Abstract

An intrinsically phase-stable Sagnac interferometer is introduced for optimized interferometric detection in partially collinear two-dimensional (2D) spectroscopy. With a pump–pulse pair from an actively stabilized Mach–Zehnder interferometer, the Sagnac scheme is demonstrated in broadband, short-wave IR (1–2 μm), 2D electronic spectroscopy of IR-26 dye.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

S. Dobner, C. Cleff, C. Fallnich, and P. Gross, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 174201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

M. K. Yetzbacher, T. L. Courtney, W. K. Peters, K. A. Kitney, E. R. Smith, and D. M. Jonas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Harel, A. F. Fidler, and G. S. Engel, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 16444 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2445 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

D. M. Jonas, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

1999 (2)

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

1982 (1)

B. Kopainsky, P. Qiu, W. Kaiser, B. Sens, and K. H. Drexhage, Appl. Phys. B 29, 15 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

M. Levenson and G. Eesley, Appl. Phys. A 19, 1 (1979).

Albrecht Ferro, A.

J. D. Hybl, A. Albrecht Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Backus, S.

Baum, P.

Beard, M. C.

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2445 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bonora, S.

Brida, D.

Cerullo, G.

Cleff, C.

S. Dobner, C. Cleff, C. Fallnich, and P. Gross, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 174201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Courtney, T. L.

M. K. Yetzbacher, T. L. Courtney, W. K. Peters, K. A. Kitney, E. R. Smith, and D. M. Jonas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Courtney, S. D. Park, R. J. Hill, and D. M. Jonas are preparing a manuscript to be called “Broadband, low-dispersion, Brewster’s angle interferometers.”

Damrauer, N. H.

De Silvestri, S.

DeFlores, L. P.

Dobner, S.

S. Dobner, C. Cleff, C. Fallnich, and P. Gross, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 174201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Drexhage, K. H.

B. Kopainsky, P. Qiu, W. Kaiser, B. Sens, and K. H. Drexhage, Appl. Phys. B 29, 15 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Eesley, G.

M. Levenson and G. Eesley, Appl. Phys. A 19, 1 (1979).

Elsaesser, T.

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 164503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Engel, G. S.

E. Harel, A. F. Fidler, and G. S. Engel, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 16444 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

S. Dobner, C. Cleff, C. Fallnich, and P. Gross, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 174201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fidler, A. F.

E. Harel, A. F. Fidler, and G. S. Engel, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 16444 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fourkas, J. T.

Gallagher Faeder, S. M.

S. M. Gallagher Faeder and D. M. Jonas, J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gallmann, L.

Gross, P.

S. Dobner, C. Cleff, C. Fallnich, and P. Gross, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 174201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Grumstrup, E. M.

Hamm, P.

Harel, E.

E. Harel, A. F. Fidler, and G. S. Engel, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 16444 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hayden, C. C.

Helbing, J.

Hill, R. J.

T. L. Courtney, S. D. Park, R. J. Hill, and D. M. Jonas are preparing a manuscript to be called “Broadband, low-dispersion, Brewster’s angle interferometers.”

Hybl, J. D.

J. D. Hybl, A. Albrecht Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, J. C.

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2445 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jonas, D. M.

M. K. Yetzbacher, T. L. Courtney, W. K. Peters, K. A. Kitney, E. R. Smith, and D. M. Jonas, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 1104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Jonas, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hybl, A. Albrecht Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Gallagher Faeder and D. M. Jonas, J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Courtney, S. D. Park, R. J. Hill, and D. M. Jonas are preparing a manuscript to be called “Broadband, low-dispersion, Brewster’s angle interferometers.”

Kaiser, W.

B. Kopainsky, P. Qiu, W. Kaiser, B. Sens, and K. H. Drexhage, Appl. Phys. B 29, 15 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D. J.

Kapteyn, H.

Keller, U.

Kitney, K. A.

Kobayashi, T.

Kopainsky, B.

B. Kopainsky, P. Qiu, W. Kaiser, B. Sens, and K. H. Drexhage, Appl. Phys. B 29, 15 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kuehn, W.

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 164503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M.

M. Levenson and G. Eesley, Appl. Phys. A 19, 1 (1979).

Lewis, K. L. M.

Luther, J. M.

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2445 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Maginnis, K.

Manzoni, C.

Marangoni, M.

Matsika, S.

Matuschek, N.

Midgett, A. G.

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2445 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, K.

Montgomery, M. A.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

Myers, J. A.

Nicodemus, R. A.

Nozik, A. J.

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2445 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ogilvie, J. P.

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

Park, S. D.

T. L. Courtney, S. D. Park, R. J. Hill, and D. M. Jonas are preparing a manuscript to be called “Broadband, low-dispersion, Brewster’s angle interferometers.”

Peters, W. K.

Qiu, P.

B. Kopainsky, P. Qiu, W. Kaiser, B. Sens, and K. H. Drexhage, Appl. Phys. B 29, 15 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Reimann, K.

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 164503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

Russek, U.

Scheuer, V.

Semonin, O. E.

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2445 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sens, B.

B. Kopainsky, P. Qiu, W. Kaiser, B. Sens, and K. H. Drexhage, Appl. Phys. B 29, 15 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Shim, S. H.

Smith, E. R.

Steel, W. H.

W. H. Steel, Interferometry (Cambridge University, 1967).

Steinmeyer, G.

Tekavec, P. F.

Tokmakoff, A.

Trebino, R.

Tschudi, T.

Tseng, C. H.

Vdovin, G.

Villoresi, P.

Weinacht, T. C.

Woerner, M.

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 164503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, W.

Yetzbacher, M. K.

Zanni, M. T.

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

Zeek, E.

Zhong, Q.

Zhu, X.

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

D. M. Jonas, Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 54, 425 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

M. Levenson and G. Eesley, Appl. Phys. A 19, 1 (1979).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

B. Kopainsky, P. Qiu, W. Kaiser, B. Sens, and K. H. Drexhage, Appl. Phys. B 29, 15 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (3)

W. Kuehn, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 164503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Dobner, C. Cleff, C. Fallnich, and P. Gross, J. Chem. Phys. 137, 174201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Hybl, A. Albrecht Ferro, and D. M. Jonas, J. Chem. Phys. 115, 6606 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

S. M. Gallagher Faeder and D. M. Jonas, J. Phys. Chem. A 103, 10489 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

O. E. Semonin, J. C. Johnson, J. M. Luther, A. G. Midgett, A. J. Nozik, and M. C. Beard, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2445 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

E. Harel, A. F. Fidler, and G. S. Engel, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107, 16444 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

T. L. Courtney, S. D. Park, R. J. Hill, and D. M. Jonas are preparing a manuscript to be called “Broadband, low-dispersion, Brewster’s angle interferometers.”

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1985).

W. H. Steel, Interferometry (Cambridge University, 1967).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Partially collinear 2D spectrometer with Brewster’s angle interferometer. Pulses a and b, separated by delay τ, from the Mach–Zehnder impinge on the sample, followed by pulse c at delay T. The signal copropagates with pulse c in the Sagnac; pulses c and reference destructively interfere to become the attenuated LO in the Sagnac dark output. BS, gold-coated beam splitter; BB, beam block; L, plano–convex lens; f=7.5cm. Protected silver mirrors are unlabeled.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Real, T=0fs (left) and T=100fs (right) 2D correlation spectra of IR-26 in dichloroethane with 30 fs pulses. At zero wait time, the diagonally elongated positive peak (red 10% contours, solid lines) reflects the strong correlation between the excitation frequency, ωτ, and signal frequency, ωt. A negative region (blue 10% contours, dotted lines) indicates vibrational and solvent frequency memory. Only the positive peak remains at 100 fs waiting time; this peak approaches a product line shape after a rapid loss of correlation between ωτ and ωt.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I2D(ta,tb,ωt)=|r^r^[(E^i+E^(1))+r^r^*E^rrr(3)]+t^t^r^r^*E^crr(3)+t^t^[(E^i+E^(1))+(t^t^*E^ccc(3)+E^caa(3)+E^cbb(3))+(E^cba(3)+E^cab(3))]|2.
S^2D(ωt,ωτ,T)=S^2Draw(ωt,ωτ,T)exp[iΔϕba(ωτ)],

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