Abstract

An optical filter based on all-polymer grating-assisted directional coupler is demonstrated. The wavelength tuning is differentially driven. The heater-electrodes created on the sidewalls of the polymer ridge can either blue- or red-shift the central wavelength. A total tuning range of 301 nm is achieved experimentally. The maximal local temperature gradient introduced across the coupler region is only 55°C–68°C. The filter is also insensitive to uniform ambient temperature change. Central wavelength jitter of ±3nm is observed when the chip holder temperature cycles between 20°C and 80°C.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2014

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, G. Genrich, N. Keil, and N. Grote, Opt. Lett. 39, 162 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2012

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2007

2006

T. Mizuno, M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1570 (2006).

M. Dainese, M. Swillo, L. Wosinski, and L. Thylen, Opt. Commun. 260, 514 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

1993

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backbom, and T. Klinga, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Arimoto, H.

T. Suzuki, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, A. Takei, T. Taniguchi, K. Shinoda, S. Tanaka, and S. Tsuji, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2011), paper OWD7.

Backbom, L.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backbom, and T. Klinga, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boye, R. R.

Brinker, W.

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Carter, T. R.

Chu, T.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dainese, M.

M. Dainese, M. Swillo, L. Wosinski, and L. Thylen, Opt. Commun. 260, 514 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Felipe, D.

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Genrich, G.

Grote, N.

Z. Zhang, G. Genrich, N. Keil, and N. Grote, Opt. Lett. 39, 162 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

T. Mizuno, M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1570 (2006).

Keil, N.

Z. Zhang, G. Genrich, N. Keil, and N. Grote, Opt. Lett. 39, 162 (2014).
[CrossRef]

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kellogg, R. A.

Kemme, S. A.

Kitatani, T.

T. Suzuki, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, A. Takei, T. Taniguchi, K. Shinoda, S. Tanaka, and S. Tsuji, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2011), paper OWD7.

Kitoh, T.

T. Mizuno, M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1570 (2006).

Kleinert, M.

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Klinga, T.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backbom, and T. Klinga, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Maese-Novo, A.

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Mettbach, N.

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, T.

T. Mizuno, M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1570 (2006).

Moehrle, M.

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, S.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backbom, and T. Klinga, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Oberg, M.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backbom, and T. Klinga, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Oguma, M.

T. Mizuno, M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1570 (2006).

Peters, D. W.

Qiu, M.

Samora, S.

Schell, M.

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, D.

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shinoda, K.

T. Suzuki, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, A. Takei, T. Taniguchi, K. Shinoda, S. Tanaka, and S. Tsuji, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2011), paper OWD7.

Streubel, K.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backbom, and T. Klinga, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, A. Takei, T. Taniguchi, K. Shinoda, S. Tanaka, and S. Tsuji, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2011), paper OWD7.

Swillo, M.

M. Dainese, M. Swillo, L. Wosinski, and L. Thylen, Opt. Commun. 260, 514 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

T. Mizuno, M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1570 (2006).

Takei, A.

T. Suzuki, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, A. Takei, T. Taniguchi, K. Shinoda, S. Tanaka, and S. Tsuji, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2011), paper OWD7.

Tanaka, S.

T. Suzuki, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, A. Takei, T. Taniguchi, K. Shinoda, S. Tanaka, and S. Tsuji, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2011), paper OWD7.

Taniguchi, T.

T. Suzuki, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, A. Takei, T. Taniguchi, K. Shinoda, S. Tanaka, and S. Tsuji, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2011), paper OWD7.

Thylen, L.

M. Dainese, M. Swillo, L. Wosinski, and L. Thylen, Opt. Commun. 260, 514 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, S.

T. Suzuki, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, A. Takei, T. Taniguchi, K. Shinoda, S. Tanaka, and S. Tsuji, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2011), paper OWD7.

Wallin, J.

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backbom, and T. Klinga, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wendt, J. R.

Wosinski, L.

M. Dainese, M. Swillo, L. Wosinski, and L. Thylen, Opt. Commun. 260, 514 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Yu, J.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zawadzki, C.

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, G. Genrich, N. Keil, and N. Grote, Opt. Lett. 39, 162 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang and M. Qiu, Opt. Express 13, 2596 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Mizuno, M. Oguma, T. Kitoh, Y. Inoue, and H. Takahashi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1570 (2006).

M. Oberg, S. Nilsson, K. Streubel, J. Wallin, L. Backbom, and T. Klinga, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 735 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Felipe, Z. Zhang, W. Brinker, M. Kleinert, A. Maese-Novo, C. Zawadzki, M. Moehrle, and N. Keil, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 26, 1391 (2014).
[CrossRef]

IET Optoelectronics

Z. Zhang, N. Mettbach, C. Zawadzki, J. Wang, D. Schmidt, W. Brinker, N. Grote, M. Schell, and N. Keil, IET Optoelectronics 5, 226 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt.

Y. Hu, L. Zhang, X. Xiao, Z. Li, Y. Li, T. Chu, Y. Su, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, J. Opt. 14, 065501 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

M. Dainese, M. Swillo, L. Wosinski, and L. Thylen, Opt. Commun. 260, 514 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

T. Suzuki, H. Arimoto, T. Kitatani, A. Takei, T. Taniguchi, K. Shinoda, S. Tanaka, and S. Tsuji, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (2011), paper OWD7.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the all-polymer grating-assisted coupler filter: (a) cross-section view; (b) central top view.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Simulated filter spectra at different thermal conditions.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Microscope image of the device. (b) SEM photo of the coupler cores. (c) SEM photo of the sidewall electrodes.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental filter spectra at different heater currents.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Wavelength tuning behavior with respect to (a) heater current and (b) heater power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Filter central-wavelength variation with respect to chip holder temperature change.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ0=(NLNU)Λ.
Δλ0=(ΔTLNL/TLΔTUNU/TU)Λ.
Δλ0=Γ(ΔTLΔTU)Λ.

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