Abstract

The introduction of a buffer reservoir mechanism with optimized time-constants and cross sections in a laser system enables breaking any resonant exchange between the population inversion and photon population over an extremely wide bandwidth. The associated noise cancellation, including the excess noise at relaxation oscillations and spontaneous-signal beating, is experimentally evidenced up to 16 GHz in an Er,Yb laser comprising a GaAs two-photon absorber. Such approach is shown to preserve the laser linewidth quality and is advantageously implemented for optical distribution of frequency references.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gürsel, S. Kawamura, F. J. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. E. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2011 (1)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

A. El Amili, B.-X. Miranda, F. Goldfarb, G. Baili, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, F. Bretenaker, and M. Alouini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

R. van Leeuwen, B. Xu, L. S. Watkins, Q. Wang, and C. Ghosh, Proc. SPIE 6975, 69750K (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Eliyahu, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 56, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Nelson, A. Hati, and D. A. Howe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1542 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, T. Malherbe, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, T. Merlet, J. Chazelas, I. Sagnes, and F. Bretenaker, Opt. Express 16, 10091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, and C. Chardonnet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Csörnyei, T. Berceli, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Bibey, F. Debrogies, M. Krakowski, and D. Mongardien, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

S. Taccheo, P. Laporta, O. Svelto, and G. de Geronimo, Opt. Lett. 21, 1747 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

R. Loudon, C. J. Shackleton, M. Harris, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. A 50, 658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Shilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gürsel, S. Kawamura, F. J. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. E. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2360 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 141, 306 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Abramovici, A.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gürsel, S. Kawamura, F. J. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. E. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Alouini, M.

A. El Amili, G. Kervella, and M. Alouini, Opt. Express 21, 8773 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. El Amili, B.-X. Miranda, F. Goldfarb, G. Baili, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, F. Bretenaker, and M. Alouini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, T. Malherbe, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, T. Merlet, J. Chazelas, I. Sagnes, and F. Bretenaker, Opt. Express 16, 10091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Althouse, W. E.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gürsel, S. Kawamura, F. J. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. E. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Amy-Klein, A.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, and C. Chardonnet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arecchi, F. T.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bachor, H. A.

H. A. Bachor and T. C. Ralph, A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics (Wiley, 2003).

Bachor, H.-A.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Shilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Baili, G.

A. El Amili, B.-X. Miranda, F. Goldfarb, G. Baili, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, F. Bretenaker, and M. Alouini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, T. Malherbe, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, T. Merlet, J. Chazelas, I. Sagnes, and F. Bretenaker, Opt. Express 16, 10091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beaudoin, G.

A. El Amili, B.-X. Miranda, F. Goldfarb, G. Baili, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, F. Bretenaker, and M. Alouini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berceli, T.

M. Csörnyei, T. Berceli, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bibey, M.

M. Bibey, F. Debrogies, M. Krakowski, and D. Mongardien, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bretenaker, F.

A. El Amili, B.-X. Miranda, F. Goldfarb, G. Baili, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, F. Bretenaker, and M. Alouini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, T. Malherbe, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, T. Merlet, J. Chazelas, I. Sagnes, and F. Bretenaker, Opt. Express 16, 10091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Chardonnet, C.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, and C. Chardonnet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chazelas, J.

Csörnyei, M.

M. Csörnyei, T. Berceli, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Daussy, C.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, and C. Chardonnet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Geronimo, G.

Debrogies, F.

M. Bibey, F. Debrogies, M. Krakowski, and D. Mongardien, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Drever, R. W. P.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gürsel, S. Kawamura, F. J. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. E. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef]

El Amili, A.

A. El Amili, G. Kervella, and M. Alouini, Opt. Express 21, 8773 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. El Amili, B.-X. Miranda, F. Goldfarb, G. Baili, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, F. Bretenaker, and M. Alouini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eliyahu, D.

D. Eliyahu, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 56, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Farinas, A. D.

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Shilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Garnache, A.

Ghosh, C.

R. van Leeuwen, B. Xu, L. S. Watkins, Q. Wang, and C. Ghosh, Proc. SPIE 6975, 69750K (2008).
[CrossRef]

Goldfarb, F.

A. El Amili, B.-X. Miranda, F. Goldfarb, G. Baili, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, F. Bretenaker, and M. Alouini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goncharov, A.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, and C. Chardonnet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gray, M. B.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Shilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Guinet, M.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, and C. Chardonnet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gürsel, Y.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gürsel, S. Kawamura, F. J. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. E. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E. K.

Harb, C. C.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Shilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Harris, M.

R. Loudon, C. J. Shackleton, M. Harris, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. A 50, 658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2360 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hati, A.

C. W. Nelson, A. Hati, and D. A. Howe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1542 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Herczfeld, P. R.

M. Csörnyei, T. Berceli, and P. R. Herczfeld, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2983 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Howe, D. A.

C. W. Nelson, A. Hati, and D. A. Howe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1542 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J.-P.

Huntington, E. H.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawamura, S.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gürsel, S. Kawamura, F. J. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. E. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kervella, G.

Kirchner, M. S.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Krakowski, M.

M. Bibey, F. Debrogies, M. Krakowski, and D. Mongardien, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

Lemke, N.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lippi, G. L.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, O.

C. Daussy, O. Lopez, A. Amy-Klein, A. Goncharov, M. Guinet, and C. Chardonnet, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 203904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, R.

R. Loudon, C. J. Shackleton, M. Harris, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. A 50, 658 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Harris, R. Loudon, T. J. Shepherd, and J. M. Vaughan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2360 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

D. Eliyahu, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 56, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Malherbe, T.

McClelland, D. E.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, Phys. Rev. 141, 306 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Merlet, T.

Miranda, B.-X.

A. El Amili, B.-X. Miranda, F. Goldfarb, G. Baili, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, F. Bretenaker, and M. Alouini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mongardien, D.

M. Bibey, F. Debrogies, M. Krakowski, and D. Mongardien, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 47, 2257 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Morvan, L.

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, C. W.

C. W. Nelson, A. Hati, and D. A. Howe, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1542 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Puccioni, G. P.

F. T. Arecchi, G. L. Lippi, G. P. Puccioni, and J. R. Tredicce, Opt. Commun. 51, 308 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, F.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Raab, F. J.

A. Abramovici, W. E. Althouse, R. W. P. Drever, Y. Gürsel, S. Kawamura, F. J. Raab, D. Shoemaker, L. Sievers, R. E. Spero, K. S. Thorne, R. E. Vogt, R. Weiss, S. E. Whitcomb, and M. E. Zucker, Science 256, 325 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ralph, T. C.

C. C. Harb, T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, I. Freitag, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, Phys. Rev. A 54, 4370 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Bachor and T. C. Ralph, A Guide to Experiments in Quantum Optics (Wiley, 2003).

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photonics 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rottengatter, P.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Shilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag, and H. Welling, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

A. El Amili, B.-X. Miranda, F. Goldfarb, G. Baili, G. Beaudoin, I. Sagnes, F. Bretenaker, and M. Alouini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 223902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, F. Bretenaker, M. Alouini, L. Morvan, D. Dolfi, and I. Sagnes, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 952 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, T. Malherbe, D. Dolfi, J.-P. Huignard, T. Merlet, J. Chazelas, I. Sagnes, and F. Bretenaker, Opt. Express 16, 10091 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seidel, D.

D. Eliyahu, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 56, 449 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simplified illustration of interactions between population inversion, photon and nonlinear loss reservoir. The nonlinear losses act as a buffer reservoir regulating the resonant interplay between the photon and population reservoirs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of the experimental arrangement. The laser beam is split in three paths: (1) intensity noise analysis, (2) frequency noise analysis, and (3) optical link for frequency reference distribution. The additive phase noise of the link is characterized with a phase noise measurement bench (not represented). ESA, electrical spectrum analyzer; G, gain; AOM, acousto-optic modulator; MZM, Mach–Zehnder modulator.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) RIN spectra acquired at low frequencies. (b) Frequency noise spectrum of the laser. NLA, nonlinear absorber.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Electrical spectra of the optical carrier. (b) Phase noise spectra of the optical link. The straight line indicates the shot noise level. NLA, nonlinear absorber.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) RIN spectra at high frequencies. The inset is a zoom of the peak at 5.5 GHz. (b) RIN spectra of the laser for two different positions of the nonlinear absorber inside the cavity. Spectrum (1) is when the GaAs plate is close to the output mirror while the spectrum, and (2) is taken when the plate is close to the active medium. NLA, nonlinear absorber.

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