Abstract

A compact silicon-on-insulator device used for conversions between polarization division multiplexing (PDM) and mode division multiplexing (MDM) signals is proposed and experimentally demonstrated by utilizing a structure combining the improved two-dimensional grating coupler and two-mode multiplexer. The detailed design of the proposed device is presented and the results show the extinction ratio of 16 and 20 dB for X- and Y-pol input, respectively. The processing of 40Gb/s signal is achieved within the C-band with good performance. The proposed converter is capable of handling multiple wavelengths in wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) networks, enabling the conversions between WDM–PDM and WDM–MDM, which is promising to further increase the throughput at the network interface.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
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D. Dai and S. He, Opt. Lett. 31, 1988 (2006).
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D. Taillaert, C. Harold, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
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1998 (1)

1982 (1)

Aroca, R.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

D. Taillaert, C. Harold, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baeyens, Y.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 762 (2011).
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Berdagué, S.

Berrettini, G.

A. Malacarne, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2G.2.

Besse, P. A.

Bogoni, A.

A. Malacarne, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2G.2.

Borel, P. I.

D. Taillaert, C. Harold, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Chen, Y. K.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chujo, W.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Quantum Information, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WM5.

Da Ros, F.

Dadap, J. I.

Dai, D.

De La Rue, R. M.

D. Taillaert, C. Harold, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Driscoll, J. B.

Eckner, J.

Facq, P.

Frandsen, L. H.

D. Taillaert, C. Harold, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gamper, E.

Grote, R. R.

Harold, C.

D. Taillaert, C. Harold, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Hu, T.

Huang, B.

Ishizaka, Y.

Itabashi, S.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, G.

Jiang, X.

Kawaguchi, Y.

Koshiba, M.

Kou, R.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

Li, Z.

Liu, X.

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M.

Malacarne, A.

A. Malacarne, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2G.2.

Melchior, H.

Meloni, G.

A. Malacarne, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2G.2.

Nishi, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

Ou, H.

Ozeki, T.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Quantum Information, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WM5.

Peucheret, C.

Poti, L.

A. Malacarne, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2G.2.

Qin, Y.

L. Xiang, Y. Yu, Y. Qin, J. Zou, B. Zou, and X. Zhang, Opt Lett. 38, 2379 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, H.

Saitoh, K.

Shao, H.

Shi, Y.

Shinojima, H.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.

R. Soref, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electon. 12, 1678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sotobayashi, H.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Quantum Information, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WM5.

Souhan, B.

Sungbong, P.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

D. Taillaert, C. Harold, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Uematsu, T.

Wang, J.

Wang, P.

Watanabe, T.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, L.

L. Xiang, Y. Yu, Y. Qin, J. Zou, B. Zou, and X. Zhang, Opt Lett. 38, 2379 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

Xing, J.

Xu, J.

Yamada, K.

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Yu, H.

Yu, J.

Yu, P.

Yu, Y.

J. Xing, Z. Li, X. Xiao, J. Yu, and Y. Yu, Opt. Lett. 38, 3468 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Xiang, Y. Yu, Y. Qin, J. Zou, B. Zou, and X. Zhang, Opt Lett. 38, 2379 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

L. Xiang, Y. Yu, Y. Qin, J. Zou, B. Zou, and X. Zhang, Opt Lett. 38, 2379 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zou, B.

L. Xiang, Y. Yu, Y. Qin, J. Zou, B. Zou, and X. Zhang, Opt Lett. 38, 2379 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zou, J.

L. Xiang, Y. Yu, Y. Qin, J. Zou, B. Zou, and X. Zhang, Opt Lett. 38, 2379 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electon. (1)

R. Soref, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electon. 12, 1678 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Tsuchizawa, K. Yamada, T. Watanabe, P. Sungbong, H. Nishi, R. Kou, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 516 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. Taillaert, C. Harold, P. I. Borel, L. H. Frandsen, R. M. De La Rue, and R. Baets, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1249 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, L. L. Buhl, Y. Baeyens, R. Aroca, S. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, L. Chen, and Y. K. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 762 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt Lett. (1)

L. Xiang, Y. Yu, Y. Qin, J. Zou, B. Zou, and X. Zhang, Opt Lett. 38, 2379 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

A. Malacarne, G. Meloni, G. Berrettini, L. Poti, and A. Bogoni, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OM2G.2.

H. Sotobayashi, W. Chujo, and T. Ozeki, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and International Conference on Quantum Information, OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper WM5.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principle of the proposed device.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Principle of the 2D grating coupler and (b) the simulation results of three different input polarization signals coupled into the 2D grating coupler.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Principle and the structure of the two-mode multiplexer and (b) simulated results.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Relationship of phase difference and ΔW introduced by the PS.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Microscope image of the fabricated device, and the SEM top view of (b) 2D grating coupler, (c) two-mode multiplexer, and (d) 1D grating coupler. (e) to (i): the details of different parts.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured transmission spectra of (a) the proposed converter with X- and Y-pol linear polarized light input and (b) the device comprising only 2D grating coupler with circular polarized light input.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Measured eye diagrams at the best and worst wavelengths.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Measured power penalties for the proposed device.

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