Abstract

Large-area close-packed microlens arrays (MLAs) are highly desirable for structured light and integrated optical applications. However, efficient realization of ultralarge area MLAs with a high fill factor is still technically challenging, especially on glass material. In this Letter we propose a high-efficiency MLA fabrication method using single-pulsed femtosecond laser wet etch and close-packed quasi-periodic concave MLAs consisting of three million units fabricated on silica glass within an hour. The fabricated MLAs are demonstrated to have extreme optical smoothness (8.5nm) by an atomic force microscope. It has also been demonstrated that the profile of the quasi-periodic concave structures could be easily tuned by changing the laser scanning speed or the pulse energy. Additionally, the optical performances of the MLA diffusers were investigated by using sharp focusing, high-resolution imaging, and flat-top illumination.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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