Abstract

In this Letter, a graphene-coated D-shaped fiber (GDF) chemical gas sensor is proposed and demonstrated. Taking advantage of both the graphene-induced evanescent field enhancement and the in-fiber multimode interferometer, the GDF shows very high sensitivity for polar gas molecule adsorptions. An extinction ratio of up to 28 dB within the free spectrum range of 30nm in the transmission spectrum is achieved. The maximum sensitivities for NH3 and H2O gas detections are 0.04 and 0.1ppm, respectively. A hybrid sensing scheme with such compactness, high sensitivity, and online monitoring capabilities may pave the way for others to explore a series of graphene-based lab-on-fiber devices for biochemical sensing.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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