Abstract

CF4 gas has a relatively high Raman cross section and a relatively small Raman shift and is an excellent candidate for a gas-filled hollow-core photonic bandgap (HC-PBG) fiber Raman wavelength converter. Here we investigate experimentally the onset and competition between stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) and stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) processes in high-pressure CF4 gas. We focus 532 nm laser pulses into a high-pressure gas cell and measure the SBS and SRS response. The thresholds for both processes decrease with pressure, as expected. However, with short focusing geometries, the SBS threshold is lower than the SRS threshold, and with long focusing geometries, it is the opposite. We further show that with HC-PBG fiber geometry SRS dominates.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  15. NKT Photonics Ltd., http://www.nktphotonics.com

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

V. Raghunathan, A. Nikolaenko, C.-Y. Chung, and E. O. Potma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 171114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. V. Konyashchenko, L. L. Losev, V. S. Pazyuk, and S. Y. Tenyakov, Appl. Phys. B 93, 455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. Králiková, J. Skála, P. Straka, and H. Turčičová, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

V. V. Akulinichev, V. A. Gorbunov, and E. G. Pivinskii, Quantum Electron. 27, 429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

K. Sentrayan and V. Kushawaha, J. Phys. D 26, 1554 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

V. Kubeček, K. Hamal, I. Procházka, R. Buzelis, V. Girdauskas, and A. Dementiev, Czech. J. Phys. 41, 733 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Y.-S. Kuo, K. Choi, and J. K. McIver, Opt. Commun. 80, 233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

Akulinichev, V. V.

V. V. Akulinichev, V. A. Gorbunov, and E. G. Pivinskii, Quantum Electron. 27, 429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Aoki, Y.

Benabid, F.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

Buzelis, R.

V. Kubeček, K. Hamal, I. Procházka, R. Buzelis, V. Girdauskas, and A. Dementiev, Czech. J. Phys. 41, 733 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

Choi, K.

P. Y.-S. Kuo, K. Choi, and J. K. McIver, Opt. Commun. 80, 233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chung, C.-Y.

V. Raghunathan, A. Nikolaenko, C.-Y. Chung, and E. O. Potma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 171114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dementiev, A.

V. Kubeček, K. Hamal, I. Procházka, R. Buzelis, V. Girdauskas, and A. Dementiev, Czech. J. Phys. 41, 733 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Girdauskas, V.

V. Kubeček, K. Hamal, I. Procházka, R. Buzelis, V. Girdauskas, and A. Dementiev, Czech. J. Phys. 41, 733 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gorbunov, V. A.

V. V. Akulinichev, V. A. Gorbunov, and E. G. Pivinskii, Quantum Electron. 27, 429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hamal, K.

V. Kubeček, K. Hamal, I. Procházka, R. Buzelis, V. Girdauskas, and A. Dementiev, Czech. J. Phys. 41, 733 (1991).
[CrossRef]

He, X.

Jones, D. C.

Knight, J. C.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Konyashchenko, A. V.

A. V. Konyashchenko, L. L. Losev, V. S. Pazyuk, and S. Y. Tenyakov, Appl. Phys. B 93, 455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Králiková, B.

B. Králiková, J. Skála, P. Straka, and H. Turčičová, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kubecek, V.

V. Kubeček, K. Hamal, I. Procházka, R. Buzelis, V. Girdauskas, and A. Dementiev, Czech. J. Phys. 41, 733 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, P. Y.-S.

P. Y.-S. Kuo, K. Choi, and J. K. McIver, Opt. Commun. 80, 233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kushawaha, V.

K. Sentrayan and V. Kushawaha, J. Phys. D 26, 1554 (1993).
[CrossRef]

LeFebvre, M. J.

Liu, J.

Losev, L. L.

A. V. Konyashchenko, L. L. Losev, V. S. Pazyuk, and S. Y. Tenyakov, Appl. Phys. B 93, 455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mangir, M. S.

McIver, J. K.

P. Y.-S. Kuo, K. Choi, and J. K. McIver, Opt. Commun. 80, 233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mo, X.

Munch, J.

Nikolaenko, A.

V. Raghunathan, A. Nikolaenko, C.-Y. Chung, and E. O. Potma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 171114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pazyuk, V. S.

A. V. Konyashchenko, L. L. Losev, V. S. Pazyuk, and S. Y. Tenyakov, Appl. Phys. B 93, 455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pivinskii, E. G.

V. V. Akulinichev, V. A. Gorbunov, and E. G. Pivinskii, Quantum Electron. 27, 429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Potma, E. O.

V. Raghunathan, A. Nikolaenko, C.-Y. Chung, and E. O. Potma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 171114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Procházka, I.

V. Kubeček, K. Hamal, I. Procházka, R. Buzelis, V. Girdauskas, and A. Dementiev, Czech. J. Phys. 41, 733 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Raghunathan, V.

V. Raghunathan, A. Nikolaenko, C.-Y. Chung, and E. O. Potma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 171114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rockwell, D. A.

Russell, P. St. J.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sentrayan, K.

K. Sentrayan and V. Kushawaha, J. Phys. D 26, 1554 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

Skála, J.

B. Králiková, J. Skála, P. Straka, and H. Turčičová, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Straka, P.

B. Králiková, J. Skála, P. Straka, and H. Turčičová, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003).

Tajima, K.

Tenyakov, S. Y.

A. V. Konyashchenko, L. L. Losev, V. S. Pazyuk, and S. Y. Tenyakov, Appl. Phys. B 93, 455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Turcicová, H.

B. Králiková, J. Skála, P. Straka, and H. Turčičová, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

White, J. O.

Wuerker, R. F.

Yang, K.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. V. Konyashchenko, L. L. Losev, V. S. Pazyuk, and S. Y. Tenyakov, Appl. Phys. B 93, 455 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. Králiková, J. Skála, P. Straka, and H. Turčičová, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 627 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Raghunathan, A. Nikolaenko, C.-Y. Chung, and E. O. Potma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 171114 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Czech. J. Phys. (1)

V. Kubeček, K. Hamal, I. Procházka, R. Buzelis, V. Girdauskas, and A. Dementiev, Czech. J. Phys. 41, 733 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D (1)

K. Sentrayan and V. Kushawaha, J. Phys. D 26, 1554 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Y.-S. Kuo, K. Choi, and J. K. McIver, Opt. Commun. 80, 233 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Quantum Electron. (1)

V. V. Akulinichev, V. A. Gorbunov, and E. G. Pivinskii, Quantum Electron. 27, 429 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science 298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. L. Sutherland, Handbook of Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2003).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, 2003).

NKT Photonics Ltd., http://www.nktphotonics.com

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Stokes and anti-Stokes lines intensities at (a) 50 bar, (b) 70 bar, and (c) 100 bar, using focusing lens of 25 cm focal length.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Efficiency of SBS process as function of input energy at different gas pressures.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Threshold energies as function of gas pressure using (a) 25 cm, (b) 40 cm, and (c) 75 cm focal length focusing lens.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental results of the linear relationship between the square of the focal length and the SBS threshold at different gas pressures.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Spectra of SRS in HC-PBG fiber filled with CF4 at pressure of 11 bar in the cell and pump energy of 3 μJ.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Attenuation and GVD of the HC-532 fiber [15].

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Pth=Cλ2gBtan1(L2zR),
Pth=CλzRgBL,
|Δk|<gRIp,

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