughman, R. H.

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Berry, C. W.

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves 33, 127 (2011).

Bingham, C.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bomba, J.

Brown, E. R.

J. S. Cetnar, J. R. Middendorf, and E. R. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231912 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cetnar, J. S.

J. S. Cetnar, J. R. Middendorf, and E. R. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231912 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chan, H. P.

Z. Huang, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 81 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, Z. Huang, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chua, S. J.

L. Y. Deng, J. H. Teng, L. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Liu, X. H. Zhang, and S. J. Chua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cooke, D. G.

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, Laser Photon. Rev. 43, 124 (2010).

Coutaz, J.-L.

Cumming, D. R. S.

Cundiff, S. T.

Czerwinski, A.

David, C.

Deng, L. Y.

L. Y. Deng, J. H. Teng, L. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Liu, X. H. Zhang, and S. J. Chua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ekinci, Y.

Fan, K.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fumeaux, C.

Gallot, G.

Garet, F.

Gordon, K. C.

J. A. Zeitler, P. F. Taday, D. A. Newnham, M. Pepper, K. C. Gordon, and T. Rades, J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 59, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grant, J. P.

Hangyo, M.

Hassinen, S.

Hauge, R. H.

L. Ren, C. L. Pint, T. Arikawa, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. H. Hauge, and J. Kono, Nano Lett. 12, 787 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, C.-F.

Huang, Z.

Z. Huang, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 81 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, Z. Huang, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ichii, A.

Itkonen, T.

Jang, E. Y.

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jarrahi, M.

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves 33, 127 (2011).

Jepsen, P. U.

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, Laser Photon. Rev. 43, 124 (2010).

Johnston, M. B.

M. B. Johnston and J. Lloyd-Hughes, in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, J. A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2013), pp. 254–255.

Jördens, C.

Kawayama, I.

L. Ren, C. L. Pint, T. Arikawa, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. H. Hauge, and J. Kono, Nano Lett. 12, 787 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Khalid, A.

Kim, D.-S.

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. H.

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koch, M.

Kono, J.

L. Ren, C. L. Pint, T. Arikawa, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. H. Hauge, and J. Kono, Nano Lett. 12, 787 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuittinen, M.

Kyoung, J.

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y.-C.

Landy, N.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lepró, X.

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lima, M. D.

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

L. Y. Deng, J. H. Teng, L. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Liu, X. H. Zhang, and S. J. Chua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lloyd-Hughes, J.

M. B. Johnston and J. Lloyd-Hughes, in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, J. A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2013), pp. 254–255.

Ma, Y.

Makowski, M.

Middendorf, J. R.

J. S. Cetnar, J. R. Middendorf, and E. R. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231912 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mönkkönen, K.

Morimoto, I.

Mutanen, J.

Newnham, D. A.

J. A. Zeitler, P. F. Taday, D. A. Newnham, M. Pepper, K. C. Gordon, and T. Rades, J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 59, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oyama, S.

Pääkkönen, P.

Padilla, W.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C.-L.

Pan, R.-P.

Park, H.

Z. Huang, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 81 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Yan, C. Yu, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 34, 489 (2013).

H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, Z. Huang, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-R.

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Parrott, E. P. J.

F. Yan, C. Yu, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 34, 489 (2013).

Z. Huang, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 81 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, Z. Huang, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Partanen, A.

Pepper, M.

J. A. Zeitler, P. F. Taday, D. A. Newnham, M. Pepper, K. C. Gordon, and T. Rades, J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 59, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pickwell, E.

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, J. Phys. D 39, R301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pickwell-MacPherson, E.

F. Yan, C. Yu, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 34, 489 (2013).

Z. Huang, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 81 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, Z. Huang, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pilon, D.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pint, C. L.

L. Ren, C. L. Pint, T. Arikawa, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. H. Hauge, and J. Kono, Nano Lett. 12, 787 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rades, T.

J. A. Zeitler, P. F. Taday, D. A. Newnham, M. Pepper, K. C. Gordon, and T. Rades, J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 59, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ren, L.

L. Ren, C. L. Pint, T. Arikawa, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. H. Hauge, and J. Kono, Nano Lett. 12, 787 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Robles, R. O.

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Saha, S. C.

Saito, M.

Scheller, M.

Scherger, B.

Shepherd, R.

Shiraishi, K.

Shrekenhamer, D.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Siemion, A.

Sigg, H.

Silfsten, P.

Solak, H. H.

Strikwerda, A.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Suszek, J.

Sypek, M.

Taday, P. F.

J. A. Zeitler, P. F. Taday, D. A. Newnham, M. Pepper, K. C. Gordon, and T. Rades, J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 59, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takano, K.

Takeya, K.

L. Ren, C. L. Pint, T. Arikawa, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. H. Hauge, and J. Kono, Nano Lett. 12, 787 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tao, H.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Teng, J. H.

L. Y. Deng, J. H. Teng, L. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Liu, X. H. Zhang, and S. J. Chua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tonouchi, M.

L. Ren, C. L. Pint, T. Arikawa, K. Takeya, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, R. H. Hauge, and J. Kono, Nano Lett. 12, 787 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, C. S.

Tuovinen, H.

Ung, B. S.-Y.

Väyrynen, J.

Venäläinen, T.

Vieweg, N.

Wallace, V. P.

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, J. Phys. D 39, R301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, W.

Weng, B.

Wojdyla, A.

Wu, Q. Y.

L. Y. Deng, J. H. Teng, L. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Liu, X. H. Zhang, and S. J. Chua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, I.

Yan, F.

F. Yan, C. Yu, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 34, 489 (2013).

Yokoyama, H.

Yu, C.

F. Yan, C. Yu, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 34, 489 (2013).

Zeitler, J. A.

J. A. Zeitler, P. F. Taday, D. A. Newnham, M. Pepper, K. C. Gordon, and T. Rades, J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 59, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

L. Y. Deng, J. H. Teng, L. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Liu, X. H. Zhang, and S. J. Chua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. H.

L. Y. Deng, J. H. Teng, L. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Liu, X. H. Zhang, and S. J. Chua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. Y. Deng, J. H. Teng, L. Zhang, Q. Y. Wu, H. Liu, X. H. Zhang, and S. J. Chua, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 011101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Cetnar, J. R. Middendorf, and E. R. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231912 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, Z. Huang, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 121108 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Huang, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, H. P. Chan, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 81 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves (1)

F. Yan, C. Yu, H. Park, E. P. J. Parrott, and E. Pickwell-MacPherson, J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves 34, 489 (2013).

J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves (1)

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, J. Infrared Millim. Terahz. Waves 33, 127 (2011).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Pharm. Pharmacol. (1)

J. A. Zeitler, P. F. Taday, D. A. Newnham, M. Pepper, K. C. Gordon, and T. Rades, J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 59, 209 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, J. Phys. D 39, R301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

P. U. Jepsen, D. G. Cooke, and M. Koch, Laser Photon. Rev. 43, 124 (2010).

Nano Lett. (2)

J. Kyoung, E. Y. Jang, M. D. Lima, H.-R. Park, R. O. Robles, X. Lepró, Y. H. Kim, R. H. Baughman, and D.-S. Kim, Nano Lett. 11, 4227 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Tao, C. Bingham, A. Strikwerda, D. Pilon, D. Shrekenhamer, N. Landy, K. Fan, X. Zhang, W. Padilla, and R. Averitt, Phys. Rev. B 78, 241103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. B. Johnston and J. Lloyd-Hughes, in Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging, K.-E. Peiponen, J. A. Zeitler, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, eds. (Springer-Verlag, 2013), pp. 254–255.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) The schematic diagram of the proposed terahertz BLP. (b) Microscope image of the bilayer Al grid for the fabricated BLP (top view).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Time-domain data for the terahertz reference (red solid line), TM transmitted wave (blue dashed–dotted line), and TE transmitted wave (black thin solid line). (b) Extinction ratio (gray dots and black solid line) and system SNR (red dashed–dotted line). (c) TM transmission loss.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Extinction ratio and transmission loss change with (a) the pitch size, (b) with metal grid thickness, and (c) normalized displacement (i.e., a measure of the lateral shift).

Equations (1)

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Dnormal=2dP,

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