Abstract

A quantitative comparison of conventional absorption line (940 nm) pumping and zero phonon line (ZPL) (969 nm) pumping of a Yb:YAG thin disk laser is reported. Characteristics of an output beam profile, surface temperature, and deformation of a thin disk under the different pump wavelengths are evaluated. We found that a nonlinear phonon relaxation (NPR) of the excited state in Yb:YAG, which induces nonlinear temperature rise and large aspheric deformation, did not appear in the case of a ZPL pumped Yb:YAG thin disk. This means that the advantage of ZPL pumping is not only the reduction of quantum defect but also the suppression of NPR. The latter effect is more important for high power lasers.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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S. Chenais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, Y. Fichot, P. Georges, R. Gaume, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Mater. 22, 129 (2003).
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S. Chenais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, Y. Fichot, P. Georges, R. Gaume, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Mater. 22, 129 (2003).
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C. Brandt, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 102, 765 (2011).
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Gaume, R.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, Y. Fichot, P. Georges, R. Gaume, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Mater. 22, 129 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, Y. Fichot, P. Georges, R. Gaume, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Mater. 22, 129 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, J. Speiser, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB49.

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L. Glebov, G. Wood, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 6216, 621601 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gloger, J.

Graf, T.

Hein, J.

J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
[CrossRef]

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C. Brandt, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 102, 765 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jambunathan, V.

J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
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J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Kasamatsu, T.

Körner, J.

J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
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Lacovara, P.

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M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, J. Speiser, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB49.

Leinhos, U.

Loeser, M.

J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
[CrossRef]

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S. Chenais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, Y. Fichot, P. Georges, R. Gaume, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Mater. 22, 129 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
[CrossRef]

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A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Perchermeier, J.

Petermann, K.

C. Brandt, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 102, 765 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schäfer, B.

Schramm, U.

J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Schuhmann, K.

M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, J. Speiser, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB49.

Seifert, R.

J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Sekita, H.

Siebold, M.

J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Sikocinski, P.

J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Speiser, J.

M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, J. Speiser, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB49.

Stolzenburg, C.

M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, J. Speiser, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB49.

Viana, B.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, Y. Fichot, P. Georges, R. Gaume, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Mater. 22, 129 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, Y. Fichot, P. Georges, R. Gaume, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Mater. 22, 129 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Voss, A.

B. Weichelt, A. Voss, M. Ahmed, and T. Graf, Opt. Lett. 37, 3045 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Weichelt, B.

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wittrock, U.

Wood, G.

L. Glebov, G. Wood, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 6216, 621601 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

J. Körner, V. Jambunathan, J. Hein, R. Seifert, M. Loeser, M. Siebold, U. Schramm, P. Sikocinski, A. Lucianetti, T. Mocek, and M. C. Kaluza, Appl. Phys. B 116, 75 (2014).
[CrossRef]

C. Brandt, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 102, 765 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, Appl. Phys. B 58, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, Y. Fichot, P. Georges, R. Gaume, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, Opt. Mater. 22, 129 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

L. Glebov, G. Wood, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 6216, 621601 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. Larionov, K. Schuhmann, J. Speiser, C. Stolzenburg, and A. Giesen, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB49.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental setup of the Yb:YAG thin disk laser designed for regenerative amplification: TD, Yb:YAG thin-disk laser mounted on CuW heatsink; M, dielectric mirrors; TFP, thin film polarizer; PC, Pockels cell; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; CVBG, chirped volume Bragg grating; and QWP, quarter wave plate. Components in the dotted boxes are not used in the CW operation. (b) Calculated laser mode diameter on the thin disk in a tangential (red) and sagittal (black) plane. Dotted line at 2.8 mm corresponds to the pump spot size.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pump power, CW power, and a near field beam profile of a CBL and a ZPL pumped thin disk.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Peak surface temperature of the thin disk operated under different conditions. The short dashed line depicts a linear fit of temperature for low pump power operation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental setup of the in situ thin disk deformation measurement using a wavefront sensor. LD, laser diode; TD, thin disk; F, short-wave-pass filter; and WF, wavefront sensor; inset, 3D layout of the deformation measurement.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Relative OPDs of the thin disk in the horizontal (x) plane pumped by (a) CBL and (b) ZPL diodes.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Changes in ROC of the thin disk in the horizontal (x) and the vertical (y) plane as a function of pump power.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

RMS wavefront deviation of the thin disk pumped by a CBL diode and a ZPL diode.

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