Abstract

We propose a novel digital signal processing (DSP) algorithm for photodiode characterization probed by three wavelengths. The DSP algorithm has low computational complexity. The required number of measurements increases logarithmically with the number of spectral points. For the first time to our knowledge, the phase response of photodiode is characterized up to 20 GHz.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. Kaneda, Q. Yang, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, W. Shieh, and Y.-K. Chen, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 494 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012) (ECOC, 2012), paper P6.05.
  3. M. Tiago, F. Alves, and A. V. T. Cartaxo, Opt. Express 17, 18714 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W.-R. Peng, B. Zhang, K.-M. Feng, X. Wu, A. E. Willner, and S. Chi, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 5723 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Hui and M. O’Sullivan, Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques (Academic, 2009).
  6. N. H. Zhu, J. M. Wen, H. S. San, H. P. Huang, L. J. Zhao, and W. Wang, J. Quantum Electron. 42, 241 (2006).

2010

2009

2006

N. H. Zhu, J. M. Wen, H. S. San, H. P. Huang, L. J. Zhao, and W. Wang, J. Quantum Electron. 42, 241 (2006).

Alves, F.

Cartaxo, A. V. T.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chen, Y.-K.

Chi, S.

Cunningham, D. G.

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012) (ECOC, 2012), paper P6.05.

Feng, K.-M.

Huang, H. P.

N. H. Zhu, J. M. Wen, H. S. San, H. P. Huang, L. J. Zhao, and W. Wang, J. Quantum Electron. 42, 241 (2006).

Hui, R.

R. Hui and M. O’Sullivan, Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques (Academic, 2009).

Kaneda, N.

Liu, X.

O’Sullivan, M.

R. Hui and M. O’Sullivan, Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques (Academic, 2009).

Peng, W.-R.

Penty, R. V.

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012) (ECOC, 2012), paper P6.05.

San, H. S.

N. H. Zhu, J. M. Wen, H. S. San, H. P. Huang, L. J. Zhao, and W. Wang, J. Quantum Electron. 42, 241 (2006).

Shieh, W.

Tiago, M.

Wang, W.

N. H. Zhu, J. M. Wen, H. S. San, H. P. Huang, L. J. Zhao, and W. Wang, J. Quantum Electron. 42, 241 (2006).

Wei, J.

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012) (ECOC, 2012), paper P6.05.

Wen, J. M.

N. H. Zhu, J. M. Wen, H. S. San, H. P. Huang, L. J. Zhao, and W. Wang, J. Quantum Electron. 42, 241 (2006).

White, I. H.

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012) (ECOC, 2012), paper P6.05.

Willner, A. E.

Wu, X.

Yang, Q.

Zhang, B.

Zhao, L. J.

N. H. Zhu, J. M. Wen, H. S. San, H. P. Huang, L. J. Zhao, and W. Wang, J. Quantum Electron. 42, 241 (2006).

Zhu, N. H.

N. H. Zhu, J. M. Wen, H. S. San, H. P. Huang, L. J. Zhao, and W. Wang, J. Quantum Electron. 42, 241 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Quantum Electron.

N. H. Zhu, J. M. Wen, H. S. San, H. P. Huang, L. J. Zhao, and W. Wang, J. Quantum Electron. 42, 241 (2006).

Opt. Express

Other

R. Hui and M. O’Sullivan, Fiber Optic Measurement Techniques (Academic, 2009).

J. Wei, D. G. Cunningham, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, in European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2012) (ECOC, 2012), paper P6.05.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Principle of dichotomization to minimize the number of measurement iterations.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for phase response calibration. (a) Method 1: using three lasers and (b) Method 2: using two lasers and a modulator. IM, intensity modulator; OA, optical amplifier; PD, photo diode; PBS, polarization beam splitter; LD, laser diode; PMC, polarization maintaining coupler; TDS, time–domain sampling scope

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Phase response of the 3 GHz Filter calibrated using our 3-λ approach compared with that using electrical approach.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Amplitude response and (b) phase response of the receiver system with DSC–R409 photodiode. Method 1: using three lasers; Method 2: using two lasers and a modulator.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Amplitude response and (b) phase response of the receiver system with the DSC–R405 photodiode using Method 1.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Ai=aiejΩit+jΦi(t)(1i3),
Aij=aiajRijej(ΩjΩi)tejΦj(t)jΦi(t)ejΦij(1i3,1j3),
Δangle(A13/(A12*A23))=(Ω3Ω1)t+Φ3(t)Φ1(t)+Φ13((Ω2Ω1)t+Φ2(t)Φ1(t)+Φ12+(Ω3Ω2)t+Φ3(t)Φ2(t)+Φ23)=Φ13Φ23Φ12.
φ3=φ1+φ2+Δ.
φj=φi+φΩ/2+Δj,
φ=f(ω)=inSiωi=S0+S1ω+R1(ω),

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