Abstract

Ba2Mg(BO3)2:Eu2+ phosphors incorporated with two different sensitizers, Mn2+ or Ce3+, were prepared and their emission properties, especially for color purity and thermal stability, were investigated thoroughly. The overall emission property induced by the Eu2+ ion and the resultant thermal behavior were strongly dependent on the type of codoped sensitizer ions, Mn2+ or Ce3+. Intense red emission peaking at 620 nm was obtained upon 370 nm excitation of the Mn2+-sensitized phosphor and the resultant light-emitting diode lamps using the given phosphor exhibited a more reddish emission with chromaticity coordinates of (0.602, 0.340). Thus, we can meet the purpose of illuminating elements by designing the proper chemical composition of the Eu2+-activated Ba2Mg(BO3)2 phosphor using different sensitizers: a more reddish emitting Mn2+-sensitized one for backlight units and a bright yellow-emitting Ce3+-sensitized one for solid-state lightings.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 71, 1 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (2)

2012 (1)

S. Choi, Y. J. Yun, and H. K. Jung, Mater. Lett. 75, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, and G. Zhang, Appl. Phys. A 105, 143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 71, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, C.-C. Lin, C.-W. Yeh, and R.-S. Liu, Materials 3, 2172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

H. Du, J. Sun, Z. Xia, and J. Sun, J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, J361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, B. Han, J. Wang, Q. Su, and G. Zhang, J. Phys. D 42, 165409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (4)

V. Sivakumar and U. V. Varadaraju, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W.-J. Yang and T.-M. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Han, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, J. P. Zhong, Q. Su, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, Appl. Phys. A 88, 705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Akella and D. A. Keszler, Mater. Res. Bull. 30, 105 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

L. G. Van Uitert, J. Lumin. 29, 1 (1984).

1974 (1)

J. M. P. J. Verstegen, D. Radielović, and L. E. Vrenken, J. Electrochem. Soc. 121, 1627 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J.

Akella, A.

A. Akella and D. A. Keszler, Mater. Res. Bull. 30, 105 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Barsoum, M.

M. Barsoum, Fundamentals of Ceramics (McGraw-Hill, 1997).

Birowosuto, M. D.

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, C.-C. Lin, C.-W. Yeh, and R.-S. Liu, Materials 3, 2172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.-M.

W.-J. Yang and T.-M. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheviré, F.

Choi, S.

S. Choi, Y. J. Yun, S. J. Kim, and H. K. Jung, Opt. Lett. 38, 1346 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, Y. J. Yun, and H. K. Jung, Mater. Lett. 75, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Deng, D.

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ding, J.

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ding, X.

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, Appl. Phys. A 91, 327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dorenbos, P.

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Du, H.

H. Du, J. Sun, Z. Xia, and J. Sun, J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, J361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y.

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Y. B.

B. Han, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, J. P. Zhong, Q. Su, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, Appl. Phys. A 88, 705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guo, C.

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, Appl. Phys. A 91, 327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Han, B.

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, B. Han, J. Wang, Q. Su, and G. Zhang, J. Phys. D 42, 165409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Han, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, J. P. Zhong, Q. Su, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, Appl. Phys. A 88, 705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hua, Y.

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, Appl. Phys. A 91, 327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L.

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jia, G.

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jung, H. K.

S. Choi, Y. J. Yun, S. J. Kim, and H. K. Jung, Opt. Lett. 38, 1346 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, Y. J. Yun, and H. K. Jung, Mater. Lett. 75, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Keszler, D. A.

A. Akella and D. A. Keszler, Mater. Res. Bull. 30, 105 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. J.

Li, C.

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

H. Lin, H. Liang, and G. Zhang, Appl. Phys. A 105, 143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, B. Han, J. Wang, Q. Su, and G. Zhang, J. Phys. D 42, 165409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H. B.

B. Han, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, J. P. Zhong, Q. Su, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, Appl. Phys. A 88, 705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-C.

L. Chen, C.-C. Lin, C.-W. Yeh, and R.-S. Liu, Materials 3, 2172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

H. Lin, H. Liang, and G. Zhang, Appl. Phys. A 105, 143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, B. Han, J. Wang, Q. Su, and G. Zhang, J. Phys. D 42, 165409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H. H.

B. Han, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, J. P. Zhong, Q. Su, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, Appl. Phys. A 88, 705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.-S.

L. Chen, C.-C. Lin, C.-W. Yeh, and R.-S. Liu, Materials 3, 2172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luan, L.

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, Appl. Phys. A 91, 327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y. Y.

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 71, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Y. X.

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 71, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Radielovic, D.

J. M. P. J. Verstegen, D. Radielović, and L. E. Vrenken, J. Electrochem. Soc. 121, 1627 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Shionoya, S.

S. Shionoya and W. M. Yen, Phosphor Handbook, Laser & Optical Science & Technology Series (CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, 1998).

Sivakumar, V.

V. Sivakumar and U. V. Varadaraju, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, B. Han, J. Wang, Q. Su, and G. Zhang, J. Phys. D 42, 165409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Han, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, J. P. Zhong, Q. Su, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, Appl. Phys. A 88, 705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

H. Du, J. Sun, Z. Xia, and J. Sun, J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, J361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Du, J. Sun, Z. Xia, and J. Sun, J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, J361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tessier, F.

Tian, Z.

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, B. Han, J. Wang, Q. Su, and G. Zhang, J. Phys. D 42, 165409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Uitert, L. G.

L. G. Van Uitert, J. Lumin. 29, 1 (1984).

Varadaraju, U. V.

V. Sivakumar and U. V. Varadaraju, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Verstegen, J. M. P. J.

J. M. P. J. Verstegen, D. Radielović, and L. E. Vrenken, J. Electrochem. Soc. 121, 1627 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Vrenken, L. E.

J. M. P. J. Verstegen, D. Radielović, and L. E. Vrenken, J. Electrochem. Soc. 121, 1627 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, B. Han, J. Wang, Q. Su, and G. Zhang, J. Phys. D 42, 165409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wu, W.

W. Wu and Z. Xia, RSC Adv. 3, 6051 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Z.

W. Wu and Z. Xia, RSC Adv. 3, 6051 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Du, J. Sun, Z. Xia, and J. Sun, J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, J361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, F.

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 71, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, H.

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.-J.

W.-J. Yang and T.-M. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Ye, S.

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 71, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C.-W.

L. Chen, C.-C. Lin, C.-W. Yeh, and R.-S. Liu, Materials 3, 2172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yen, W. M.

S. Shionoya and W. M. Yen, Phosphor Handbook, Laser & Optical Science & Technology Series (CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, 1998).

Yuan, S.

Yun, Y. J.

S. Choi, Y. J. Yun, S. J. Kim, and H. K. Jung, Opt. Lett. 38, 1346 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Choi, Y. J. Yun, and H. K. Jung, Mater. Lett. 75, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

H. Lin, H. Liang, and G. Zhang, Appl. Phys. A 105, 143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, B. Han, J. Wang, Q. Su, and G. Zhang, J. Phys. D 42, 165409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. B.

B. Han, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, J. P. Zhong, Q. Su, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, Appl. Phys. A 88, 705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 71, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, J.

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, J. P.

B. Han, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, J. P. Zhong, Q. Su, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, Appl. Phys. A 88, 705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. A (3)

B. Han, H. B. Liang, H. H. Lin, J. P. Zhong, Q. Su, G. B. Zhang, and Y. B. Fu, Appl. Phys. A 88, 705 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, H. Liang, and G. Zhang, Appl. Phys. A 105, 143 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Guo, L. Luan, X. Ding, and D. Huang, Appl. Phys. A 91, 327 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W.-J. Yang and T.-M. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 171908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (3)

J. M. P. J. Verstegen, D. Radielović, and L. E. Vrenken, J. Electrochem. Soc. 121, 1627 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. Du, J. Sun, Z. Xia, and J. Sun, J. Electrochem. Soc. 156, J361 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Sivakumar and U. V. Varadaraju, J. Electrochem. Soc. 154, J167 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

L. G. Van Uitert, J. Lumin. 29, 1 (1984).

J. Mater. Res. (1)

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, Q. Su, H. Xie, J. Ding, G. Zhang, and Y. Fu, J. Mater. Res. 21, 864 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

H. Lin, H. Liang, Z. Tian, B. Han, J. Wang, Q. Su, and G. Zhang, J. Phys. D 42, 165409 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

S. Choi, Y. J. Yun, and H. K. Jung, Mater. Lett. 75, 186 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

A. Akella and D. A. Keszler, Mater. Res. Bull. 30, 105 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. R (1)

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, Mater. Sci. Eng. R 71, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Materials (1)

L. Chen, C.-C. Lin, C.-W. Yeh, and R.-S. Liu, Materials 3, 2172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Q. Wang, D. Deng, S. Xu, Y. Hua, L. Huang, H. Wang, S. Zhao, G. Jia, and C. Li, Opt. Commun. 284, 5315 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Lin, H. Liang, B. Han, J. Zhong, Q. Su, P. Dorenbos, M. D. Birowosuto, G. Zhang, Y. Fu, and W. Wu, Phys. Rev. B 76, 035117 (2007).
[CrossRef]

RSC Adv. (1)

W. Wu and Z. Xia, RSC Adv. 3, 6051 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Barsoum, Fundamentals of Ceramics (McGraw-Hill, 1997).

S. Shionoya and W. M. Yen, Phosphor Handbook, Laser & Optical Science & Technology Series (CRC Press, Taylor & Francis, 1998).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) XRD patterns and (b) emission spectra of Ba2Mg(BO3)2 phosphors doped with different activator/sensitizer ions.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured (dotted curve) and simulated (solid curve) emission spectra and decomposed Gaussian components (color curves) of (a) Ba2Mg(BO3)2:Eu2+, (b) Ce3+ codoped material, and (c) Mn2+ codoped material. (d) Coordination environment of Ba2+ and Mg2+ ions in Ba2Mg(BO3)2. The measured and calculated emission wavelengths of Eu2+ in different ionic sites are summarized in the table.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Upper: normalized photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra for the corresponding activator-doped Ba2Mg(BO3)2 phosphors. Lower: relative emission intensity and CIE chromaticity of Ba2Mg(BO3)2:Eu2+ with different concentration of sensitizers, Mn2+ and Ce3+. (See Ref. 21).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Dependence of emission intensity, ln(IO/I), on temperature. (b) Emission intensity-time plot of pc-LED lamps fabricated with a near-UV LED chip and a Ba2Mg(BO3)2:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor driven by 150 mA current.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Trajectory of CIE coordinates and emission spectra of pc-LEDs with varying applied power. ① and ② denote LEDs with Ba2Mg(BO3)2:Eu2+, Mn2+ and Ba2Mg(BO3)2:Eu2+, Ce3+, respectively.

Equations (2)

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E=Q[1(V4)1V10nEar80].
In(IoI)=InAEakT,

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