Abstract

Dispersion control with axially nonuniform photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) permits supercontinuum (SC) generation into the deep-blue from an ytterbium pump laser. In this Letter, we exploit the full degrees of freedom afforded by PCFs to fabricate a fiber with longitudinally increasing air-fill fraction and decreasing diameter directly on the draw-tower. We demonstrate SC generation extending down to 375 nm in one such monolithic fiber device that is single-mode at 1064 nm at the input end.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, Proc. SPIE 8637, 86370T (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Travers and J. R. Taylor, Opt. Lett. 34, 115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (5)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Agger, C.

Andersen, T. V.

Audry, L.

Bang, O.

Bar-Joseph, I.

Barviau, B.

Beaud, P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T.

Birks, T. A.

Chaudhari, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cumberland, B. A.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dupont, S.

Freeman, M. J.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Gorbach, A. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, Nat. Photonics 1, 653 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, F.

Hodel, W.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

Islam, M.

Islam, M. N.

Jakobsen, C.

S. T. Sørensen, U. Møller, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, T. V. Andersen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 20, 10635 (2012).
[CrossRef]

U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 304 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Johansen, J.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, Proc. SPIE 8637, 86370T (2013).
[CrossRef]

U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 304 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sørensen, U. Møller, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, T. V. Andersen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 20, 10635 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Judge, A.

Keiding, S. R.

Kim, D. Y.

Kito, C.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

J. Stone and J. Knight, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 315 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Koshiba, M.

Kudlinski, A.

Kulkarni, O. P.

Kumar, M.

Larsen, C.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, Proc. SPIE 8637, 86370T (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sørensen, U. Møller, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, T. V. Andersen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 20, 10635 (2012).
[CrossRef]

U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 304 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. Y.

Lelek, M.

Leon-Saval, S.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Liao, M.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lyngsø, J. K.

Mazé, G.

Møller, U.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, Proc. SPIE 8637, 86370T (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sørensen, U. Møller, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, T. V. Andersen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 20, 10635 (2012).
[CrossRef]

U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 304 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Moselund, P. M.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, Proc. SPIE 8637, 86370T (2013).
[CrossRef]

U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 304 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sørensen, U. Møller, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, T. V. Andersen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 20, 10635 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mussot, A.

Nielsen, F. D.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, Proc. SPIE 8637, 86370T (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, C.

Poletti, F.

Popov, S. V.

Poulain, M.

Price, J. H. V.

Qin, G.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Richardson, D. J.

Rulkov, A. B.

Saitoh, K.

Skryabin, D. V.

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, Nat. Photonics 1, 653 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, S. T.

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, Proc. SPIE 8637, 86370T (2013).
[CrossRef]

U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 304 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sørensen, U. Møller, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, T. V. Andersen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Express 20, 10635 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sørensen, A. Judge, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Lett. 36, 816 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Steffensen, H.

Stentz, A. J.

Stone, J.

J. Stone and J. Knight, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 315 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J. M.

Sucha, G.

Suzuki, T.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Terry, F. L.

Thøgersen, J.

Thomsen, C. L.

Travers, J. C.

Tse, M. L. V.

Wadsworth, W.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Weber, H. P.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Witkowska, A.

Xia, C.

Xiong, C.

Yan, X.

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zysset, B.

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 161103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Beaud, W. Hodel, B. Zysset, and H. P. Weber, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-23, 1938 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

J. C. Travers, J. Opt. 12, 113001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. V. Gorbach and D. V. Skryabin, Nat. Photonics 1, 653 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (2)

U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, P. M. Moselund, C. Jakobsen, J. Johansen, C. L. Thomsen, and O. Bang, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 304 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Stone and J. Knight, Opt. Fiber Technol. 18, 315 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Proc. SPIE (1)

C. L. Thomsen, F. D. Nielsen, J. Johansen, P. M. Moselund, U. Møller, S. T. Sørensen, C. Larsen, and O. Bang, Proc. SPIE 8637, 86370T (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Calculated (a) dispersion and (b) GV for the illustrated hole-size increasing PCF taper. The hole-to-pitch ratio d/Λ and pitch Λ are assumed to vary linearly with length, and the dispersion and GV are calculated at equidistant points.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Characterization of the fiber structure for air-fill fraction increasing PCFs drawn by (a) increasing the pressure on the air holes and (b) additionally increasing the draw speed. The fiber parameters are determined from microscope images of the fiber end facet at selected distances from the input as shown in (b).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured SC spectrum. The inset shows a close-up of the spectral blue edge on a linear scale. The total output power was 5.8 W with 734 mW in the visible part of the spectrum below 900 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured dispersion (thick lines) at the input and output of the PCF in Fig. 2, and corresponding calculated dispersion (thin lines) for PCFs with the values of the hole-to-pitch ratio d/Λ and pitch Λ stated in the plot. The insets show a close-up of the fiber structure around the core at the input (left) and output (right) end.

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