Abstract

In this Letter a packaged add–drop filter composed of a silica microsphere resonator and two fiber tapers is demonstrated theoretically and experimentally. A two-step fabrication process using an UV curable polymer is shown to stabilize the microsphere resonator with a diameter of 153 μm coupled to two tapered microfibers with diameters of 1.5 μm which are used as add and drop ports. A high loaded quality factor (Q-factor) of 0.9×105 and a free spectral range (FSR) of about 104 pm are obtained at around 1550 nm from the microsphere for the parallel coupling tapered fibers in the add–drop configuration. This device has a range of advantages, such as ease of fabrication, low-cost, and compatibility with traditional and commercial fiber systems.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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F. Monifi, J. Friedlein, S. K. Ozdemir, and L. Yang, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 3306 (2012).
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G. S. Murugan, J. Wilkinson, and M. Zervas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 071106 (2012).
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G. Senthil Murugan, J. Wilkinson, and M. Zervas, Opt. Express 17, 11916 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2005

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 41, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

1999

C. Ming, G. Hunziker, and K. Vahala, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 686 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Andreakou, P.

C. Grivas, C. Li, P. Andreakou, P. Wang, M. Ding, G. Brambilla, L. Manna, and P. Lagoudakis, Nat. Commun. 4, 2376 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Armani, A. M.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Armani, D. K.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bilodeau, F.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T.

Birks, T. A.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bo, L.

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, G.

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Grivas, C. Li, P. Andreakou, P. Wang, M. Ding, G. Brambilla, L. Manna, and P. Lagoudakis, Nat. Commun. 4, 2376 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 41, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Cheung, G.

Ding, M.

C. Grivas, C. Li, P. Andreakou, P. Wang, M. Ding, G. Brambilla, L. Manna, and P. Lagoudakis, Nat. Commun. 4, 2376 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dulashko, Y.

Farrell, G.

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 41, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Friedlein, J.

Gorodetsky, M. L.

Grivas, C.

C. Grivas, C. Li, P. Andreakou, P. Wang, M. Ding, G. Brambilla, L. Manna, and P. Lagoudakis, Nat. Commun. 4, 2376 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Han, Z.

Hewak, D.

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hua, P.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hunziker, G.

C. Ming, G. Hunziker, and K. Vahala, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 686 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

Jacques, F.

Ji, Z.

Jiang, X. S.

Johnson, D. C.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

Khan, M.

Kippenberg, T. J.

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

Koizumi, F.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 41, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lagoudakis, P.

C. Grivas, C. Li, P. Andreakou, P. Wang, M. Ding, G. Brambilla, L. Manna, and P. Lagoudakis, Nat. Commun. 4, 2376 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, T.

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

C. Grivas, C. Li, P. Andreakou, P. Wang, M. Ding, G. Brambilla, L. Manna, and P. Lagoudakis, Nat. Commun. 4, 2376 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, N. Ma, and A. Poon, Opt. Lett. 29, 471 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Ma, N.

Maleki, L.

Malo, B.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Manna, L.

C. Grivas, C. Li, P. Andreakou, P. Wang, M. Ding, G. Brambilla, L. Manna, and P. Lagoudakis, Nat. Commun. 4, 2376 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Min, B.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ming, C.

C. Ming, G. Hunziker, and K. Vahala, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 686 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monifi, F.

Murugan, G.

Murugan, G. S.

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Murugan, J. Wilkinson, and M. Zervas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 071106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Murugan, M. Petrovich, Y. Jung, J. Wilkinson, and M. Zervas, Opt. Express 19, 20773 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ozdemir, S. K.

Panitchob, Y.

Petrovich, M.

Poon, A.

Prabhu, A. M.

A. M. Prabhu, A. Tsay, Z. Han, and V. Van, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qi, M.

Qiang, Z.

Reekie, L.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 41, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Semenova, Y.

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Senthil Murugan, G.

Shen, H.

Soref, R. A.

Spillane, S. M.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sumetsky, M.

Sun, F.

Theriault, S.

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L. M.

Tsay, A.

A. M. Prabhu, A. Tsay, Z. Han, and V. Van, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K.

C. Ming, G. Hunziker, and K. Vahala, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 686 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Van, V.

A. M. Prabhu, A. Tsay, Z. Han, and V. Van, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G.

Wang, L.

Wang, P.

C. Grivas, C. Li, P. Andreakou, P. Wang, M. Ding, G. Brambilla, L. Manna, and P. Lagoudakis, Nat. Commun. 4, 2376 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J.

Windeler, R. S.

Wu, Q.

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, S.

Xiong, J.

Xue, C.

Yan, S.

Yan, Y.

Yang, L.

Yao, X. S.

Zervas, M.

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Y.

Zhou, W.

Zou, C.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

G. S. Murugan, J. Wilkinson, and M. Zervas, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 071106 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, M. Ding, T. Lee, G. S. Murugan, L. Bo, Y. Semenova, Q. Wu, D. Hewak, G. Brambilla, and G. Farrell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 131110 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Armani, D. K. Armani, B. Min, K. J. Vahala, and S. M. Spillane, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 151118 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

G. Brambilla, F. Koizumi, X. Feng, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 41, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. Ming, G. Hunziker, and K. Vahala, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 686 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Dong, P. Hua, T. A. Birks, L. Reekie, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1656 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Prabhu, A. Tsay, Z. Han, and V. Van, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 651 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Bilodeau, D. C. Johnson, S. Theriault, B. Malo, J. Albert, and K. O. Hill, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 388 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nat. Commun.

C. Grivas, C. Li, P. Andreakou, P. Wang, M. Ding, G. Brambilla, L. Manna, and P. Lagoudakis, Nat. Commun. 4, 2376 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nature

K. J. Vahala, Nature 424, 839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Armani, T. J. Kippenberg, S. M. Spillane, and K. J. Vahala, Nature 421, 925 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

http://www.comsol.com/products/4.3b .

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simulated electric field distribution for a silica microsphere coupled with two tapered fibers in (a) air and (b) polymer. The operating wavelength is 1550 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the microsphere packaging process: (a) a UV curable polymer is deposited on a glass microscope slide substrate; (b) the first optical fiber taper and silica microsphere are fixed in place; (c) both the microsphere and the second optical fiber taper are embedded in a layer of UV-curable polymer; (d) the polymer is UV-cured.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Microscope image of a silica microsphere coupled with a silica fiber taper packaged in a cured polymer and (b) zoom-in microscope image. (We cannot see the coupling taper here because the focus is on the middle of the microsphere.)

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmission spectra outputted from the through port (black line) and the drop port (blue line).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Temperature dependence of the packaged microsphere device.

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