Abstract

We present nonlinear pulse compression of a high-power SESAM-modelocked thin-disk laser (TDL) using an Ar-filled hypocycloid-core kagome hollow-core photonic crystal fiber (HC-PCF). The output of the modelocked Yb:YAG TDL with 127 W average power, a pulse repetition rate of 7 MHz, and a pulse duration of 740 fs was spectrally broadened 16-fold while propagating in a kagome HC-PCF containing 13 bar of static argon gas. Subsequent compression tests performed using 8.4% of the full available power resulted in a pulse duration as short as 88 fs using the spectrally broadened output from the fiber. Compressing the full transmitted power through the fiber (118 W) could lead to a compressed output of >100W of average power and >100MW of peak power with an average power compression efficiency of 88%. This simple laser system with only one ultrafast laser oscillator and a simple single-pass fiber pulse compressor, generating both high peak power >100MW and sub-100-fs pulses at megahertz repetition rate, is very interesting for many applications such as high harmonic generation and attosecond science with improved signal-to-noise performance.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2014 (4)

2013 (6)

2012 (4)

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 20, 23535 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Jocher, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 37, 4407 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lopez, R. Kling, R. Torres, A. Lidolff, M. Delaigue, S. Ricaud, C. Hönninger, and E. Mottay, Proc. SPIE XVII, 82430O (2012).
[Crossref]

C. M. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. Huillier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 74020 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2008 (1)

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photonics 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 359 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 2, 540 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, M. A.

Alharbi, M.

Backus, S.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[Crossref]

Baer, C. R. E.

C. J. Saraceno, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Hoffmann, C. Schriber, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 20, 23535 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photonics 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baggett, J. C.

Bauer, D.

Benabid, F.

Bradley, T.

Breitkopf, S.

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268 (2014).
[Crossref]

Brunner, F.

Carstens, H.

Couny, F.

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, Opt. Lett. 36, 669 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), CPDB4.

Cucinotta, A.

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 359 (2001).
[Crossref]

Debord, B.

Delaigue, M.

J. Lopez, R. Kling, R. Torres, A. Lidolff, M. Delaigue, S. Ricaud, C. Hönninger, and E. Mottay, Proc. SPIE XVII, 82430O (2012).
[Crossref]

Demmler, S.

Diebold, A.

Druon, F.

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dutin, C. F.

Eidam, T.

A. Klenke, S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 39, 3520 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Jocher, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 37, 4407 (2012).
[Crossref]

Emaury, F.

Fourcade-Dutin, C.

Franco, M. A.

Furusawa, K.

Georges, P.

Gérôme, F.

Gèrôme, F.

Ghosh, D.

Gingras, G.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photonics 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Golling, M.

Graf, T.

Grillon, G.

Güdde, J.

C. M. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. Huillier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 74020 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guichard, F.

Hädrich, S.

Hanna, M.

Hashimoto, S.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photonics 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Heckl, O. H.

Herne, C.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[Crossref]

Herrick, N.

Heyl, C. M.

C. M. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. Huillier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 74020 (2012).
[Crossref]

Höfer, U.

C. M. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. Huillier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 74020 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, H. D.

Hoffmann, M.

Hönninger, C.

Huillier, A.

C. M. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. Huillier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 74020 (2012).
[Crossref]

Husakou, A.

Innerhofer, E.

Jauregui, C.

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jocher, C.

Jung, I. D.

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 2, 540 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H. C.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 2, 540 (1996).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

Kienel, M.

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Klenke, S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 39, 3520 (2014).
[Crossref]

Killi, A.

Klenke, A.

A. Klenke, S. Hädrich, M. Kienel, T. Eidam, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 39, 3520 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kling, R.

J. Lopez, R. Kling, R. Torres, A. Lidolff, M. Delaigue, S. Ricaud, C. Hönninger, and E. Mottay, Proc. SPIE XVII, 82430O (2012).
[Crossref]

Lidolff, A.

J. Lopez, R. Kling, R. Torres, A. Lidolff, M. Delaigue, S. Ricaud, C. Hönninger, and E. Mottay, Proc. SPIE XVII, 82430O (2012).
[Crossref]

Light, P. S.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

Lopez, J.

J. Lopez, R. Kling, R. Torres, A. Lidolff, M. Delaigue, S. Ricaud, C. Hönninger, and E. Mottay, Proc. SPIE XVII, 82430O (2012).
[Crossref]

Mans, T.

Marchese, S. V.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photonics 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Monro, T. M.

Morin, F.

Mottay, E.

Murnane, M. M.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Negel, J.-P.

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Paschotta, R.

Poprawe, R.

Prade, B. S.

Raymer, M. G.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ricaud, S.

J. Lopez, R. Kling, R. Torres, A. Lidolff, M. Delaigue, S. Ricaud, C. Hönninger, and E. Mottay, Proc. SPIE XVII, 82430O (2012).
[Crossref]

Richardson, D. J.

Roberts, P. J.

Y. Y. Wang, N. V. Wheeler, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, Opt. Lett. 36, 669 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Y. Wang, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), CPDB4.

Rothhardt, J.

Rundquist, A. R.

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[Crossref]

Russbueldt, P.

Saraceno, C. J.

Schriber, C.

Selleri, S.

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 359 (2001).
[Crossref]

Sudmeyer, T.

Südmeyer, T.

Suedmeyer, T.

Sutter, D.

Torres, R.

J. Lopez, R. Kling, R. Torres, A. Lidolff, M. Delaigue, S. Ricaud, C. Hönninger, and E. Mottay, Proc. SPIE XVII, 82430O (2012).
[Crossref]

Trant, M.

Tünnermann, A.

Vincetti, L.

Voss, A.

Wang, Y. Y.

Weitenberg, J.

Wheeler, N. V.

Witzel, B.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photonics 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zaouter, Y.

Zoboli, M.

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 359 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum (1)

F. X. Kärtner, I. D. Jung, and U. Keller, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum 2, 540 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Limpert, A. Klenke, M. Kienel, S. Breitkopf, T. Eidam, S. Hädrich, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20, 268 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. B (1)

C. M. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. Huillier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 74020 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photonics 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (10)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, A. Cucinotta, and M. Zoboli, Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 359 (2001).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

C. G. Durfee, A. R. Rundquist, S. Backus, C. Herne, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2187 (1999).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Lopez, R. Kling, R. Torres, A. Lidolff, M. Delaigue, S. Ricaud, C. Hönninger, and E. Mottay, Proc. SPIE XVII, 82430O (2012).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science 318, 1118 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Y. Y. Wang, F. Couny, P. J. Roberts, and F. Benabid, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), CPDB4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup for the high average power pulse compression. The output of the thin-disk laser (TDL) is spatially stabilized and directly sent into the fiber. The 66 cm-long hypocycloid-core kagome HC-PCF is held in a gas cell with 13 bar of argon. The transmission through the fiber assembly alone (before focusing lens to after collimating lens) reaches up to 118 W of average output power (93% of transmitted power). To show the compressibility of the spectrally-broadened output, 8.4% of the collimated beam is sent through a polarizing beam splitter (PBS) and several bounces on a pair of dispersive mirrors.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. 7-cell 3-ring hypocycloid core kagome HC-PCF used in this experiment. (a) SEM picture of the fiber showing its core structure (Din=42μm, Dout=59μm). (b) Losses and dispersion of the fiber optimized for nonlinear pulse compression. The dispersion of the fiber was calculated using its real effective refractive index and the contribution of 13 bar of argon.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Output spectrum of the fiber filled with 13 bar of argon. The input of nearly transform-limited pulses with a FWHM of 1.6 nm (740 fs) (green curve) is spectrally broadened to 26 nm of FWHM (red curve), mostly based on SPM. The simulated spectrum (blue curve) shows good agreement with the measured spectrum.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) SHG-FROG measured and (b) retrieved trace in linear scale. The FROG grid used was 512×512 with a temporal resolution of 7.5 fs and a span of 4 ps. The FROG error was below 4.3·103.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Retrieved characteristics of the linear pulse compression using 8.4% of the available output power of the fiber. (a) FROG-retrieved spectrum and measured spectrum are in good agreement. (b) The compressed pulses reached a FWHM pulse duration of 88 fs with 59% of energy in the main peak.

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