Abstract

In this Letter, we theoretically studied high-quality (Q) factor plasmonic whispering-gallery modes (WGMs) with ultrasmall mode volumes in graphene monolayer coated semiconductor nanodisks in the mid-infrared range. The influence of the chemical potential, the relaxation time of graphene, and the radius of the nanodisk on the cavity Q factor and the mode volume was numerically investigated. The numerical simulations showed that the plasmonic WGMs excited in this cavity had a deep subwavelength mode volume of 1.4×105 (λ0/2n)3, a cavity Q factor as high as 266 at a temperature lower than 250 K, and, consequently, a large Purcell factor of 1.2×107 when the chemical potential and relaxation time were assumed to be 0.9 eV and 1.4 ps, respectively. The results provide a possible application of plasmonic WGMs in the integration of nano-optoelectronic devices based on graphene.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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