Abstract

We investigate numerically a novel plasmonic polarization converter relying on the excitation of a so-called dihedron dielectric loaded plasmon polariton. The dihedron dielectric loaded waveguide consists of a dielectric ridge implemented at the inner corner of a metal-coated dielectric step. For a dielectric ridge with a square cross section, the plasmon polariton modes supported by each side of the metallized step hybridize to create supermodes with crossed polarizations. We show that the two supermodes can be operated in a dual-mode interferometer configuration to perform an efficient (24 dB) TE–TM/TM–TE polarization conversion over typical distances below 30 μm at telecommunications wavelengths. In addition, on the basis of the thermo-optical properties of our device, we find that the dihedron plasmonic polarization converter is temperature insensitive.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Z. Han and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Rept. Progr. Phys. 76, 016402 (2013).
  2. T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 75, 1 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, Opt. Express 18, 1207 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Alonso-Ramos, S. Romero-Garcia, A. Ortega-Monux, I. Molina-Fernández, R. Zhang, H. G. Bach, and M. Schell, Opt. Lett. 37, 335 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Caspers, M. Z. Alam, and M. Mojahedi, Opt. Lett. 37, 4615 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

L. Liu, Y. Ding, K. Yvind, and J. Hvam, Opt. Lett. 36, 1059 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, Y. Ding, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, Opt. Express 19, 12646 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, S. Zhu, H. Zhang, S. Chen, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-l. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Pitilakis, O. Tsilipakos, and E. E. Kriezis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 4851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, Opt. Express 18, 1207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, and E. E. Kriezis, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, and T. Tsuchizawa, Opt. Express 16, 967 (2008).

2007

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 75, 1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Beggs, M. Midrio, and T. F. Krauss, Opt. Lett. 32, 2176 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

Aitchison, J. S.

Alam, M. Z.

Alonso-Ramos, C.

Andersen, T. B.

Apostolopoulos, D.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 4851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bach, H. G.

Baus, M.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Beggs, D. M.

Bernardin, T.

Bouhelier, A.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Z. Han and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Rept. Progr. Phys. 76, 016402 (2013).

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, Opt. Express 18, 1207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 75, 1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Briggs, R. M.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 4851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brooks, C.

Burgos, S. P.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 4851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Caspers, J. N.

Chen, S.

J. Zhang, S. Zhu, H. Zhang, S. Chen, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-l. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cluzel, B.

Colas des Francs, G.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dai, D.

Deng, H.

Dereux, A.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Pitilakis, O. Tsilipakos, and E. E. Kriezis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, Opt. Express 18, 1207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

Fatome, J.

Feigenbaum, E.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 4851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Finot, C.

Fukuda, H.

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, and T. Tsuchizawa, Opt. Express 16, 967 (2008).

Gosciniak, J.

Grandidier, J.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 4851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guan, X.

Han, Z.

Z. Han and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Rept. Progr. Phys. 76, 016402 (2013).

Hassan, K.

S. Kaya, J.-C. Weeber, F. Zacharatos, K. Hassan, T. Bernardin, B. Cluzel, J. Fatome, and C. Finot, Opt. Express 21, 22269 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Pitilakis, O. Tsilipakos, and E. E. Kriezis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Holmgaard, T.

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 75, 1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hunsperger, R. G.

R. G. Hunsperger, Integrated Optics: Theory and Technology (Springer, 2002).

Hvam, J.

Hvam, J. M.

Jessop, P. E.

Kalavrouziotis, D.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kaya, S.

Kjelstrup-Hansen, J.

Krauss, T. F.

Kriezis, E. E.

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Pitilakis, O. Tsilipakos, and E. E. Kriezis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, and E. E. Kriezis, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kwong, D.-l.

J. Zhang, S. Zhu, H. Zhang, S. Chen, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-l. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

Lo, G.-Q.

J. Zhang, S. Zhu, H. Zhang, S. Chen, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-l. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Markey, L.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Pitilakis, O. Tsilipakos, and E. E. Kriezis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Gosciniak, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, T. B. Andersen, V. S. Volkov, J. Kjelstrup-Hansen, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, Opt. Express 18, 1207 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Massenot, S.

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Midrio, M.

Mojahedi, M.

Molina-Fernández, I.

Ortega-Monux, A.

Palik, E.

E. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids III (Academic, 1998).

Papaioannou, S.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pitilakis, A.

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Pitilakis, O. Tsilipakos, and E. E. Kriezis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Romero-Garcia, S.

Schell, M.

Shi, Y.

Tekin, T.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsilipakos, O.

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Pitilakis, O. Tsilipakos, and E. E. Kriezis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, and E. E. Kriezis, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, and T. Tsuchizawa, Opt. Express 16, 967 (2008).

Volkov, V. S.

Vyrsokinos, K.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J.-C.

S. Kaya, J.-C. Weeber, F. Zacharatos, K. Hassan, T. Bernardin, B. Cluzel, J. Fatome, and C. Finot, Opt. Express 21, 22269 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Pitilakis, O. Tsilipakos, and E. E. Kriezis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wosinski, L.

Wu, H.

Yamada, K.

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, and T. Tsuchizawa, Opt. Express 16, 967 (2008).

Yevick, D. O.

Yioultsis, T. V.

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, and E. E. Kriezis, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

Zacharatos, F.

Zhang, H.

J. Zhang, S. Zhu, H. Zhang, S. Chen, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-l. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, S. Zhu, H. Zhang, S. Chen, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-l. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, R.

Zhu, S.

J. Zhang, S. Zhu, H. Zhang, S. Chen, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-l. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Hassan, J.-C. Weeber, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Pitilakis, O. Tsilipakos, and E. E. Kriezis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 241110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Grandidier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, A. Bouhelier, S. Massenot, J.-C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Zhang, S. Zhu, H. Zhang, S. Chen, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-l. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1606 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

O. Tsilipakos, T. V. Yioultsis, and E. E. Kriezis, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 093109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nano Lett.

R. M. Briggs, J. Grandidier, S. P. Burgos, E. Feigenbaum, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 10, 4851 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

T. Holmgaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 75, 1 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rept. Progr. Phys.

Z. Han and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Rept. Progr. Phys. 76, 016402 (2013).

Sci. Rep.

S. Papaioannou, D. Kalavrouziotis, K. Vyrsokinos, J.-C. Weeber, K. Hassan, L. Markey, A. Dereux, A. Kumar, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, M. Baus, T. Tekin, D. Apostolopoulos, H. Avramopoulos, and N. Pleros, Sci. Rep. 2, 652 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids III (Academic, 1998).

R. G. Hunsperger, Integrated Optics: Theory and Technology (Springer, 2002).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic view of the dihedron DLSPPW.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Schematic view of the 2D dihedron DLSPPW investigated numerically. (b) For wg=800nm, real effective index of the vertical and horizontal DLSPPW mode as a function of hg. (c) Electric field modulus distribution for the horizontal mode when hg=900nm. (d) Electric field modulus distribution for the vertical mode when hg=900nm. (e) and (f) For hg=wg=800nm, electric field modulus distribution for the two supermodes. Solid arrows, supermode transverse polarization.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Dihedron DLSPPW quasi-TM to quasi-TE polarization conversion obtained by 3D FEM calculation. (a) Input and electric field map distribution. (b) Electric field distribution along the device. (c) Output electric field map distribution.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) and (b) Dihedron DLSPPW model for thermal and electromagnetic calculations. (c) Steady state temperature distribution for a 28 mA current flowing through the gold film.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Polarization Converter Performance and Comparison to Previous Numerical (n.) and/or Experimental (e.) Worksa

Tables Icon

Table 2. Thermo-optical Properties of the Dihedron Polarization Converter for Two Temperatures

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ERTMTE=10log10(PTMoutPTEout),

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