Abstract

Following recent theoretical predictions, we report on an experimental realization of image cloning beyond usual diffraction, through the coherent population trapping (CPT) effect in a hot rubidium vapor. In our experiment, an alphabet letter image was transferred from a coupling field to a probe field, based on the CPT effect. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the cloned probe field carrying the image is transmitted without the usual diffraction. To our best knowledge, this is the first experimental report about image cloning beyond diffraction. We believe this mechanism, based on CPT, has definite and important applications in image metrology, image processing, and biomedical imaging.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. E. Lantz, Nat. Photonics 2, 71 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  9. O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, N. Davidson, and A. Ron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043601 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. K. Vudyasetu, D. J. Starling, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123602 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
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  14. O. N. Verma, L. Zhang, J. Evers, and T. N. Dey, Phys. Rev. A 88, 013810 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

O. N. Verma, L. Zhang, J. Evers, and T. N. Dey, Phys. Rev. A 88, 013810 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

D. S. Ding, Z. Y. Zhou, B. S. Shi, X. B. Zou, and G. C. Guo, Opt. Commun. 285, 1954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

T. N. Dey and J. Evers, Phys. Rev. A 84, 043842 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

B. E. Cohen, Nature 467, 407 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, N. Davidson, and A. Ron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Vudyasetu, D. J. Starling, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Dey and G. S. Agarwal, Opt. Lett. 34, 3199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Firstenberg, P. London, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Nat. Phys. 5, 665 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorshkov, L. Jiang, M. Greiner, P. Zoller, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kiffner, J. Evers, and M. S. Zubairy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Lantz, Nat. Photonics 2, 71 (2008).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. A 53, 408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2487 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, G. S.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2487 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, B. E.

B. E. Cohen, Nature 467, 407 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, N.

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, N. Davidson, and A. Ron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Firstenberg, P. London, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Nat. Phys. 5, 665 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dey, T. N.

O. N. Verma, L. Zhang, J. Evers, and T. N. Dey, Phys. Rev. A 88, 013810 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Dey and J. Evers, Phys. Rev. A 84, 043842 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Dey and G. S. Agarwal, Opt. Lett. 34, 3199 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ding, D. S.

D. S. Ding, Z. Y. Zhou, B. S. Shi, X. B. Zou, and G. C. Guo, Opt. Commun. 285, 1954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. A 53, 408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Evers, J.

O. N. Verma, L. Zhang, J. Evers, and T. N. Dey, Phys. Rev. A 88, 013810 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. N. Dey and J. Evers, Phys. Rev. A 84, 043842 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Kiffner, J. Evers, and M. S. Zubairy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Firstenberg, O.

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, N. Davidson, and A. Ron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Firstenberg, P. London, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Nat. Phys. 5, 665 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fulton, D. J.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. A 53, 408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gorshkov, A. V.

A. V. Gorshkov, L. Jiang, M. Greiner, P. Zoller, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Greiner, M.

A. V. Gorshkov, L. Jiang, M. Greiner, P. Zoller, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G. C.

D. S. Ding, Z. Y. Zhou, B. S. Shi, X. B. Zou, and G. C. Guo, Opt. Commun. 285, 1954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Howell, J. C.

P. K. Vudyasetu, D. J. Starling, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L.

A. V. Gorshkov, L. Jiang, M. Greiner, P. Zoller, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kash, M. M.

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kiffner, M.

M. Kiffner, J. Evers, and M. S. Zubairy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lantz, E.

E. Lantz, Nat. Photonics 2, 71 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

London, P.

O. Firstenberg, P. London, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Nat. Phys. 5, 665 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lukin, M. D.

A. V. Gorshkov, L. Jiang, M. Greiner, P. Zoller, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Moseley, R. R.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. A 53, 408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ron, A.

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, N. Davidson, and A. Ron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Firstenberg, P. London, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Nat. Phys. 5, 665 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rostovtsev, Y. V.

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, S.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. A 53, 408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shi, B. S.

D. S. Ding, Z. Y. Zhou, B. S. Shi, X. B. Zou, and G. C. Guo, Opt. Commun. 285, 1954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shuker, M.

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, N. Davidson, and A. Ron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O. Firstenberg, P. London, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Nat. Phys. 5, 665 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sinclair, B. D.

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. A 53, 408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, A. V.

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Starling, D. J.

P. K. Vudyasetu, D. J. Starling, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Verma, O. N.

O. N. Verma, L. Zhang, J. Evers, and T. N. Dey, Phys. Rev. A 88, 013810 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Vudyasetu, P. K.

P. K. Vudyasetu, D. J. Starling, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Welch, G. R.

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

O. N. Verma, L. Zhang, J. Evers, and T. N. Dey, Phys. Rev. A 88, 013810 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z. Y.

D. S. Ding, Z. Y. Zhou, B. S. Shi, X. B. Zou, and G. C. Guo, Opt. Commun. 285, 1954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zoller, P.

A. V. Gorshkov, L. Jiang, M. Greiner, P. Zoller, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zou, X. B.

D. S. Ding, Z. Y. Zhou, B. S. Shi, X. B. Zou, and G. C. Guo, Opt. Commun. 285, 1954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zubairy, M. S.

M. Kiffner, J. Evers, and M. S. Zubairy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

E. Lantz, Nat. Photonics 2, 71 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

O. Firstenberg, P. London, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. Davidson, Nat. Phys. 5, 665 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

B. E. Cohen, Nature 467, 407 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. S. Ding, Z. Y. Zhou, B. S. Shi, X. B. Zou, and G. C. Guo, Opt. Commun. 285, 1954 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

T. N. Dey and J. Evers, Phys. Rev. A 84, 043842 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. N. Verma, L. Zhang, J. Evers, and T. N. Dey, Phys. Rev. A 88, 013810 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Li, V. A. Sautenkov, M. M. Kash, A. V. Sokolov, G. R. Welch, Y. V. Rostovtsev, M. S. Zubairy, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A 78, 013803 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. A 53, 408 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

G. P. Agrawal, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2487 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Moseley, S. Shepherd, D. J. Fulton, B. D. Sinclair, and M. H. Dunn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 670 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Gorshkov, L. Jiang, M. Greiner, P. Zoller, and M. D. Lukin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 093005 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Kiffner, J. Evers, and M. S. Zubairy, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 073602 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, N. Davidson, and A. Ron, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 043601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Vudyasetu, D. J. Starling, and J. C. Howell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 123602 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simplified experimental diagram. The red line is the probe field and the blue line represents the coupling field. The mask was inserted into the optical route of the coupling beam. The probe and coupling fields were monitored by a common camera. The experimental energy level configuration is shown in the dashed box.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Two-slit structure imprinted on the coupling laser beam. (b) The diffracted image obtained at z=z0. (c) The cloned probe beam monitored at z=z0=300mm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Letter “U” imprinted on the coupling laser beam. (b) The diffracted image at z=z0. (c) The cloned probe beam at z=z0. (d)–(f) corresponded to similar experimental results with the letter “O.” z0=300mm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Closed image beyond the usual diffraction is shown against the power of the probe field. The power of the coupling field is about 1.5 mW. (b) The closed image beyond diffraction is shown against the power of the coupling field. The power of the probe field is about 4 mW. In these figures, the power of the probe field, 2–6 mW, corresponds to the Rabi frequency 10γ17.4γ and the power of the coupling field 0–1.5 mW corresponds to the Rabi frequency 0γ29γ. (c) and (d) The normalized susceptibility as a function of Rabi frequencies g and G.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Cloned image shown at different temperatures in the vapor cell (upper figure). The normalized susceptibility against the atomic density n. (bottom figure).

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