Abstract

A MgO:LiNbO3 slab configuration for the surface-emitted terahertz-wave parametric oscillator (TPO) is presented. The pump and the oscillating Stokes beams were totally reflected at the slab surface and propagated zigzaggedly in the slab MgO:LiNbO3 crystal. Up to five terahertz beams were emitted perpendicularly to the surface of the crystal. The total output energy of the five THz-wave beams was 3.56 times as large as that obtained from the conventional surface-emitted TPO at the same experimental conditions. The intensity distributions of the THz wave beams were measured, and they were unsymmetrical in the horizontal direction while symmetrical in the vertical direction.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

A. Lee, Y. B. He, and H. Pask, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

Z. Y. Li, P. B. Bing, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, and K. Zhong, Opt. Eng. 51, 091605 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

T. Ikari, R. X. Guo, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 5, 10054 (2010).

2009

D. H. Wu and T. Ikari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Molter, M. Theuer, and R. Beigang, Opt. Express 17, 6623 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

D. J. M. Stothard, T. J. Edwards, D. Walsh, C. L. Thomson, C. F. Rae, M. H. Dunn, and P. G. Browne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2002

K. Kawase, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, J. Phys. D 35, R1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

1998

U. T. Schwarz and M. Maier, Phys. Rev. B 58, 766 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1971

B. C. Johnson, H. E. Puthoff, J. SooHoo, and S. S. Sussman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 181 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

Bing, P. B.

Z. Y. Li, P. B. Bing, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, and K. Zhong, Opt. Eng. 51, 091605 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Browne, P. G.

D. J. M. Stothard, T. J. Edwards, D. Walsh, C. L. Thomson, C. F. Rae, M. H. Dunn, and P. G. Browne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

D. J. M. Stothard, T. J. Edwards, D. Walsh, C. L. Thomson, C. F. Rae, M. H. Dunn, and P. G. Browne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, T. J.

D. J. M. Stothard, T. J. Edwards, D. Walsh, C. L. Thomson, C. F. Rae, M. H. Dunn, and P. G. Browne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, R. X.

T. Ikari, R. X. Guo, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 5, 10054 (2010).

He, Y. B.

A. Lee, Y. B. He, and H. Pask, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ikari, T.

T. Ikari, R. X. Guo, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 5, 10054 (2010).

D. H. Wu and T. Ikari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Ikari, X. B. Zhang, and H. Minamide, Opt. Express 14, 1604 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Imai, K.

Ito, H.

T. Ikari, R. X. Guo, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 5, 10054 (2010).

K. Kawase, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, J. Phys. D 35, R1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, J. Shikata, H. Minamide, K. Imai, and H. Ito, Appl. Opt. 40, 1423 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, B. C.

B. C. Johnson, H. E. Puthoff, J. SooHoo, and S. S. Sussman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 181 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kawase, K.

K. Kawase, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, J. Phys. D 35, R1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, J. Shikata, H. Minamide, K. Imai, and H. Ito, Appl. Opt. 40, 1423 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, A.

A. Lee, Y. B. He, and H. Pask, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, E. B.

Li, S. X.

Li, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Li, P. B. Bing, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, and K. Zhong, Opt. Eng. 51, 091605 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. S.

Maier, M.

U. T. Schwarz and M. Maier, Phys. Rev. B 58, 766 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Minamide, H.

Molter, D.

Pask, H.

A. Lee, Y. B. He, and H. Pask, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Puthoff, H. E.

B. C. Johnson, H. E. Puthoff, J. SooHoo, and S. S. Sussman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 181 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Rae, C. F.

D. J. M. Stothard, T. J. Edwards, D. Walsh, C. L. Thomson, C. F. Rae, M. H. Dunn, and P. G. Browne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, U. T.

U. T. Schwarz and M. Maier, Phys. Rev. B 58, 766 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shikata, J.

SooHoo, J.

B. C. Johnson, H. E. Puthoff, J. SooHoo, and S. S. Sussman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 181 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Stothard, D. J. M.

D. J. M. Stothard, T. J. Edwards, D. Walsh, C. L. Thomson, C. F. Rae, M. H. Dunn, and P. G. Browne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, B.

Sussman, S. S.

B. C. Johnson, H. E. Puthoff, J. SooHoo, and S. S. Sussman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 181 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Taniuchi, T.

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Theuer, M.

Thomson, C. L.

D. J. M. Stothard, T. J. Edwards, D. Walsh, C. L. Thomson, C. F. Rae, M. H. Dunn, and P. G. Browne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, D.

D. J. M. Stothard, T. J. Edwards, D. Walsh, C. L. Thomson, C. F. Rae, M. H. Dunn, and P. G. Browne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D. H.

D. H. Wu and T. Ikari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D. G.

Z. Y. Li, P. B. Bing, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, and K. Zhong, Opt. Eng. 51, 091605 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. Q.

Z. Y. Li, P. B. Bing, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, and K. Zhong, Opt. Eng. 51, 091605 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Sun, S. X. Li, J. S. Liu, E. B. Li, and J. Q. Yao, Opt. Lett. 36, 1845 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. B.

Zhong, K.

Z. Y. Li, P. B. Bing, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, and K. Zhong, Opt. Eng. 51, 091605 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. J. M. Stothard, T. J. Edwards, D. Walsh, C. L. Thomson, C. F. Rae, M. H. Dunn, and P. G. Browne, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 141105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Wu and T. Ikari, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 141105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Johnson, H. E. Puthoff, J. SooHoo, and S. S. Sussman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 18, 181 (1971).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. Lee, Y. B. He, and H. Pask, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 49, 357 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub.

T. Ikari, R. X. Guo, H. Minamide, and H. Ito, J. Eur. Opt. Soc. Rapid Pub. 5, 10054 (2010).

J. Phys. D

K. Kawase, J. Shikata, and H. Ito, J. Phys. D 35, R1 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

Z. Y. Li, P. B. Bing, J. Q. Yao, D. G. Xu, and K. Zhong, Opt. Eng. 51, 091605 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

U. T. Schwarz and M. Maier, Phys. Rev. B 58, 766 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Slab configuration of the MgO:LiNbO3 crystal. (b) Experimental setup of the TPO with the slab crystal.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output voltage of the Golay Cell versus the pump energy at different output areas.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Total output voltage of the Golay Cell for the TPO with the slab structure compared with that for the SE-TPO.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured tuning range of the THz wave at the pump energy of 87.5 mJ.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Terahertz wave beam profiles in the x1 (horizontal) and y1 (vertical) directions.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Overlapping area of the pump and the Stokes beams: (a) x1z1 plane and (b) y1z1 plane.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ETz1=i2kT{(kT2ωT2c2εT)ET+ωT2c2[d33+dQ(εTε)]EpES*},
I=n2ε0μ0EE*=n2ε0μ0|E|2,
z1IT(x1,y1,z1)=g·[Ip(x1,y1,z1)IS(x1,y1,z1)IT(x1,y1,z1)]1/2αIT(x1,y1,z1),
α=ωT2kTc2Im(εT),
g=nT2ε0μ0ωT2kTc2[d33+dQRe(εTε)][8npnSnT(μ0/ε0)3/2]1/2,

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