Abstract

We demonstrate a fast-tuning Brillouin/erbium fiber laser (BEFL) using 4 m erbium-doped fiber (EDF) as both the Brillouin and erbium gain media. The BEFL frequency is fast tuned via modulating a piezoelectric transducer on which the EDF is coiled. Over 60 MHz frequency-tuning range is obtained at less than 5 V voltage amplitude and the tuning rates can achieve 48 kHz. This fast-tuning BEFL presents a low phase noise of 124dB/Hz1/2 at 1 kHz (normalized to 1 m interferometer optical path difference) with 32 kHz modulating frequency. It presents potential applications in fiber sensors and optical communications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

2011 (2)

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wu, L. Zhan, Q. Shen, J. Liu, X. Hu, and P. Xiao, Opt. Lett. 36, 3837 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

F. J. McAleavey, J. O’Gorman, J. F. Donegan, B. D. MacCraith, J. Hegarty, and G. Mazé, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

M. J. Chawki, I. Valiente, R. Auffret, and V. Tholey, Electron. Lett. 29, 2034 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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1990 (1)

E. C. Burrows and K.-Y. Liou, Electron. Lett. 26, 577 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. Welford and A. Mooradian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Abas, A. F.

Auffret, R.

M. J. Chawki, I. Valiente, R. Auffret, and V. Tholey, Electron. Lett. 29, 2034 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boggs, B.

Burrows, E. C.

E. C. Burrows and K.-Y. Liou, Electron. Lett. 26, 577 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cao, C.

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chawki, M. J.

M. J. Chawki, I. Valiente, R. Auffret, and V. Tholey, Electron. Lett. 29, 2034 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. R.

Chen, M.

Chen, W.

Cowle, G. J.

Culshaw, B.

Dandridge, A.

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Donegan, J. F.

F. J. McAleavey, J. O’Gorman, J. F. Donegan, B. D. MacCraith, J. Hegarty, and G. Mazé, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ezekiel, S.

Freitag, I.

Geng, J.

Giallorenzi, T. G.

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Golla, D.

Greiner, G.

Hambali, N. A. M. A.

Harvey, K. C.

Hegarty, J.

F. J. McAleavey, J. O’Gorman, J. F. Donegan, B. D. MacCraith, J. Hegarty, and G. Mazé, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

Hu, Y.

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, G. Stewart, G. Whitenett, and B. Culshaw, Appl. Opt. 44, 3425 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R. K.

Jha, A.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Jose, G.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kaneda, Y. Hu.

Knoke, S.

Li, J.

Libatique, N. J. C.

Lin, H.

Liou, K.-Y.

E. C. Burrows and K.-Y. Liou, Electron. Lett. 26, 577 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Lousteau, J.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

MacCraith, B. D.

F. J. McAleavey, J. O’Gorman, J. F. Donegan, B. D. MacCraith, J. Hegarty, and G. Mazé, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

Mansoori, M. H. A.

Mazé, G.

F. J. McAleavey, J. O’Gorman, J. F. Donegan, B. D. MacCraith, J. Hegarty, and G. Mazé, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McAleavey, F. J.

F. J. McAleavey, J. O’Gorman, J. F. Donegan, B. D. MacCraith, J. Hegarty, and G. Mazé, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Z.

Mooradian, A.

D. Welford and A. Mooradian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Myatt, C. J.

Numata, K.

O’Gorman, J.

F. J. McAleavey, J. O’Gorman, J. F. Donegan, B. D. MacCraith, J. Hegarty, and G. Mazé, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peng, J.

Penty, R. V.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

Saripan, M. I.

Schöne, W.

Shen, Q.

Smith, S. P.

Spiefelberg, C.

Stepanov, D. Yu.

Stewart, G.

Sun, C.

Tholey, V.

M. J. Chawki, I. Valiente, R. Auffret, and V. Tholey, Electron. Lett. 29, 2034 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tu, X.

Tünnermann, A.

Tveten, A. B.

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Valiente, I.

M. J. Chawki, I. Valiente, R. Auffret, and V. Tholey, Electron. Lett. 29, 2034 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

Wang, L.

Wang, T.

Wei, Y. Q.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Welford, D.

D. Welford and A. Mooradian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

White, I. H.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Whitenett, G.

Wonfor, A.

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

Wu, Z.

Xiao, P.

Xiong, S.

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, G. Stewart, G. Whitenett, and B. Culshaw, Appl. Opt. 44, 3425 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yi, L.

Zarinetchi, F.

Zellmer, H.

Zhan, L.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, T.

Zhou, H.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Welford and A. Mooradian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 865 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. J. Chawki, I. Valiente, R. Auffret, and V. Tholey, Electron. Lett. 29, 2034 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Burrows and K.-Y. Liou, Electron. Lett. 26, 577 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Dandridge, A. B. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1647 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

F. J. McAleavey, J. O’Gorman, J. F. Donegan, B. D. MacCraith, J. Hegarty, and G. Mazé, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1103 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. Dong, Y. Q. Wei, A. Wonfor, R. V. Penty, I. H. White, J. Lousteau, G. Jose, and A. Jha, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Proc. SPIE (1)

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Configuration of the proposed fast-tuning BEFL: DFB-LD, distributed-feedback laser diode; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; PZT, piezoelectric transducer; TOF, tunable optical filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup to measure the characteristics of the fast-tuning BEFL: DFB-LD, distributed-feedback laser diode; TOF, tunable optical filter; FRM, Faraday rotating mirror; A/D, analog-to-digital convertor; PC, personal computer.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Frequency modulating amplitude of the fast-tuning BEFL against the amplitude of the applied sinusoidal voltage at 12.5 kHz (circle), 32 kHz (triangle), and 48 kHz (diamond) modulating frequencies on the PZT.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Response of the frequency-tuning range of the proposed BEFL to the modulating frequency with a sinusoidal input of ±1V.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

RINs of the proposed BEFL without modulation (the red line) and with 32 kHz modulating frequency and 2.8 V voltage amplitude on the PZT (the blue line).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Phase noises of the proposed BEFL without modulation (the red line) and with 32 kHz modulating frequency and 2.8 V voltage amplitude on the PZT (the blue line), measured by the Michelson interferometer of 5 m OPD.

Equations (1)

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Δϕ=2πDΔνc,

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