Abstract

We propose a scheme for creating a tunable, highly nonlinear defect in a one-dimensional photonic crystal with an embedded atomic cell filled by a mixture of two isotopes of three-level atoms. The defect creates an effective double-core waveguide. The induced refractive index for a probe field can be made parity-time (PT) symmetric by means of a proper combination of a control field and a Stark field; hence the complex defect potential obtained contains double-well real and linear imaginary parts. We also show that it is possible to form various stable nonlinear defect modes supported by the focusing nonlinearity of the system.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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