Abstract

We propose an efficient multiband absorber comprised of a truncated, one-dimensional periodic metal–dielectric photonic crystal and a reflective substrate. The reflective substrate is essentially an optically thick metallic film. Such a planar device is easier to fabricate compared to absorbers with complicated shapes. For a four-unit cell device, all four of the absorption peaks can be optimized with efficiencies higher than 95 percent. Moreover, those absorption peaks are insensitive to the polarization and incident angle. The influences of the geometrical parameters and the refractive index of the dielectric on the device performance also are discussed. Furthermore, we found that the number of absorption peaks within each photonic band precisely corresponds to the number of unit cells because the truncated photonic crystal lattices select resonant modes. We also show that the total absorption efficiency gradually increases when there are more periods of the metal–dielectric composite layer placed on top of the metallic substrate. We expect this work to have potential applications in solar energy harvesting and thermal emission tailoring.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (3)

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 103506 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, OP98 (2012).

2011 (6)

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 11, 4366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, J. Yi, S. He, and N. X. Fang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2827 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, ACS Nano 5, 4641 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Nerkararyan, S. K. Nerkararyan, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Opt. Lett. 36, 4311 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

Y. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 498 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K.-Q. Peng, X. Wang, L. Li, X.-L. Wu, and S.-T. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 6872 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

J. Zhu, Z. Yu, G. F. Burkhard, C.-M. Hsu, S. T. Connor, Y. Xu, Q. Wang, M. McGehee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nano Lett. 9, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Fu and Z. Zhang, Front. Energy Power Eng. China 3, 11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Hu, L. Liu, Z. Zhao, X. Chen, and X. Luo, Opt. Express 17, 16745 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Sondergaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 80, 195407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Sergeant, O. Pincon, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, Opt. Express 17, 22800 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Chen, Y. Wang, D. Yao, and Z. Song, Opt. Appl. 39, 473 (2009).

2008 (3)

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, Nat. Photonics 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2004 (2)

J. Yu, Y. Shen, X. Liu, R. Fu, J. Zi, and Z. Zhu, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, L51 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Narayanaswamy and G. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 70, 125101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. Sai, H. Yugami, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 79, 35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. A. Watts, T. W. Preist, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 3978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1977 (1)

1976 (1)

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 19, 431 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Abdelsalam, M.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, Nat. Photonics 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, M.

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barbara, A.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bartlett, P. N.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, Nat. Photonics 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baumberg, J. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, Nat. Photonics 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Borisov, A. G.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, Nat. Photonics 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

Burkhard, G. F.

J. Zhu, Z. Yu, G. F. Burkhard, C.-M. Hsu, S. T. Connor, Y. Xu, Q. Wang, M. McGehee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nano Lett. 9, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

A. Narayanaswamy and G. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 70, 125101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

S. Chen, Y. Wang, D. Yao, and Z. Song, Opt. Appl. 39, 473 (2009).

Chen, X.

Chen, Y. H.

Connor, S. T.

J. Zhu, Z. Yu, G. F. Burkhard, C.-M. Hsu, S. T. Connor, Y. Xu, Q. Wang, M. McGehee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nano Lett. 9, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 103506 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, J. Yi, S. He, and N. X. Fang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2827 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhu, Z. Yu, G. F. Burkhard, C.-M. Hsu, S. T. Connor, Y. Xu, Q. Wang, M. McGehee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nano Lett. 9, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dewalt, C. J.

Ding, F.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 103506 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J. W.

Dregely, D.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 11, 4366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

J. Zhu, Z. Yu, G. F. Burkhard, C.-M. Hsu, S. T. Connor, Y. Xu, Q. Wang, M. McGehee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nano Lett. 9, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fang, N. X.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, J. Yi, S. He, and N. X. Fang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2827 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fu, C.

C. Fu and Z. Zhang, Front. Energy Power Eng. China 3, 11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, R.

J. Yu, Y. Shen, X. Liu, R. Fu, J. Zi, and Z. Zhu, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, L51 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fung, K. H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, J. Yi, S. He, and N. X. Fang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2827 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Garcia de Abajo, F. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, Nat. Photonics 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

Ge, X.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 103506 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 11, 4366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hane, K.

H. Sai, H. Yugami, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 79, 35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 103506 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, J. Yi, S. He, and N. X. Fang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28, 2827 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 498 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, C.-M.

J. Zhu, Z. Yu, G. F. Burkhard, C.-M. Hsu, S. T. Connor, Y. Xu, Q. Wang, M. McGehee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nano Lett. 9, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C.

Hutley, M. C.

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 19, 431 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Jacob, Z.

Jiang, Z. H.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, ACS Nano 5, 4641 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 103506 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ye, Y. Jin, and S. He, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, 498 (2010).
[CrossRef]

John, J.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, Y.

H. Sai, H. Yugami, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 79, 35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

Y. Cui, J. Xu, K. H. Fung, Y. Jin, A. Kumar, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 253101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J. Lee and Z. M. Zhang, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 063529 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-T.

K.-Q. Peng, X. Wang, L. Li, X.-L. Wu, and S.-T. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 6872 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

K.-Q. Peng, X. Wang, L. Li, X.-L. Wu, and S.-T. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 6872 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, G. Q.

Liu, L.

Liu, N.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 11, 4366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, OP98 (2012).

J. Yu, Y. Shen, X. Liu, R. Fu, J. Zi, and Z. Zhu, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, L51 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loewen, G.

Lopez-Rios, T.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luo, X.

Ma, H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, Nano Lett. 12, 1443 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mai, P.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 11, 4366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, T. S.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, ACS Nano 5, 4641 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

M. C. Hutley and D. Maystre, Opt. Commun. 19, 431 (1976).
[CrossRef]

McGehee, M.

J. Zhu, Z. Yu, G. F. Burkhard, C.-M. Hsu, S. T. Connor, Y. Xu, Q. Wang, M. McGehee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nano Lett. 9, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Milder, A.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

Molesky, S.

Narayanaswamy, A.

A. Narayanaswamy and G. Chen, Phys. Rev. B 70, 125101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nerkararyan, K. V.

Nerkararyan, S. K.

Neuner, B.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Neviere, M.

Padilla, W. J.

M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, OP98 (2012).

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Palik, D.

D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998).

Peng, K.-Q.

K.-Q. Peng, X. Wang, L. Li, X.-L. Wu, and S.-T. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 6872 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Perchec, J. L.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peumans, P.

Pincon, O.

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nat. Mater. 9, 205 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Preist, T. W.

R. A. Watts, T. W. Preist, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 3978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Quemerais, P.

J. L. Perchec, P. Quemerais, A. Barbara, and T. Lopez-Rios, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 066408 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sai, H.

H. Sai, H. Yugami, Y. Kanamori, and K. Hane, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 79, 35 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sambles, J. R.

R. A. Watts, T. W. Preist, and J. R. Sambles, Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 3978 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Savoy, S.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sergeant, N. P.

Shen, Y.

J. Yu, Y. Shen, X. Liu, R. Fu, J. Zi, and Z. Zhu, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 16, L51 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shvets, G.

C. Wu, B. Neuner, G. Shvets, J. John, A. Milder, B. Zollars, and S. Savoy, Phys. Rev. B 84, 075102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sondergaard, T.

T. Sondergaard and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, Phys. Rev. B 80, 195407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Song, Z.

S. Chen, Y. Wang, D. Yao, and Z. Song, Opt. Appl. 39, 473 (2009).

Sugawara, Y.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, Nat. Photonics 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Taubert, R.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 11, 4366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Teperik, T. V.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, Nat. Photonics 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tittl, A.

A. Tittl, P. Mai, R. Taubert, D. Dregely, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 11, 4366 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toor, F.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, ACS Nano 5, 4641 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. Z.

Wang, Q.

J. Zhu, Z. Yu, G. F. Burkhard, C.-M. Hsu, S. T. Connor, Y. Xu, Q. Wang, M. McGehee, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, Nano Lett. 9, 279 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

K.-Q. Peng, X. Wang, L. Li, X.-L. Wu, and S.-T. Lee, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 6872 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

S. Chen, Y. Wang, D. Yao, and Z. Song, Opt. Appl. 39, 473 (2009).

Watts, M.

M. Watts, X. Liu, and W. J. Padilla, Adv. Mater. 24, OP98 (2012).

Watts, R. A.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Configuration of the proposed planar absorber. The cross-sectional view is shown with the denoted geometrical parameters. The thickness of the bottom metal plate is d0. The top truncated MDPhC has N periods with each unit cell consisting of a metal slab of thickness d1 and a dielectric slab of thickness d2. The metal is silver and dielectric is MoOx, of which the refractive indices are shown in (b).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Absorption spectra of the four-unit cell absorber at normal incidence (solid: RCWA, symbol: characteristic matrix method). (b) Maps of the angular absorption spectra for the proposed absorber at TE or TM polarization. The geometrical parameters are d1=12.5nm, d2=85nm, and d0=300nm. The dashed curve in (a) shows the absorption spectrum of a corresponding transmissive structure obtained by tuning d0 to 12.5 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Distributions of the electric field |Ex| and phase Φ(Ex) at the four absorption peaks of the four-unit cell planar absorber as shown by the solid line in Fig. 2. λ1=438nm, λ2=517nm, λ3=634nm, and λ4=759nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Maps of absorption spectra for the four-unit cell absorber when (a) the thickness of the silver slab, (b) the thickness of MoOx slab, and (c) the refractive index of the dielectric slab are tuned. The parameters are set the same as those of the absorbing device discussed in Fig. 2 with d0=300nm, if not particularly specified.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a–h). Thick lines: Absorption spectra at normal incidence for the proposed planar absorbers with different numbers of the unit cells. Thin lines in (a) and (g) show the absorption spectra of the corresponding planar absorber after the thicknesses of the silver slabs are modified (the details can be found in the main body). The inset of (a) represents the total absorption efficiency (Atotal) with varying N before the geometrical parameters are tuned.

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