Abstract

Cryogenic single-crystal optical cavities have the potential to provide high dimensional stability. We have investigated the long-term performance of an ultrastable laser system that is stabilized to a single-crystal silicon cavity operated at 124 K. Utilizing a frequency comb, the laser is compared to a hydrogen maser that is referenced to a primary caesium fountain standard and to the Sr87 optical lattice clock at Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB). With fractional frequency instabilities of σy(τ)2×1016 for averaging times of τ=60s to 1000 s and σy(1d)2×1015 the stability of this laser, without any aid from an atomic reference, surpasses the best known microwave standards for short averaging times and is competitive with the best known hydrogen masers for longer times of 1 day. The comparison of modeled thermal response of the cavity with measured data indicates an average fractional frequency drift below 5×1019/s, which we do not expect to be a fundamental limit.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (4)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription