Abstract

We present a new class of coherent perfect absorbers based on guided-mode resonance in thin semiconductor films. Using particle-swarm optimization methods, we design a thin-film amorphous silicon grating that maximizes coherent modulation of the absorbance. The optimized device exhibits a maximum scattering power of 94% and a power absorption limit approaching 100% at the 1550-nm wavelength.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. D. Chong, Li. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053901 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. Wu and R. Magnusson, Opt. Lett. 37, 2103 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Yoon, K. H. Seol, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Opt. Express 18, 25702 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, Light Sci. Appl. 1, 1 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, Science 331, 889 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. W. Yoon, G. M. Koh, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 257402 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Vincent and M. Neviere, Appl. Phys. 20, 345 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Mashev and E. Popov, Opt. Commun. 55, 377 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  10. I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 886 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. S. Wang and R. Magnusson, Appl. Opt. 32, 2606 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Ding and R. Magnusson, Opt. Express 12, 5661 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 71, 811 (1981).
  17. J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks (IEEE, 1995), p. 1942.
  18. M. Shokooh-Saremi and R. Magnusson, Opt. Lett. 32, 894 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

W. Wu and R. Magnusson, Opt. Lett. 37, 2103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, Light Sci. Appl. 1, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Yoon, G. M. Koh, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 257402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, Science 331, 889 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

J. Yoon, K. H. Seol, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Opt. Express 18, 25702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Chong, Li. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 886 (1985).
[CrossRef]

L. Mashev and E. Popov, Opt. Commun. 55, 377 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 71, 811 (1981).

1979 (1)

P. Vincent and M. Neviere, Appl. Phys. 20, 345 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Avrutsky, I. A.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, Science 331, 889 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Chong, Li. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chong, Y.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, Science 331, 889 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chong, Y. D.

Y. D. Chong, Li. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chua, S.-L.

C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Curzan, J.

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

Eberhart, R.

J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks (IEEE, 1995), p. 1942.

Gaylord, T. K.

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 71, 811 (1981).

Ge, L.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, Science 331, 889 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Li.

Y. D. Chong, Li. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Golubenko, G. A.

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 886 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, R.

G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hens, Z.

G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, C. W.

C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, J.

J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks (IEEE, 1995), p. 1942.

Koh, G. M.

J. W. Yoon, G. M. Koh, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 257402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. J.

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lozano, G.

G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

MacDonald, K. F.

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, Light Sci. Appl. 1, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Magnusson, R.

W. Wu and R. Magnusson, Opt. Lett. 37, 2103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Yoon, G. M. Koh, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 257402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yoon, K. H. Seol, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Opt. Express 18, 25702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Shokooh-Saremi and R. Magnusson, Opt. Lett. 32, 894 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ding and R. Magnusson, Opt. Express 12, 5661 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Wang and R. Magnusson, Appl. Opt. 32, 2606 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mashev, L.

L. Mashev and E. Popov, Opt. Commun. 55, 377 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 71, 811 (1981).

Neviere, M.

P. Vincent and M. Neviere, Appl. Phys. 20, 345 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Noh, H.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, Science 331, 889 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pirruccio, G.

G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

L. Mashev and E. Popov, Opt. Commun. 55, 377 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Rivas, J. G.

G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, S. R. K.

G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Seol, K. H.

Shen, B.

C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shokooh-Saremi, M.

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Shokooh-Saremi and R. Magnusson, Opt. Lett. 32, 894 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soljacic, M.

C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Song, S. H.

J. W. Yoon, G. M. Koh, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 257402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yoon, K. H. Seol, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Opt. Express 18, 25702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stone, A. D.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, Science 331, 889 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Chong, Li. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Svakhin, A. S.

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 886 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Svavarsson, H. G.

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sychugov, V. A.

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527 (1989).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 886 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tishchenko, A. V.

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 886 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Vincent, P.

P. Vincent and M. Neviere, Appl. Phys. 20, 345 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wan, W.

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, Science 331, 889 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. S.

Wawro, D.

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, W.

W. Wu and R. Magnusson, Opt. Lett. 37, 2103 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, J.

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Yoon, K. H. Seol, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Opt. Express 18, 25702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, J. W.

J. W. Yoon, G. M. Koh, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 257402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, Light Sci. Appl. 1, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, Light Sci. Appl. 1, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zimmerman, S.

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Vincent and M. Neviere, Appl. Phys. 20, 345 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

I. A. Avrutsky and V. A. Sychugov, J. Mod. Opt. 36, 1527 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 71, 811 (1981).

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

J. Zhang, K. F. MacDonald, and N. I. Zheludev, Light Sci. Appl. 1, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

C. W. Hsu, B. Shen, J. Lee, S.-L. Chua, S. G. Johnson, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljačić, Nature 499, 188 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Mashev and E. Popov, Opt. Commun. 55, 377 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. Pirruccio, G. Lozano, Y. Zhang, S. R. K. Rodriguez, R. Gomes, Z. Hens, and J. G. Rivas, Phys. Rev. B 85, 165455 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

Y. D. Chong, Li. Ge, H. Cao, and A. D. Stone, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Yoon, G. M. Koh, S. H. Song, and R. Magnusson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 257402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. Magnusson, M. Shokooh-Saremi, K. J. Lee, J. Curzan, D. Wawro, S. Zimmerman, W. Wu, J. Yoon, H. G. Svavarsson, and S. H. Song, Proc. SPIE 8102, 810202 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

W. Wan, Y. Chong, L. Ge, H. Noh, A. D. Stone, and H. Cao, Science 331, 889 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. A. Golubenko, A. S. Svakhin, V. A. Sychugov, and A. V. Tishchenko, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 15, 886 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks (IEEE, 1995), p. 1942.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Illustration of an a-Si GMR CPA in the near-infrared spectral region. I1 and I2 denote the grating side and substrate side incident beam intensities, respectively. P1 and P2 denote the outgoing power propagating from the grating side and substrate side, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Transmittance, reflectance, and absorption spectra for a grating-side incident plane wave. (b) Transmittance, reflectance, and absorption spectra for a substrate-side incident plane wave.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized outgoing power as a function of relative phase on input beams.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Magnetic field patterns for coherent two-beam incidence at λ=1550nm. (a) CPA state for in-phase incidence. (b) Total scattering state for out-of-phase incidence. The incident intensity ratio is fixed at I1/I2=0.98 for both cases while the phase difference is Δϕ=0 in (a) and Δϕ=π in (b). The power fractions in (b) are referenced to total input power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

CPA modulation strength (PmaxPmin) as a function of (a) etch-depth error and (b) fill-factor error in the Si grating.

Equations (1)

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A=1i(Ti+Ri),

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