Abstract

We investigate the orthogonality of orbital angular momentum (OAM) with other multiplexing domains and present a free-space data link that uniquely combines OAM-, polarization-, and wavelength-division multiplexing. Specifically, we demonstrate the multiplexing/demultiplexing of 1008 data channels carried on 12 OAM beams, 2 polarizations, and 42 wavelengths. Each channel is encoded with 100Gbit/s quadrature phase-shift keying data, providing an aggregate capacity of 100.8Tbit/s (12×2×42×100Gbit/s).

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (2)

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, Nat. Photonics 7, 354 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (8)

2011 (1)

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. Savory, J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 16, 1164 (2010).

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, Laser Photonics Rev. 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, H. Huang, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 37, 4753 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Huang, G. Xie, Y. Yan, N. Ahmed, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, B. Erkmen, K. Birnbaum, S. Dolinar, M. Lavery, M. Padgett, and A. Willner, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4G.5.

Alam, S.

Alfiad, M.

Allen, L.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, Laser Photonics Rev. 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, S. F.

Barnett, S. M.

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Berkhout, G.

Birnbaum, K.

H. Huang, G. Xie, Y. Yan, N. Ahmed, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, B. Erkmen, K. Birnbaum, S. Dolinar, M. Lavery, M. Padgett, and A. Willner, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4G.5.

Bowman, R.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R.

Bozinovic, N.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L.

K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, and L. Buhl, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTu1I.2.

Burrows, E.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

Cai, X.

X. Cai, J. Wang, M. Strain, B. J. Morris, J. Zhu, M. Sorel, J. L. O’Brien, M. G. Thompson, and S. Yu, Science 338, 363 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar, S.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

Chen, H.

Cheng, X.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Collier, A.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Corbett, B.

Courtial, J.

de Waardt, H.

Delbue, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

Dhar, A.

Doerr, C. R.

K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, and L. Buhl, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTu1I.2.

Dogariu, A.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Dolinar, S.

I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, H. Huang, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 37, 4753 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Huang, G. Xie, Y. Yan, N. Ahmed, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, B. Erkmen, K. Birnbaum, S. Dolinar, M. Lavery, M. Padgett, and A. Willner, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4G.5.

Ellis, A.

Erkmen, B.

J. Shapiro, S. Guha, and B. Erkmen, J. Opt. Netw. 4, 501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Huang, G. Xie, Y. Yan, N. Ahmed, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, B. Erkmen, K. Birnbaum, S. Dolinar, M. Lavery, M. Padgett, and A. Willner, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4G.5.

Essiambre, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

Fazal, I.

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fini, J. M.

D. J. Richardson, J. M. Fini, and L. E. Nelson, Nat. Photonics 7, 354 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, K.

K. Fontaine, C. R. Doerr, and L. Buhl, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OTu1I.2.

Fontaine, N. K.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

Franke-Arnold, S.

S. Franke-Arnold, L. Allen, and M. Padgett, Laser Photonics Rev. 2, 299 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geng, Y.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Gibson, G.

Gnauck, A. H.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

Grüner Nielsen, L.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

Guha, S.

Hauske, F.

Hu, J.

D. Qian, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Ip, M. Li, Y. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.2.

Huang, H.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. Fazal, N. Ahmed, J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, Y. Yan, B. Shamee, H. Huang, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, Opt. Lett. 37, 4753 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. Willner, Nat. Photonics 6, 488 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Willner, J. Wang, and H. Huang, Science 337, 655 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Huang, G. Xie, Y. Yan, N. Ahmed, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, B. Erkmen, K. Birnbaum, S. Dolinar, M. Lavery, M. Padgett, and A. Willner, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4G.5.

Huang, M.

D. Qian, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Huang, Y.

D. Qian, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

E. Ip, M. Li, Y. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.2.

Inan, B.

Ip, E.

D. Qian, M. Huang, E. Ip, Y. Huang, Y. Shao, J. Hu, and T. Wang, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1540 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Ip, M. Li, Y. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.2.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Jack, B.

B. Jack, M. J. Padgett, and S. Franke-Arnold, New J. Phys. 10, 103013 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, R. V.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

Ji, P.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Jung, Y.

Koonen, A.

Koreshkov, K.

E. Ip, M. Li, Y. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.2.

Kristensen, P.

N. Bozinovic, Y. Yue, Y. Ren, M. Tur, P. Kristensen, H. Huang, A. Willner, and S. Ramachandran, Science 340, 1545 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kuschnerov, M.

Lankl, B.

Lavery, M.

M. Lavery, D. J. Robertson, G. Berkhout, G. D. Love, M. J. Padgett, and J. Courtial, Opt. Express 20, 2110 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Rodenburg, M. Lavery, M. Malik, M. O’Sullivan, M. Mirhosseini, D. Robertson, M. Padgett, and R. Boyd, Opt. Lett. 37, 3735 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Huang, G. Xie, Y. Yan, N. Ahmed, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, D. Rogawski, M. Tur, B. Erkmen, K. Birnbaum, S. Dolinar, M. Lavery, M. Padgett, and A. Willner, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OTh4G.5.

Li, M.

E. Ip, M. Li, Y. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.2.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Linares, J.

D. Qian, E. Ip, M. Huang, M. Li, A. Dogariu, S. Zhang, Y. Shao, Y. Huang, Y. Zhang, X. Cheng, Y. Tian, P. Ji, A. Collier, Y. Geng, J. Linares, C. Montero, V. Moreno, X. Prieto, and T. Wang, in Frontiers in Optics 2012/Laser Science XXVIII, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper FW6C.3.

Lingle, R.

R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

Love, G. D.

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, Nature 412, 313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Malik, M.

Mateo, E.

E. Ip, M. Li, Y. Huang, A. Tanaka, E. Mateo, W. Wood, J. Hu, Y. Yano, and K. Koreshkov, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.2.

Mirhosseini, M.

Montero, C.

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R. Ryf, S. Randel, N. K. Fontaine, M. Montoliu, E. Burrows, S. Chandrasekhar, A. H. Gnauck, C. Xie, R. Essiambre, P. Winzer, R. Delbue, P. Pupalaikis, A. Sureka, Y. Sun, L. Gruner-Nielsen, R. V. Jensen, and R. Lingle, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference/National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference 2013, OSA Technical Digest (online) (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper PDP5A.1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Concept of using three-dimensional multiplexing to increase the multiplexed data channels. (a), (b), and (c) are performed successively to achieve OAM, PDM, and WDM, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. (1) Generation and multiplexing of six OAM beams. (2) Generation and multiplexing of another six OAM beams with opposite vortex charges (3) Pol-MUX. PC, polarization controller; BPF, bandpass filter; Pol., polarizer; OC, optical coupler; Col., collimator; MR, mirror; HWP, half-wave plate; SLM, spatial light modulator; BS, beam splitter; PBS, polarization beam splitter; AWG, array waveguide grating; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Designed holograms and images of multiplexed OAM beams. (a1) Gaussian beam. (a2) Phase hologram for generating three OAM beams (=+4, +10, and +16). (a3) Generated OAM beam including =+4, +10, and +16. (b1) Gaussian beam. (b2) Phase hologram for generating three OAM beams (=+7, +13, and +19). (b3) Generated OAM beams (=+7, +13, and +19). (c) Multiplexed OAM beams with =+4, +7, +10, +13, +16, and +19. (d) Multiplexed OAM beams with =±4, ±7, ±10, ±13, ±16, and ±19. (e) Polarization-multiplexed OAM beams including =±4, ±7, ±10, ±13, ±16, and ±19 on both x and y polarization.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Crosstalk measurement for all the OAM beams at a single wavelength (1552.26 nm).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured optical spectra of a single beam (=+10 in x polarization). Blue solid: demultiplexing =+10 when sending OAM beams with =+4, +10, and +16. Red dot: demultiplexing =+10 when sending all other modes except =+4, +10, and +16.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER as a function of OSNR for the demultiplexed channel with the worst crosstalk.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Measured BER and OSNR for all 1008 channels (504 channels in x-pol and 504 channels in y-pol.).

Metrics