Abstract

We report on an experimental study of spectral fluctuations induced by intracavity Raman conversion in a passively partially mode-locked, all-normal dispersion fiber laser. Specifically, we use dispersive Fourier transformation to measure single-shot spectra of Raman-induced noise-like pulses, demonstrating that for low cavity gain values Raman emission is sporadic and follows rogue-wave-like probability distributions, while a saturated regime with Gaussian statistics is obtained for high pump powers. Our experiments further reveal intracavity rogue waves originating from cascaded Raman dynamics.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Kharif, E. Pelinovsky, and A. Slunyaev, Rogue Waves in the Ocean (Springer, 2009).
  2. D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 45, 217 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Mussot, A. Kudlinski, M. Kolobov, E. Louvergneaux, M. Douay, and M. Taki, Opt. Express 17, 17010 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, Eur. J. Phys. Special Topics 185, 135 (2010).
  7. A. Aalto, G. Genty, and J. Toivonen, Opt. Express 18, 1234 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 18, 13379 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, and G. Steinmeyer, Sci. Rep. 2, 850 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N. Akhmediev, J. M. Dudley, D. R. Solli, and S. K. Turitsyn, J. Opt. 15, 060201 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. Hammani, C. Finot, J. M. Dudley, and G. Millot, Opt. Express 16, 16467 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Hammani, C. Finot, and G. Millot, Opt. Lett. 34, 1138 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Hammani and C. Finot, J. Opt. 15, 064009 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Schröder and S. Coen, Opt. Express 17, 16444 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Randoux and P. Suret, Opt. Lett. 37, 500 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. G. Kovalsky, A. A. Hnilo, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Lett. 36, 4449 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Zaviyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, J. Opt. 15, 064005 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Horowitz, Y. Barad, and Y. Silberberg, Opt. Lett. 22, 799 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, and A. Latkin, Opt. Express 17, 20707 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, Opt. Express 20, 27447 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  25. T. North and M. Rochette, Opt. Lett. 38, 890 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  26. C. Aguergaray, A. Runge, M. Erkintalo, and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Lett. 38, 2644 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  27. D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, A. A. Apolonski, and S. A. Babin, Opt. Lett. 37, 4104 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  28. A. E. Bednyakova, S. A. Babin, D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, M. P. Fedoruk, V. L. Kalashnikov, and A. Apolonski, Opt. Express 21, 20556 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  29. D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  30. D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  31. B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  32. T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. F. J. Runge, C. Aguergaray, N. G. R. Broderick, and M. Erkintalo, Opt. Lett. 38, 4327 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. Erkintalo, C. Aguergaray, A. Runge, and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Express 20, 22669 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  35. M. E. Fermann, F. Haberl, M. Hofer, and H. Hochreiter, Opt. Lett. 15, 752 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  36. M. Rhodes, G. Steinmeyer, J. Ratner, and R. Trebino, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 557 (2013).

2013 (9)

2012 (10)

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Erkintalo, C. Aguergaray, A. Runge, and N. G. R. Broderick, Opt. Express 20, 22669 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Kharenko, E. V. Podivilov, A. A. Apolonski, and S. A. Babin, Opt. Lett. 37, 4104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, Opt. Express 20, 27447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, and G. Steinmeyer, Sci. Rep. 2, 850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Randoux and P. Suret, Opt. Lett. 37, 500 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Zaviyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

M. G. Kovalsky, A. A. Hnilo, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Lett. 36, 4449 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (5)

2008 (3)

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Hammani, C. Finot, J. M. Dudley, and G. Millot, Opt. Express 16, 16467 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1990 (1)

Aalto, A.

Aguergaray, C.

Akhmediev, N.

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, J. Opt. 15, 064005 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Dudley, D. R. Solli, and S. K. Turitsyn, J. Opt. 15, 060201 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Amiranashvili, S.

A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, and G. Steinmeyer, Sci. Rep. 2, 850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

Apolonski, A. A.

Babin, S. A.

Barad, Y.

Bednyakova, A. E.

Ben Salem, A.

Bolger, J.

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 45, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brée, C.

A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, and G. Steinmeyer, Sci. Rep. 2, 850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Chou, J.

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

Demircan, A.

A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, and G. Steinmeyer, Sci. Rep. 2, 850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dias, F.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 45, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

Dudley, J. M.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Dudley, D. R. Solli, and S. K. Turitsyn, J. Opt. 15, 060201 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, Eur. J. Phys. Special Topics 185, 135 (2010).

M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 18, 13379 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 45, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Hammani, C. Finot, J. M. Dudley, and G. Millot, Opt. Express 16, 16467 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 45, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Egorov, O.

A. Zaviyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Erkintalo, M.

Fedoruk, M. P.

Fermann, M. E.

Finot, C.

Genty, G.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 18, 13379 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Aalto, G. Genty, and J. Toivonen, Opt. Express 18, 1234 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, Eur. J. Phys. Special Topics 185, 135 (2010).

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 45, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Godin, T.

Grelu, Ph.

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, J. Opt. 15, 064005 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Haberl, F.

Hammani, K.

Herink, G.

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hnilo, A. A.

Hochreiter, H.

Hofer, M.

Horowitz, M.

Iliew, R.

A. Zaviyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ivanenko, A.

Jalali, B.

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kalashnikov, V. L.

Kharenko, D. S.

Kharif, C.

C. Kharif, E. Pelinovsky, and A. Slunyaev, Rogue Waves in the Ocean (Springer, 2009).

Kobtsev, S.

Kolobov, M.

Koonath, P.

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kovalsky, M. G.

Kudlinski, A.

Kukarin, S.

Lacourt, P. A.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lafargue, C.

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 45, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Larger, L.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Latkin, A.

Lecaplain, C.

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, J. Opt. 15, 064005 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

A. Zaviyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Louvergneaux, E.

Mahnke, C.

A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, and G. Steinmeyer, Sci. Rep. 2, 850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Merolla, J. M.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Millot, G.

Mitschke, F.

A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, and G. Steinmeyer, Sci. Rep. 2, 850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mussot, A.

North, T.

Pelinovsky, E.

C. Kharif, E. Pelinovsky, and A. Slunyaev, Rogue Waves in the Ocean (Springer, 2009).

Podivilov, E. V.

Randoux, S.

Ratner, J.

M. Rhodes, G. Steinmeyer, J. Ratner, and R. Trebino, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 557 (2013).

Rhodes, M.

M. Rhodes, G. Steinmeyer, J. Ratner, and R. Trebino, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 557 (2013).

Rochette, M.

Ropers, C.

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Runge, A.

Runge, A. F. J.

Schröder, J.

Silberberg, Y.

Slunyaev, A.

C. Kharif, E. Pelinovsky, and A. Slunyaev, Rogue Waves in the Ocean (Springer, 2009).

Smirnov, S.

Solli, D. R.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Dudley, D. R. Solli, and S. K. Turitsyn, J. Opt. 15, 060201 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Soto-Crespo, J. M.

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, J. Opt. 15, 064005 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stefani, A.

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

M. Rhodes, G. Steinmeyer, J. Ratner, and R. Trebino, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 557 (2013).

A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, and G. Steinmeyer, Sci. Rep. 2, 850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Suret, P.

Sylvestre, T.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Taki, M.

Toivonen, J.

Trebino, R.

M. Rhodes, G. Steinmeyer, J. Ratner, and R. Trebino, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 557 (2013).

Tredicce, J. R.

Turitsyn, S.

Turitsyn, S. K.

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Dudley, D. R. Solli, and S. K. Turitsyn, J. Opt. 15, 060201 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wetzel, B.

T. Godin, B. Wetzel, T. Sylvestre, L. Larger, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, A. Ben Salem, M. Zghal, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Opt. Express 21, 18452 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zaviyalov, A.

A. Zaviyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zghal, M.

Electron. Lett. (1)

C. Lafargue, J. Bolger, G. Genty, F. Dias, J. M. Dudley, and B. Eggleton, Electron. Lett. 45, 217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eur. J. Phys. Special Topics (1)

M. Erkintalo, G. Genty, and J. M. Dudley, Eur. J. Phys. Special Topics 185, 135 (2010).

J. Opt. (3)

K. Hammani and C. Finot, J. Opt. 15, 064009 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Akhmediev, J. M. Dudley, D. R. Solli, and S. K. Turitsyn, J. Opt. 15, 060201 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, J. Opt. 15, 064005 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

M. Rhodes, G. Steinmeyer, J. Ratner, and R. Trebino, Laser Photon. Rev. 7, 557 (2013).

Nat. Photonics (3)

D. R. Solli, J. Chou, and B. Jalali, Nat. Photonics 2, 48 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, G. Herink, B. Jalali, and C. Ropers, Nat. Photonics 6, 463 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ph. Grelu and N. Akhmediev, Nat. Photonics 6, 84 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, Nature 450, 1054 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (10)

Opt. Lett. (9)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Zaviyalov, O. Egorov, R. Iliew, and F. Lederer, Phys. Rev. A 85, 013828 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. M. Soto-Crespo, Ph. Grelu, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. E 84, 016604 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

C. Lecaplain, Ph. Grelu, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 233901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, and B. Jalali, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep. (2)

A. Demircan, S. Amiranashvili, C. Brée, C. Mahnke, F. Mitschke, and G. Steinmeyer, Sci. Rep. 2, 850 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Wetzel, A. Stefani, L. Larger, P. A. Lacourt, J. M. Merolla, T. Sylvestre, A. Kudlinski, A. Mussot, G. Genty, F. Dias, and J. M. Dudley, Sci. Rep. 2, 882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

C. Kharif, E. Pelinovsky, and A. Slunyaev, Rogue Waves in the Ocean (Springer, 2009).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic illustration of the laser cavity. SMF: single-mode fiber. (b)–(d) The optical spectrum recorded with an OSA when the pump power in the main loop is set to  170, 190, and 230 mW. The NALM pump power is 250 mW.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Single-shot spectral measurement results when the main loop pump power is set to (a) 190 mW and (b) 230 mW. The 2D linear scale density maps display optical spectra over 350 consecutive roundtrips. The side panels highlight Raman fluctuations in more detail by showing spectra with the smallest (top), mean (middle), and largest (bottom) energy in the Raman band.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) and (b) show Raman energy histograms when the main loop pump power is set to (a) 190 mW and (b) 230 mW. The inset in (a) shows a zoom on the tail. (c) and (d) show Raman energy correlations corresponding to the histogram shown in (a). The scatter plot in (c) highlights the lack of correlation between the Raman energy and the total pulse energy. Similarly, the scatter plot in (d) shows that Raman energies are not correlated across consecutive rountrips.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) and (b) show OSA-recorded average spectra (a) before and (b) after the NALM when a 5% tap coupler is introduced in the cavity. (c) and (d) show the corresponding single-shot energy histograms for the first Raman order [indicated with blue and green shaded areas in (a) and (b), respectively]; (e) is the energy histogram for the second Raman order observed before the NALM [orange shaded area in (a)]. The inset in (e) shows a zoom on the tail.

Metrics