Abstract

Dual-polarization two-subcarrier coherent optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (CO-OFDM) transmission and reception is successfully demonstrated with blind equalization. A two-subcarrier quadrature phase shift keyed OFDM (QPSK-OFDM) signal can be equalized as a 9-ary quadrature amplitude modulation signal in the time domain with the cascaded multimodulus algorithm equalization method. The nonlinear effect resistance and transmission distance can be enhanced compared with the traditional CO-OFDM transmission system based on frequency equalization with training sequence.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Armstrong, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 189 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W.-R. Peng, T. Tsuritani, and I. Morita, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 15 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. L. Jansen, I. Morita, T. C. W. Schenk, N. Takeda, and H. Tanaka, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 6 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, Opt. Lett. 33, 2239 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Academic, 2010).
  6. T. Kobayashi, A. Sano, E. Yamada, E. Yoshida, and Y. Miyamoto, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3714 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Sano, E. Yamada, H. Masuda, E. Yamazaki, T. Kobayashi, E. Yoshida, Y. Miyamoto, R. Kudo, K. Ishihara, and Y. Takatori, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 3705 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Tao, J. Yu, Y. Fang, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3219 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Wang, Y. Li, X. G. Yi, D. M. Kong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1085 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, J. Yu, X. Li, L. Tao, and Y. Shao, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1073 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Huang, D. Qian, R. E. Saperstein, P. N. Ji, N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OTuM4.
  13. J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1061 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Tao, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 851 (2013).
    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

H. Wang, Y. Li, X. G. Yi, D. M. Kong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Tao, J. Yu, Y. Fang, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1061 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

Armstrong, J.

Chi, N.

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, J. Yu, X. Li, L. Tao, and Y. Shao, J. Lightwave Technol. 31, 1073 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Tao, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 851 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Tao, J. Yu, Y. Fang, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1061 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cvijetic, N.

Y. Huang, D. Qian, R. E. Saperstein, P. N. Ji, N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OTuM4.

Djordjevic, I.

W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Academic, 2010).

Dong, Z.

Fang, Y.

He, Z.

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, D. Qian, R. E. Saperstein, P. N. Ji, N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OTuM4.

Ishihara, K.

Jansen, S. L.

Ji, P. N.

Y. Huang, D. Qian, R. E. Saperstein, P. N. Ji, N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OTuM4.

Jiang, T.

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Kong, D. M.

H. Wang, Y. Li, X. G. Yi, D. M. Kong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kudo, R.

Li, C.

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Li, Y.

H. Wang, Y. Li, X. G. Yi, D. M. Kong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. T.

H. Wang, Y. Li, X. G. Yi, D. M. Kong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, M.

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

Masuda, H.

Miyamoto, Y.

Morita, I.

Peng, W.-R.

Qian, D.

Y. Huang, D. Qian, R. E. Saperstein, P. N. Ji, N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OTuM4.

Sano, A.

Saperstein, R. E.

Y. Huang, D. Qian, R. E. Saperstein, P. N. Ji, N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OTuM4.

Schenk, T. C. W.

Shao, Y.

Shieh, W.

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, Opt. Lett. 33, 2239 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Academic, 2010).

Takatori, Y.

Takeda, N.

Tanaka, H.

Tao, L.

Tsuritani, T.

Wang, H.

H. Wang, Y. Li, X. G. Yi, D. M. Kong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Y. Huang, D. Qian, R. E. Saperstein, P. N. Ji, N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OTuM4.

Wu, J.

H. Wang, Y. Li, X. G. Yi, D. M. Kong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

Y. Huang, D. Qian, R. E. Saperstein, P. N. Ji, N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OTuM4.

Xue, D.

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, E.

Yamazaki, E.

Yang, Q.

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Yang, W. Shieh, and Y. Ma, Opt. Lett. 33, 2239 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X.

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X. G.

H. Wang, Y. Li, X. G. Yi, D. M. Kong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

Yu, J.

Zhang, J.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1061 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Tao, J. Yu, J. Zhang, Y. Shao, and N. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 25, 851 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Y. Li, X. G. Yi, D. M. Kong, J. Wu, and J. T. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1085 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, Q. Yang, T. Jiang, Z. He, M. Luo, C. Li, X. Xiao, D. Xue, and X. Yi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 1704 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Lett.

Other

Y. Huang, D. Qian, R. E. Saperstein, P. N. Ji, N. Cvijetic, L. Xu, and T. Wang, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper OTuM4.

W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Academic, 2010).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Data and constellations before and after two-point FFT for QPSK signal.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Principle of two-subcarrier OFDM implemented (a) with all-optical approach and (b) with two-point IFFT/FFT. (c) Optical and electrical spectra of two-subcarrier OFDM signal implemented with two-point IFFT/FFT.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup of CO-OFDM transmission system.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Offline DSP: (a) traditional OFDM signal, and (b) two-subcarriers OFDM signal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured BTB BER of two types of OFDM signal.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured BER versus transmission fiber length for two types of OFDM signal.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured BER of OFDM signal versus input power, (a) two-subcarriers, and (b) 256-subcarriers.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Measured BTB OSNR penalty and 3 dB bandwidth versus bandwidth of WSS.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

s(t)=k=0N1ckexp(j2πfkt)(1tT),
fk=kΔf=kT.
s(t)=12k=01ckexp(j2πfkt)=12(c0+c1exp(j2πt2))(1t2),
s(0)=12(c0c1),s(1)=12(c0+c1).

Metrics