Abstract

Optically rewritable liquid crystal display (ORWLCD) is a concept based on the optically addressed bi-stable display that does not need any power to hold the image after being uploaded. Recently, the demand for the 3D image display has increased enormously. Several attempts have been made to achieve 3D image on the ORWLCD, but all of them involve high complexity for image processing on both hardware and software levels. In this Letter, we disclose a concept for the 3D-ORWLCD by dividing the given image in three parts with different optic axis. A quarter-wave plate is placed on the top of the ORWLCD to modify the emerging light from different domains of the image in different manner. Thereafter, Polaroid glasses can be used to visualize the 3D image. The 3D image can be refreshed, on the 3D-ORWLCD, in one-step with proper ORWLCD printer and image processing, and therefore, with easy image refreshing and good image quality, such displays can be applied for many applications viz. 3D bi-stable display, security elements, etc.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, Displays 17, 100 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  2. I. Sexton and P. Surman, IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 16(3), 85 (1999).
  3. A. J. Woods and C. R. Harris, Proc. SPIE 7253, 0Q1 (2010).
  4. A. K. Srivastava, J. L. B. Tocnaye, and L. Dupont, J. Disp. Technol. 6, 522 (2010).
  5. S. Fans, Proc. SPIE 2177, 180 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, Opt. Lett. 34, 3220 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  7. W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, A. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, Opt. Lett. 35, 4127 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. A. Dodgson, Comput. Soc. 8, 32 (2005).
  9. A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6347 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, L. Wang, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Opt. Lett. 38, 23422013.
    [Crossref]
  11. V. Chigrinov, V. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008), p. 248.
  12. J. Sun and V. G. Chigrinov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 561, 1 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. Ma, J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, Q. Guo, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Europhys. Lett. 102, 24005 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  14. V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  15. A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. K. Srivastava, W. Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  17. E. A. Shteyner, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, and A. D. Afanasyev, Soft Mater. 9, 5160 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. Y. Qiang, A. Murauski, T. Du, L. Yao, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers XL1184 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2013 (3)

J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, L. Wang, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Opt. Lett. 38, 23422013.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, Q. Guo, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Europhys. Lett. 102, 24005 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. A. Shteyner, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, and A. D. Afanasyev, Soft Mater. 9, 5160 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

A. K. Srivastava, W. Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sun and V. G. Chigrinov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 561, 1 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

A. J. Woods and C. R. Harris, Proc. SPIE 7253, 0Q1 (2010).

A. K. Srivastava, J. L. B. Tocnaye, and L. Dupont, J. Disp. Technol. 6, 522 (2010).

W. X. Zhao, Q. H. Wang, A. H. Wang, and D. H. Li, Opt. Lett. 35, 4127 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

Y. H. Tao, Q. H. Wang, J. Gu, W. X. Zhao, and D. H. Li, Opt. Lett. 34, 3220 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Qiang, A. Murauski, T. Du, L. Yao, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers XL1184 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6347 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

N. A. Dodgson, Comput. Soc. 8, 32 (2005).

2004 (1)

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

I. Sexton and P. Surman, IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 16(3), 85 (1999).

1997 (1)

S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, Displays 17, 100 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

S. Fans, Proc. SPIE 2177, 180 (1994).
[Crossref]

Afanasyev, A. D.

E. A. Shteyner, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, and A. D. Afanasyev, Soft Mater. 9, 5160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chigrinov, V.

Y. Qiang, A. Murauski, T. Du, L. Yao, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers XL1184 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6347 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Chigrinov, V. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008), p. 248.

Chigrinov, V. G.

J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, L. Wang, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Opt. Lett. 38, 23422013.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, Q. Guo, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Europhys. Lett. 102, 24005 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. A. Shteyner, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, and A. D. Afanasyev, Soft Mater. 9, 5160 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. K. Srivastava, W. Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Sun and V. G. Chigrinov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 561, 1 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dodgson, N. A.

N. A. Dodgson, Comput. Soc. 8, 32 (2005).

Du, T.

Y. Qiang, A. Murauski, T. Du, L. Yao, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers XL1184 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dupont, L.

A. K. Srivastava, J. L. B. Tocnaye, and L. Dupont, J. Disp. Technol. 6, 522 (2010).

Fans, S.

S. Fans, Proc. SPIE 2177, 180 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gu, J.

Guo, Q.

Y. Ma, J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, Q. Guo, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Europhys. Lett. 102, 24005 (2013).
[Crossref]

Harris, C. R.

A. J. Woods and C. R. Harris, Proc. SPIE 7253, 0Q1 (2010).

Ho, J.

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hu, W.

A. K. Srivastava, W. Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, D. D.

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

Khazimullin, M.

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kiselev, A. D.

A. K. Srivastava, W. Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kozenkov, V.

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Chigrinov, V. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008), p. 248.

Kwok, H. S.

J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, L. Wang, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Opt. Lett. 38, 23422013.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, Q. Guo, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Europhys. Lett. 102, 24005 (2013).
[Crossref]

E. A. Shteyner, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, and A. D. Afanasyev, Soft Mater. 9, 5160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Qiang, A. Murauski, T. Du, L. Yao, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers XL1184 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6347 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. Chigrinov, V. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008), p. 248.

Li, D. H.

Lu, Y. Q.

A. K. Srivastava, W. Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, Q. Guo, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Europhys. Lett. 102, 24005 (2013).
[Crossref]

Murauski, A.

Y. Qiang, A. Murauski, T. Du, L. Yao, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers XL1184 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6347 (2008).
[Crossref]

Muravsky, A.

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6347 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pastoor, S.

S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, Displays 17, 100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pikin, S.

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

Qiang, Y.

Y. Qiang, A. Murauski, T. Du, L. Yao, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers XL1184 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sexton, I.

I. Sexton and P. Surman, IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 16(3), 85 (1999).

Shteyner, E. A.

E. A. Shteyner, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, and A. D. Afanasyev, Soft Mater. 9, 5160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, A. K.

E. A. Shteyner, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, and A. D. Afanasyev, Soft Mater. 9, 5160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, Q. Guo, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Europhys. Lett. 102, 24005 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, L. Wang, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Opt. Lett. 38, 23422013.
[Crossref]

A. K. Srivastava, W. Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. K. Srivastava, J. L. B. Tocnaye, and L. Dupont, J. Disp. Technol. 6, 522 (2010).

Sun, J.

J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, L. Wang, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Opt. Lett. 38, 23422013.
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, Q. Guo, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Europhys. Lett. 102, 24005 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Sun and V. G. Chigrinov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 561, 1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Surman, P.

I. Sexton and P. Surman, IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 16(3), 85 (1999).

Tao, Y. H.

Tocnaye, J. L. B.

A. K. Srivastava, J. L. B. Tocnaye, and L. Dupont, J. Disp. Technol. 6, 522 (2010).

Verevochnikov, A.

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, A. H.

Wang, L.

Wang, Q. H.

Woods, A. J.

A. J. Woods and C. R. Harris, Proc. SPIE 7253, 0Q1 (2010).

Wopking, M.

S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, Displays 17, 100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yao, L.

Y. Qiang, A. Murauski, T. Du, L. Yao, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers XL1184 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W. X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. K. Srivastava, W. Hu, V. G. Chigrinov, A. D. Kiselev, and Y. Q. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 031112 (2012).
[Crossref]

Comput. Soc. (1)

N. A. Dodgson, Comput. Soc. 8, 32 (2005).

Displays (1)

S. Pastoor and M. Wopking, Displays 17, 100 (1997).
[Crossref]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

Y. Ma, J. Sun, A. K. Srivastava, Q. Guo, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Europhys. Lett. 102, 24005 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Signal Process. Mag. (1)

I. Sexton and P. Surman, IEEE Signal Process. Mag. 16(3), 85 (1999).

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

A. K. Srivastava, J. L. B. Tocnaye, and L. Dupont, J. Disp. Technol. 6, 522 (2010).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Muravsky, A. Murauski, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 6347 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

J. Sun and V. G. Chigrinov, Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 561, 1 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. E (2)

V. Chigrinov, S. Pikin, A. Verevochnikov, V. Kozenkov, M. Khazimullin, J. Ho, D. D. Huang, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 69, 061713 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. D. Kiselev, V. G. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, Phys. Rev. E 80, 011706 (2009).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (2)

S. Fans, Proc. SPIE 2177, 180 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. J. Woods and C. R. Harris, Proc. SPIE 7253, 0Q1 (2010).

SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers (1)

Y. Qiang, A. Murauski, T. Du, L. Yao, V. Chigrinov, and H. S. Kwok, SID Symp. Dig. Tech. Papers XL1184 (2009).
[Crossref]

Soft Mater. (1)

E. A. Shteyner, A. K. Srivastava, V. G. Chigrinov, H. S. Kwok, and A. D. Afanasyev, Soft Mater. 9, 5160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

V. Chigrinov, V. Kozenkov, and H. S. Kwok, Photoalignment of Liquid Crystalline Materials: Physics and Applications (Wiley, 2008), p. 248.

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MOV (7180 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (7929 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematics of the ORWLCD panel where the two alignment domains with PA and TN domain can be created after the irradiation by polarized light (λ=450nm). The covered domain shows PA, while the open area presents the transformed TN domain. (b) and (c) represent the images of the ORWLCD cell in parallel and crossed polarizers, respectively. The black region in (b) and white region in (c) represents the TN domain.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical micrograph of the ORWLCD cell with two alignment domains in crossed polarizers. The dark domain with the horizontal arrow shows PA domain, while the vertical arrow shows the TN domain. The white marker is equal to 100 μm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Schematic diagram for the 3D ORWLCD display with three alignment domains, first with +45° twist and second with 45° and third with 0° twist, i.e., PA. The corresponding optical micrograph has been shown in (b), the arrows orientation shows the polarization azimuth in different alignment domains. The white marker is equal to 200 μm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic diagram to illustrate the fabrication of three alignment domains in simple steps by irradiation, first without mask, second with image mask and +45° of polarization azimuth and third with the amplitude mask with 100 μm period underneath of the image mask and polarization azimuth 45°.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) The output polarization azimuth of he light from the three regions. (b) The polarization azimuth of the light from the three regions after pacing a QWP on the top of the ORWLCD cell.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Two different pictures for different eyes taken from different Polaroids on the stereoscopic goggles. [Two movies are attached to show the effect for different eye (Media 1) and the display (Media 2).]

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E⃗in=[CosθSinθ],
T⃗=(100exp(iπ2)).
E⃗out=(100exp(iπ2))[cosθsinθ]=[cosθisinθ];

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