Abstract

We report on a few-cycle laser system delivering sub-8-fs pulses with 353 μJ pulse energy and 25 GW of peak power at up to 150 kHz repetition rate. The corresponding average output power is as high as 53 W, which represents the highest average power obtained from any few-cycle laser architecture so far. The combination of both high average and high peak power provides unique opportunities for applications. We demonstrate high harmonic generation up to the water window and record-high photon flux in the soft x-ray spectral region. This tabletop source of high-photon flux soft x rays will, for example, enable coherent diffractive imaging with sub-10-nm resolution in the near future.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (3)

B. Beaurepaire, A. Lifschitz, and J. Faure, New J. Phys. 16, 023023 (2014).
[CrossRef]

C. Ding, W. Xiong, T. Fan, D. D. Hickstein, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhang, M. Walls, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Express 22, 6194 (2014).
[CrossRef]

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (7)

2012 (4)

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 20, 10870 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Harth, M. Schultze, T. Lang, T. Binhammer, S. Rausch, and U. Morgner, Opt. Express 20, 3076 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. L’Hullier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 074020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, L. Poletto, N. Guerassimova, S. Dziarzhytski, E. Ploenjes, and H. Weigelt, Proc. SPIE 7802, 780209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 35, 94 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

2006 (1)

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. Adam, J. Moy, and J. Susini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 091301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1993 (1)

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, and X. Li, J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J.

J. Adam, J. Moy, and J. Susini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 091301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Adams, D. E.

Andersen, T. V.

Arpin, P.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beaurepaire, B.

B. Beaurepaire, A. Lifschitz, and J. Faure, New J. Phys. 16, 023023 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Binhammer, T.

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Breitkopf, S.

Chang, Z.

Chen, C.-C.

Chen, M.-C.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chipperfield, L.

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zaïr, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Coraggia, S.

F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, L. Poletto, N. Guerassimova, S. Dziarzhytski, E. Ploenjes, and H. Weigelt, Proc. SPIE 7802, 780209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J. C.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Demmler, S.

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zaïr, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, T. Peschel, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 763 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hage, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 5051 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Rothhardt, S. Demmler, S. Hädrich, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 20, 10870 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ding, C.

Drescher, M.

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dziarzhytski, S.

F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, L. Poletto, N. Guerassimova, S. Dziarzhytski, E. Ploenjes, and H. Weigelt, Proc. SPIE 7802, 780209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

Fan, T.

Faure, J.

B. Beaurepaire, A. Lifschitz, and J. Faure, New J. Phys. 16, 023023 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Ferencz, K.

Ferray, M.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, and X. Li, J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Frassetto, F.

F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, L. Poletto, N. Guerassimova, S. Dziarzhytski, E. Ploenjes, and H. Weigelt, Proc. SPIE 7802, 780209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gabler, T.

Gerrity, M.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gilbertson, S.

Gottschall, T.

Güdde, J.

C. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. L’Hullier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 074020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Guerassimova, N.

F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, L. Poletto, N. Guerassimova, S. Dziarzhytski, E. Ploenjes, and H. Weigelt, Proc. SPIE 7802, 780209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gullikson, E. M.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hädrich, S.

Hage, A.

Hanf, S.

Harth, A.

Henke, B. L.

B. L. Henke, E. M. Gullikson, and J. C. Davis, At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 54, 181 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, D.

Heyl, C.

C. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. L’Hullier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 074020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hickstein, D. D.

Höfer, U.

C. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. L’Hullier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 074020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, A.

Iaconis, C.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, F.

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 97 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jauregui, C.

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 97 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kálmán, P.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kärtner, F. X.

F. X. Kärtner, Few-Cycle Laser Pulse Generation and Its Applications (Springer, 2004).

Khan, J. I.

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kienel, M.

Klenke, A.

Kling, M. F.

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 34, 2459 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, R. Szipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, S. Sartania, and F. Krausz, Opt. Lett. 22, 522 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krebs, M.

J. Rothhardt, M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, New J. Phys. 16, 033022 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M. Krebs, S. Hädrich, S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, A. Zaïr, L. Chipperfield, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Nat. Photonics 7, 555 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Demmler, J. Rothhardt, S. Hädrich, M. Krebs, A. Hage, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 5051 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, and X. Li, J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L’Hullier, A.

C. Heyl, J. Güdde, A. L’Hullier, and U. Höfer, J. Phys. B 45, 074020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lang, T.

Li, C.

Li, X.

M. Ferray, A. L’Huillier, and X. Li, J. Phys. B 21, L31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lifschitz, A.

B. Beaurepaire, A. Lifschitz, and J. Faure, New J. Phys. 16, 023023 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Liu, J.

P. Wan, L. Yang, and J. Liu, Opt. Express 21, 3616 (2013).

Liu, Y.

Mashiko, H.

Menoni, C. S.

Miao, J.

Morgner, U.

Moy, J.

J. Adam, J. Moy, and J. Susini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 091301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Murnane, M. M.

Ni, Y.

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

Otto, H.-J.

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pervak, V.

Peschel, T.

Ploenjes, E.

F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, L. Poletto, N. Guerassimova, S. Dziarzhytski, E. Ploenjes, and H. Weigelt, Proc. SPIE 7802, 780209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poletto, L.

F. Frassetto, S. Coraggia, L. Poletto, N. Guerassimova, S. Dziarzhytski, E. Ploenjes, and H. Weigelt, Proc. SPIE 7802, 780209 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popmintchev, D.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popmintchev, T.

C. Ding, W. Xiong, T. Fan, D. D. Hickstein, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhang, M. Walls, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Opt. Express 22, 6194 (2014).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rausch, S.

Raymondson, D. A.

Rong, L.

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Sartania, S.

Schlotter, W. F.

Schmid, K.

Schnürer, M.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

Schultze, M.

A. Harth, M. Schultze, T. Lang, T. Binhammer, S. Rausch, and U. Morgner, Opt. Express 20, 3076 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Seaberg, M.

M.-C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seaberg, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seaberg, M. D.

Seise, E.

Siedschlag, C.

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

Stutzki, F.

F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 38, 97 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, H.-J. Otto, T. Eidam, C. Jauregui, and A. Tünnermann, Light Sci. Appl. 1, e8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Susini, J.

J. Adam, J. Moy, and J. Susini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 091301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Szipöcs, R.

Tautz, R.

Tavella, F.

Tempea, G.

M. Schnürer, Z. Cheng, M. Hentschel, G. Tempea, P. Kálmán, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 722 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, E. L.

Tünnermann, A.

Uiberacker, M.

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Uphues, T.

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Veisz, L.

Verhoef, A. J.

M. F. Kling, C. Siedschlag, A. J. Verhoef, J. I. Khan, M. Schultze, T. Uphues, Y. Ni, M. Uiberacker, M. Drescher, F. Krausz, and M. J. J. Vrakking, Science 312, 246 (2006).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the two nonlinear compression stages that reduce the pulse duration from the initial 210 to 30 fs and 7.8 fs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Spectrum measured after spectral broadening in the first hollow-core fiber. (b) Autocorrelation measured after the first chirped mirror compressor.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Measured spectrum and spectral phase of the compressed pulses after the second postcompression stage. (b) Resulting temporal pulse profile.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup for HHG including a 2.3 mm fused silica plate, a 3 mm thick Brewster-angled fused silica entrance window, a focusing mirror, a gas nozzle providing the target gas, a water-cooled pinhole, and up to three thin-foil filters.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectra generated with different backing pressures and phase matching conditions in (a) neon and (b) helium.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured spectrum with (red curve) and without (black curve) an additional 0.5 μm thick parylene filter. The dashed blue curve displays the calculated filter transmission.

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