Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate phase-sensitive amplification in a silicon photonic crystal waveguide based on pump-degenerate four-wave mixing. An 11 dB phase-extinction ratio is obtained in a record compact 196 μm nanophotonic device due to broadband slow light, in spite of the presence of two-photon absorption and free carriers. Numerical calculations show good agreement with the experimental results.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2011 (4)

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[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 141 (2011).

W. Li and X. Sang, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1246 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Zavatta, J. Fiurášek, and M. Bellini, Nat. Photonics 5, 52 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

C. Monat, B. Corcoran, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. OFaolain, and T. F. Krauss, Opt. Express 17, 2944 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

1999 (1)

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

Andrekson, P.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

Bellini, M.

A. Zavatta, J. Fiurášek, and M. Bellini, Nat. Photonics 5, 52 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Blessing, D.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bristow, A. D.

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. Van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Choi, D.-Y.

Colman, P.

C. A. Husko, S. Combrié, P. Colman, J. Zheng, A. De Rossi, and C. W. Wong, Sci. Rep. 3, 1100 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Combrié, S.

C. A. Husko, S. Combrié, P. Colman, J. Zheng, A. De Rossi, and C. W. Wong, Sci. Rep. 3, 1100 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Corcoran, B.

Da Ros, F.

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, and C. Peucheret, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), London, 2013.

De Rossi, A.

C. A. Husko, S. Combrié, P. Colman, J. Zheng, A. De Rossi, and C. W. Wong, Sci. Rep. 3, 1100 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ebnali-Heidari, M.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fadil, A.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Fiurášek, J.

A. Zavatta, J. Fiurášek, and M. Bellini, Nat. Photonics 5, 52 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Froggatt, M. E.

Gaeta, A. L.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gajda, A.

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, and C. Peucheret, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), London, 2013.

Gifford, D. K.

Gomez-Iglesias, A.

Grillet, C.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Husko, C. A.

C. A. Husko, S. Combrié, P. Colman, J. Zheng, A. De Rossi, and C. W. Wong, Sci. Rep. 3, 1100 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Kang, N.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koos, C.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

Kumar, P.

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Levandovsky, D.

Li, J.

Li, W.

W. Li and X. Sang, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1246 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Q.

Lipson, M.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Madden, S.

Matthews, J.

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mazroa, D.

McGuinness, H. J.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. McKinstrie and S. Radic, Opt. Express 12, 4973 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C. J.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

Neo, R.

O’Brien, J. L.

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

OFaolain, L.

Ou, H.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Painter, O. J.

Palushani, E.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Paquot, Y.

Petermann, K.

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, and C. Peucheret, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), London, 2013.

Peucheret, C.

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, and C. Peucheret, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), London, 2013.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Politi, A.

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pu, M.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Puttnam, B.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Puttnam, B. J.

Radic, S.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. McKinstrie and S. Radic, Opt. Express 12, 4973 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M. G.

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, K.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 141 (2011).

Rotenberg, N.

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. Van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rottwitt, K.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Sang, X.

W. Li and X. Sang, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1246 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schröder, J.

Seoane, J.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shinada, S.

Soller, B. J.

Takenouchi, H.

Thompson, M. G.

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Umeki, T.

Van Driel, H. M.

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. Van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vasilyev, M.

Vukovic, D.

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, and C. Peucheret, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), London, 2013.

Wada, N.

White, T. P.

Wolfe, M. S.

Wong, C. W.

C. A. Husko, S. Combrié, P. Colman, J. Zheng, A. De Rossi, and C. W. Wong, Sci. Rep. 3, 1100 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yin, L.

Zavatta, A.

A. Zavatta, J. Fiurášek, and M. Bellini, Nat. Photonics 5, 52 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J.

C. A. Husko, S. Combrié, P. Colman, J. Zheng, A. De Rossi, and C. W. Wong, Sci. Rep. 3, 1100 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, L.

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, and C. Peucheret, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), London, 2013.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. Van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Politi, J. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 1673 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

W. Li and X. Sang, J. Mod. Opt. 58, 1246 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (4)

J. Leuthold, C. Koos, and W. Freude, Nat. Photonics 4, 535 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Zavatta, J. Fiurášek, and M. Bellini, Nat. Photonics 5, 52 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 141 (2011).

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. Andrekson, C. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, Nat. Photonics 5, 430 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, Nature 441, 960 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. D (1)

C. M. Caves, Phys. Rev. D 26, 1817 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. J. McGuinness, M. G. Raymer, C. J. McKinstrie, and S. Radic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 093604 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep. (1)

C. A. Husko, S. Combrié, P. Colman, J. Zheng, A. De Rossi, and C. W. Wong, Sci. Rep. 3, 1100 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

N. Kang, A. Fadil, M. Pu, H. Ji, H. Hu, E. Palushani, D. Vukovic, J. Seoane, H. Ou, K. Rottwitt, and C. Peucheret, in CLEO: Science and Innovations (Optical Society of America, 2013).

F. Da Ros, D. Vukovic, A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, K. Petermann, and C. Peucheret, in 39th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), London, 2013.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of the pump-degenerate PSA based on FWM. (b) Output intensity of the signal versus input phase detuning. (c) PSA experimental setup. Symbols are defined in the text.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured linear transmission spectrum (fiber to fiber) and group index of the PhC waveguide, where arrows indicate the position of the idler, signal, and pump. (b) Measured Pin versus Pout of the pump showing saturation. Inset: normalized output spectra of the pump only as a function of the input peak power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Input spectrum (solid line), output spectra with relative phases (dashed lines), signal only (light colored), and the simulated output spectrum of the PSA process (bold dash line). (b) Experimentally observed signal (triangle) and idler (dot) gain, and numerically obtained (solid) gains versus phase detuning (Δϕ) at peak power of 1.5 W.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) PERs of the signal (triangle) and idler (dot), and simulated (solid line) gain as a function of the pump peak power. (b) Signal gain curves at varying pump powers.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Simulation Parameters Used in Fig. 3a

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